Johan Ludwig Mowinckel

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Johan Ludwig Mowinckel
Johan Ludwig Mowinckel.jpg
Mowinckel in 1924
Prime Minister of Norway
In office
25 July 1924 – 5 March 1926
Monarch Haakon VII
Preceded by Abraham Berge
Succeeded by Ivar Lykke
Prime Minister of Norway
In office
15 February 1928 – 21 May 1931
Monarch Haakon VII
Preceded by Christopher Hornsrud
Succeeded by Peder Kolstad
Prime Minister of Norway
In office
3 March 1933 – 20 March 1935
Monarch Haakon VII
Preceded by Abraham Berge
Succeeded by Johan Nygaardsvold
Personal details
Born 22 October 1870
Bergen, Norway
Died 30 September 1943(1943-09-30) (aged 72)
New York
Nationality Norwegian
Political party Liberal Party

Johan Ludwig Mowinckel (October 22, 1870 – September 30th 1943) was a Norwegian statesman, shipping magnate and philanthropist.

Johan Ludwig Mowinckel was born in Bergen, Norway on October 22, 1870. Educated at Oslo University, Mowinckel entered public service in his native town where he became Chairman of Bergens Venstreforening (the local branch of the Liberal Party). He was elected to the City Council in 1899 and subsequently mayor of Bergen 1902-1906 and 1911-1913. He became Member of Parliament (Storting) for the Liberal party in 1906 and subsequently President in 1916.

During the period between World War I and 1935 he was active in national politics and served as Minister of Trade in 1921-1922, Foreign Minister in 1922-1923 and three times Norway's Prime Minister in 1924-1926, 1928-1931 and 1933-1935.

He founded the shipping firm, A/S J. Ludwig Mowinckels Rederi and was instrumental in founding the Norwegian-American Shipping Line.

In 1925 he became a member of the Nobel Peace Prize Committee. Mowinckel took the initiative during the Oslo convention in 1930 to encourage free trade between the Benelux and Nordic countries, anticipating postwar efforts toward the formation of the European Union.

He also took an active interest in the League of Nations, serving on the council and becoming President in 1933. He condemned the menace of Nazi philosophy, and when Germany overran Norway in 1940 he escaped with the government in exile.

He died September 30, 1943, in New York City, where he was representing his country. He was considered to be the outstanding Norwegian statesman of his time.

Posthumously, a new library building at the University of Bergen was dedicated to Johan Ludvig Mowinckel and had its official opening ceremony, in the presence of His Royal Majesty King Olav V, on the 13th of September 1961.[1][2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johan Ludvig Mowinckel Norsk Biografisk Leksikon (Norwegian)
  2. ^ Johan Lidwig Mowinckel Norsk samfunnsvitenskapelig datatjeneste (Norwegian)
  3. ^ Johan Ludwig Mowinckel Government of Norway (Norwegian)
Political offices
Preceded by
Abraham Berge
Prime Minister of Norway
1924–1926
Succeeded by
Ivar Lykke
Preceded by
Christopher Hornsrud
Prime Minister of Norway
1928–1931
Succeeded by
Peder Kolstad
Preceded by
Jens Hundseid
Prime Minister of Norway
1933–1935
Succeeded by
Johan Nygaardsvold
Preceded by
Christian M. Kahrs
Mayor of Bergen
1902–1906
Succeeded by
Carl V. E. Geelmuyden
Preceded by
Carl V. E. Geelmuyden
Mayor of Bergen
1911–1913
Succeeded by
Carl V. E. Geelmuyden