Johan van der Keuken
Johan van der Keuken (4 April 1938, Amsterdam – 7 January 2001, Amsterdam) was a Dutch documentary filmmaker, author, and photographer. In a career that spanned 42 years, Keuken produced 55 documentary films, six of which won eight awards. He also wrote nine books on photography and films, his field of interest. For all his efforts, he received seven awards for his life work, and one other for photography.
Van der Keuken was an extremely industrious man. His career spanned four decades, from 1955 until his death from prostate cancer in 2001. Even before graduating from the Institut des Hautes Études Cinématographiques (IDHEC, "Institute for Advanced Cinematographic Studies") film school in Paris (1956–1958), he had already published two books on photography and started to work on his first documentary film. In 1960 he joined Haagse Post, a Dutch newsmagazine, as a film critic but left the following year.
Based outside Amsterdam on Prinseneiland, he traveled the world, making films and taking pictures on many topics. Most of his work was produced for VPRO, a Dutch television station. Van der Keuken’s work is regarded by many as exceptional, and his premature death is seen as a real loss to the documentary filmmaking industry.
- 1957-1960: Produced the film Paris à l'Aube (10 min.), in collaboration with James Blue and Derry Hall.
- 1960: Produced the film Sunday (14 min.), using a "Prosper Dekeukeleire" camera.
- 1962: Produced four films on Dutch artists: (1) Yrrah (5 min.); (2) Tajiri (10 min.); (3) Opland (12 min.); and (4) Lucebert, Poet-Painter (16 min.).
- 1963: Produced the film The Old Lady (25 min.), using a "Prosper Dekeukeleire" camera.
- 1964: Produced two films, (1) Indonesian Boy (40 min.); and (2) Blind kind/Blind Child (24 min.).
- 1965: Produced two films, (1) Four Walls (22 min.); and (2) In the Nest with the Rest (8 min.). Co-produced Beppie (38 min.) using "Ed van der Elsken" camera.
- 1966: Produced the film Herman Slobbe/Blind Child 2 (29 min.).
- 1967: Produced two films, (1) A Film for Lucebert (22 min.); and (2) Big Ben/Ben Webster in Europe (32 min.).
- 1968: Produced three films, (1) The Spirit of the Time (42 min.); (2) The Cat (5 min.); and (3) The Street is Free (7 min.); was cameraman for Louis van Gasteren's Report from Biafra.
- 1970: Produced two films, (1) Velocity: 40-70 (25 min.), using a "Mat van Hensbergen" camera; and (2) Beauty (25 min.). In addition, was cameraman for Roeland Kerbosch's Libya in the Rush of Revolution.
- 1972: Produced the film Diary (80 min.), North-South Triptych, Part 1.
- 1973: Produced five films, (1) Bert Schierbeek/The Door (11 min.); (2) Het Witt Kasteel/The White Castle (78 min.), North-South Triptych, Part 2, in collaboration with Bert Schierbeek; (3) Vietnam Opera (11 min.); (4) De muur/The Wall (9 min.); and (5) Het leesplankje/The Reading Lesson (10 min.).
- 1974: Produced two films, (1) De nieuwe kasteel/The New Ice Age (80 min.), North-South Triptych', Part 3; and (2) Filmmaker's Holiday (38 min.).
- 1975: Produced two films, (1) The Palestinians (45 min.); and (2) Springtime (80 min.).
- 1977: Produced the film Maarten and the Double Bass (30 min.).
- 1978: Produced the award-winning film De platte jungle/Flat Jungle (90 min.).
- 1980: Produced the film The Master and the Giant (70 min.) in collaboration with Claude Ménard; was cameraman for Babeth Vanloo's Joseph Beuys at the Rotterdam Museum.
- 1980-1981: Produced the film The Way South/De weg naar het zuiden (143 min.).
- 1984: Produced two films, (1) Time (45 min.); and (2) Toys (4 min.).
- 1986: Produced three films, (1) the award-winning I love $ (145 min.); (2) Wet Feet in Hong Kong (5 min.); and (3) The Unanswered Question (18 min.), using a "Melle van Essen and Niels van 't Hoff" camera.
