Johann Olav Koss

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Johann Olav Koss
Johann Olav Koss 1.jpg
Johann Olav Koss (2007)
Medal record
Men’s speed skating
Competitor for  Norway
Winter Olympics
Gold 1992 Albertville 1,500 m
Gold 1994 Lillehammer 1,500 m
Gold 1994 Lillehammer 5,000 m
Gold 1994 Lillehammer 10,000 m
Silver 1992 Albertville 10,000 m

Johann Olav Koss (born 29 October 1968) is a former speed skater from Norway, and current assistant coach of Norway's speed skating team. Koss is currently ranked as number 16 on the all time speed skating world cup medal table.[1] Johann Olav Koss resides in Toronto, Canada.

Biography[edit]

Johann Olav Koss was born in Drammen, Buskerud County, Norway. Johann Olav Koss became the Norwegian Junior Champion in 1987, but he could not compete with the world top skaters in the 1986 and 1987 World Junior Championships. In 1988, he debuted with the seniors at the World Championships in Alma-Ata, but failed to qualify for the final distance. The following year, he finished eighth in the same tournament (after a fifteenth place in the European Allround Championships), placing second on the 1,500 m. His breakthrough came in 1990, winning the World Allround Championships in Innsbruck, Austria. The following four years, he would win two more world titles (1991 and 1994), while finishing second in 1993 and third in 1992. He won the European Allround Championships in 1991 and finished second in the next three editions. Koss had a total of twenty-three World Cup wins, while winning four overall World Cup titles (the 1,500 m in 1990 and 1991, and the combined 5,000/10,000 m in 1991 and 1994).

Koss made his Olympic debut at the 1992 Winter Olympics, finishing seventh on the 5,000 m, five days after undergoing surgery because of an inflamed pancreas. He would recover to win gold on the 1,500 m (by only 0.04 seconds over his countryman Ådne Søndrål) and silver on the 10,000 m (behind Dutch skater Bart Veldkamp ).

In 1994, the final year of his speed skating career, Koss also gained fame outside the speed skating world by winning three gold medals at the 1994 Winter Olympics in his native Norway, winning all races in new world records, two of which would remain unbeaten until the clap skate era. For his performance, he was named Sports Illustrated magazine's Sportsman of the Year in 1994, together with Bonnie Blair. In addition, he received the Oscar Mathisen Award three times: in 1990, 1991, and 1994.

After his speed skating career, Koss trained as a physician at the University of Queensland in Australia.[2] He became a UNICEF ambassador and a member of the International Olympic Committee (until 2002). He married Canadian businessperson and politician Belinda Stronach on 31 December 1999, but they divorced in 2003. Koss is now the CEO of the Canadian based International Humanitarian Organisation, Right To Play, which uses sport and play as a tool for the development of children and youth in the most disadvantaged areas of the world. From his adopted home in Toronto, Canada, Koss directs seven regional Right To Play offices in Europe and North America with 64 paid staff and 90 volunteers.[3]

He married his second wife, Jennifer Lee, in New York on May 23, 2009. Lee's friend Chelsea Clinton was one of the bridesmaids.[4] Lee, 36, is a Harvard College, Oxford University and Harvard Business School graduate. She is the Co-Founder of an e-commerce business called BRIKA which sells products from under-the-radar artisans and makers.[5] She is a former management consultant and most recently a private equity investment professional at Ontario Teachers' Private Capital in Toronto. They have two children together, a son Aksel and a daughter Annabelle.

In November 2009, after American Peter Mueller was stripped of his coaching role with Norway for an inappropriate comment to a female team member, Koss was appointed head coach, despite no previous coaching experience. Association sporting director Oystein Haugen told Reuters that Koss has been a revelation despite no previous coaching experience.[6]

Koss completed his Executive MBA at the Joseph L. Rotman School of Management in the University of Toronto in Canada. He has Honorary Doctor of Laws Degrees from Canadian universities - Brock University and University of Calgary.