- 1989: Was cameraman for Noshka van der Lely's The Mountain World Non-World.
- 1989-1990: Produced the film The Mask (55 min.).
- 1990-1991: Produced the award-winning film Face Value (120 min.).
- 1992-1993: Produced the film Brass Unbound (106 min.) in collaboration with Rob Boonzajer Flaes.
- 1994: Produced three films, (1) Tony's birthday (9 min.); (2) the award-winning Lucebert: tijd en afscheid/Lucebert: Time and Farewell (52 min.); and (3) On Animal Locomotion (15 min.), in collaboration with Willem Breuker.
- 1997: Produced two films, (1) Amsterdam Afterbeat (16 min.); and (2) To Sang Fotostudio (35 min.). During the filming of the latter, van der Keuken was himself the subject of a documentary film Leven Met Je Ogen/Living with Your Eyes.
- 1998: Produced the film Last Words - My Sister Yoka (1935-1997)/Laatste woorden: Mijn zusje Joke (1935-1997) (50 min.).
- 2000: Produced two films, (1) De grote vakantie/The Long Holiday (145 min.); and (2) Temps/Travail (10 min.).
- 2001: Produced the film For The Time Being (10 min).
- 2002: Onvoltooid tegenwoordig (The Present) opens at the International Film Festival Rotterdam 2002.
- 1957-1960: Hosted photo-exhibitions in Amsterdam, Paris, Milan, Biella, and Roubaix.
- 1965-1966: Hosted photo-exhibitions at various museums in the Netherlands.
- 1964: Hosted a photo-exhibition on Sardegna in Amsterdam.
- 1980: Hosted a photo-exhibition, Photography 1955-1980, at the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam.
- 1981: Hosted Brother Kodak (is watching you), a projection of 70 photographs in the traveling exhibition, No Comment.
- 1987: Hosted photo-exhibition, Photographs 1953-1986, at Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.
- 1988: Hosted photo-exhibition, Photographs 1953-1988, at Centraal Museum, Utrecht, Netherlands.
- 1993: Hosted photo-exhibition, Johan van der Keuken: Photographer and Filmmaker, at the Amsterdam Historical Museum.
- 1997: Hosted photo-exhibition, Body and City, Part One: A Day in La Paz, at the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam.
- 1998: Hosted exhibitions/installations/films, Body and City, at (1) De Balie, Amsterdam; (ii) Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris; (iv) Institut Néerlandais, Paris; (v) Maison de l'Amerique Latine, Paris; (vi) Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris; and (vii) Le Fresnoy National Studio of Performing Arts, (Tourcoing), France.
- 1999: Hosted photo-exhibitions, (1) One Eye at the Camera, The Other of the World: Photographs and Films Exhibition at the Berkeley Art Museum at University of California, Berkeley, and (2) Body and City in New York; Hosted exhibitions/installations/films at (1) Viennale Film Festival, Vienna; (2) Centre de Cultura Contemporània de Barcelona, Spain; and; (3) VOX Centre, Montréal, Canada.
- 2000: Hosted (1) two video-installation in the exhibition, Le Temps, Vite at Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris; and (2) Temps/Travail at Boymans-van Beuningen Museum, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
- 2001: (1) Lichaam & Stad: three parts at the Wexner Center for the Arts, Columbus, Ohio, USA; (2) Bolivia en Temps/Travail, November/December 2001, IDFA, Arti et Amicitiae, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
- 1980: At the Film Museum, Munich, Germany.
- 1988: At the European Documentary Film Festival, Marseilles, France.
- 1999: At (1) French Institute, Athens, Greece; (2) 'E Tudo Verdade' Film Festival, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; (3) San Francisco International Film Festival, California; (4) San Francisco Cinemathèque, California; (5) Pacific Film Archive, Berkeley, California; (6) Kino Arsenal, Berlin, Germany; and (7) Xenix Filmclub Zürich, Switzerland; (8) Filmmaker Festival, Milan, Italy.
- 2000: At (1) the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France; (2) Spoutnik Cinéma Geneva, Switzerland; (3) Barcelona Cinematheque, Madrid, Spain; (4) Cinemateca Espanola, Madrid, Spain; and (5) Cinematheque Ontario, Toronto, Canada.
- 2003: At Encuentros del Otro Cine, Documentary Film Festival, Ecuador.
Books of photographs
- 1955: Wij zijn 17 (We are 17), a book of photographs of postwar Dutch youth taken by Van der Keuken when he was seventeen years old.
- 1957: Achter Glas (Behind Glass), the text of which was written by Remco Campert.
- 1963: Paris Mortel (Mortal Paris).
- 1980: Zien kijken filmen (Seeing, Watching, Filming, ISBN 90-6012-458-8), a book of photographs, writings on film, and interviews in Amsterdam.
- 1987: Abenteuer eines Auges (Adventures of an Eye), a book of photographs, writings on film and interviews at Hamburg, Germany.
- 1991: After Image/Nabeeld (ISBN 9065790128).
- 1998: Aventures d'un regard (Adventures of a Gaze, ISBN 2-86642-221-X), a book of photographs, films, writings and interviews, edited in collaboration with François Albéra, Cahiers du Cinéma, Paris, France.
- 2000: L'Oeil Lucide/The Lucid Eye (ISBN 9074159311).
- 2001: Bewogen Beelden (Moving Images, ISBN 90-445-0168-2).
- 2010: Quatorze Juillet (July Fourteenth, ISBN 978-90-72532-09-1). This contains 32 photographs shot on Bastille Day in Paris in 1958 around the same time as a famous photograph from Paris Mortel of a couple dancing in the street.
- 1982: Hosted first film concert with The Willem Breuker Collective in the series, Willem Breuker meets Johan van der Keuken.
- 1997: Conducted a lecture and presentation on Film on Films, with François Albéra, Documenta X, Kassel, Germany.
- 1999: Was honorary guest at the Flaherty Film Seminar in North Carolina, and Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA.
- 1986: Josef von Sternberg Prize, Mannheim, Germany, for the film I love $ (145 min.).
- 1988: (1) the Dutch Cultural Award for his lifetime work; and (2) the Dutch Photography Award.
- 1990-1991: Dutch Press Prize, Netherlands, for the film Face Value (120 min.).
- 1994: Grand Prix, 5e Biennale Internationale du Film sur l'Art, Paris, France, for the film Lucebert, Time and Farewell (52 min.).
- 1996: (1) the Grolsch Prize at the Dutch Film Festival, Netherlands; (2) first prize at the Munich Festival, Germany; and (3) Award of the Art House Cinemas, France, for the film Amsterdam Global Village.
- 1999: Golden Gate Persistence of Vision Award for his lifetime work at the San Francisco International Film Festival, California, USA.
- 2000: (1) Silver Spire Award, San Francisco International Film Festival; (2) Forum of New Cinema prize, Berlin International Film Festival, Germany; (3) Grand Prix UBS at Visions du Réel for De grote vakantie/The Long Holiday; (4) special honorary award at the Documentary Filmfestival, Thessaloniki, Greece; and (5) Bert Haanstra Award 2000, Amsterdam, Netherlands, for lifetime achievement.
- The Museum of Modern Art to Present Retrospective of Filmmaker Johan Van Der Keuken. April 2001.
- O’Rawe, Des. Cinema Lucida: Johan van der Keuken and the Meaning of Loss. Screening the Past, issue 29, 18 November 2010.
- Directors in focus. Living with your eyes: the world according to Johan van der Keuken. Harvard Film Archive, June 2001.
- Foam Fotografiemuseum Amsterdam. Johan van der Keuken - Pictorial Narratives. 24 September - 8 December 2010.
- Stone, Judy. A filmmaker's vision of many worlds. S.F. fest honoring Dutch director Johan van der Keuken. San Francisco Examiner, 22 April 1999.
- Visions du Réel. Archives.