Medals[edit]

An overview of medals won by Koss at important championships he participated in, listing the years in which he won each:

Championships Gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
Winter Olympics 1992 (1,500 m)
1994 (1,500 m)
1994 (5,000 m)
1994 (10,000 m)
1992 (10,000 m)
World Allround 1990
1991
1994
1993 1992
World Cup 1990 (1,500 m)
1991 (1,500 m)
1991 (5,000 m / 10,000 m)
1994 (5,000 m / 10,000 m)
1992 (1,500 m)
1992 (5,000 m / 10,000 m)
1993 (5,000 m / 10,000 m)
1990 (5,000 m / 10,000 m)
European Allround 1991 1992
1993
1994
Norwegian Allround 1991
1992
1993
1994
1989
1990
Norwegian Single Distance 1989 (1,500 m)
1989 (5,000 m)
1990 (1,500 m)
1990 (5,000 m)
1990 (10,000 m)
1991 (1,500 m)
1991 (5,000 m)
1991 (10,000 m)
1993 (1,000 m)
1993 (5,000 m)
1994 (1,500 m)
1989 (1,000 m)
1990 (1,000 m)
1992 (1,000 m)
1992 (5,000 m)
1988 (10,000 m)
1991 (1,000 m)
1992 (1,500 m)
1994 (5,000 m)
Norwegian Marathon 1988

Records[edit]

World records[edit]

Over the course of his career, Koss skated ten world records:

Event Time Date Venue
3000 m 3.57,52 March 13, 1990 Netherlands Heerenveen
5000 m 6.41,73 February 9, 1991 Netherlands Heerenveen
10,000 m 13.43,54 February 10, 1991 Netherlands Heerenveen
Big combination 157.396 February 10, 1991 Netherlands Heerenveen
5000 m 6.38,77 January 22, 1993 Netherlands Heerenveen
5000 m 6.36,57 March 13, 1993 Netherlands Heerenveen
5000 m 6.35,53 December 4, 1993 Norway Hamar
5000 m 6.34,96 February 13, 1994 Norway Hamar
1500 m 1.51,29 February 16, 1994 Norway Hamar
10,000 m 13.30,55 February 20, 1994 Norway Hamar

Source: SpeedSkatingStats.com[7]

Personal records[edit]

To put these personal records in perspective, the WR column lists the official world records on the dates that Koss skated his personal records.

Event Result Date Venue WR
500 m 37.98 7 January 1994 Hamar 35.92
1,000 m 1:14.9  10 January 1993 Hamar 1:12.58
1,500 m 1:51.29 16 February 1994 Hamar 1:51.60
3,000 m 3:57.52 13 March 1990 Heerenveen 3:59.27
5,000 m 6:34.96 13 February 1994 Hamar 6:35.53
10,000 m 13:30.55 20 February 1994 Hamar 13:43.54
Big combination 157.257 9 January 1994 Hamar 156.882

Source: SpeedskatingResults.com[8]

Koss was number one on the Adelskalender, the all-time allround speed skating ranking, for a total of 1,998 days, divided over three periods between 1992 and 1997. He has an Adelskalender score of 155.099 points.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Other sources[edit]

  • Eng, Trond. All Time International Championships, Complete Results: 1889 - 2002. Askim, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 2002.
  • Eng, Trond; Gjerde, Arild and Teigen, Magne. Norsk Skøytestatistikk Gjennom Tidene, Menn/Kvinner, 1999 (6. utgave). Askim/Skedsmokorset/Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 1999.
  • Eng, Trond; Gjerde, Arild; Teigen, Magne and Teigen, Thorleiv. Norsk Skøytestatistikk Gjennom Tidene, Menn/Kvinner, 2004 (7. utgave). Askim/Skedsmokorset/Veggli/Hokksund, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 2004.
  • Eng, Trond and Teigen, Magne. Komplette Resultater fra offisielle Norske Mesterskap på skøyter, 1894 - 2005. Askim/Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 2005.
  • Teigen, Magne. Komplette Resultater Norske Mesterskap På Skøyter, 1887 - 1989: Menn/Kvinner, Senior/Junior. Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 1989.
  • Teigen, Magne. Komplette Resultater Internasjonale Mesterskap 1889 - 1989: Menn/Kvinner, Senior/Junior, allround/sprint. Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Skøytenytt, 1989.

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Netherlands Leo Visser
Oscar Mathisen Award
1990–1991
Succeeded by
United States Bonnie Blair
Preceded by
Netherlands Falko Zandstra
Oscar Mathisen Award
1994
Succeeded by
Germany Gunda Niemann
Preceded by
Spain Miguel Indurain
United Press International
Athlete of the Year

1994
Succeeded by
United Kingdom Jonathan Edwards
Preceded by
Norway Atle Skårdal
Norwegian Sportsperson of the Year
1991
Succeeded by
Norway Vegard Ulvang
Preceded by
Norway Norway national football team
Norwegian Sportsperson of the Year
1994
Succeeded by
Norway Bjørn Dæhlie