יוֹחָנָן (Yôḥānān) is a shortened form of יְהוֹחָנָן (Yəhôḥānān), meaning "Yahweh is gracious".
Transliterations and adaptations
There is no difference in meaning between the various transliterations (Yohanan, Yochanan, and Johanan); in the absence of a generally agreed transliteration method for Hebrew, the name of the same individual may be transliterated differently by different sources. The form Johanan is traditional in English-language Bible translations of the Hebrew Bible.
In the New Testament, the Greek adaptation of the Hebrew name is Ἰωάννης (Iōánnēs), the name used for both John the Baptist and John the Apostle. In the Latin Vulgate this was originally transliterated as Iohannes (or Johannes – in Latin, J is the same letter as I). The presence of an h, not found in the Greek adaptation, shows awareness of the Hebrew origin. Later editions of the Vulgate, such as the Clementine Vulgate, have Ioannes, however.
Various adaptations to other languages, such as the English name John, became common male given names in the Christian world, and further adaptations to make the name female, such as Joanna, also became common female given names.
People of that name
In the Bible
- Johanan, son of Jojada, a high priest mentioned in the Book of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 12:22-23) who is fourth in the line of high priests after Jeshua, who returned from the Babylonian captivity with Zerubbabel
- Johanan, son of Kareah, mentioned as a leader of the army who led the remnant of the population of the Kingdom of Judah to Egypt for safety (against the advice of Jeremiah – see Jeremiah 42:8-22), after the Babylonian dismantling of the kingdom in 586 BC and the subsequent assassination of Gedaliah, the Babylon-appointed Jewish governor (2 Kings 25:23-26, Jeremiah 43:5-7)
- Jehohanan, a man put to death by crucifixion in the 1st century CE, whose ossuary was found in 1968 in northern East Jerusalem
- Johanan ben Bag-Bag, one of the tannaim, who is mentioned several times in the Talmud
- Johanan HaSandlar (c. 200–c. 300), one of the tannaim, whose teachings are quoted in the core text of Rabbinical Judaism, the Mishnah
- Yochanan bar Nafcha (died c. 279), a rabbi in the early era of the Talmud
- Johanan ben Nuri, one of the tannaim of the 1st and 2nd centuries, frequently cited in the Mishnah
- Johanan ben Zakai (c. 30–90), one of the tannaim, widely regarded as one of the most important Jewish figures in the era of the Second Temple and a primary contributor to the Mishnah
- Yochanan Afek (born 1952), Israeli chess player
- Yohanan Aharoni (1919–1976), Israeli archaeologist and historical geographer
- Yohanan Alemanno (c. 1435–after 1504), Italian Jewish humanist philosopher and exegete
- Yohanan Bader (1901–1994), Revisionist Zionist leader and Israeli politician
- Yohanan Cohen (born 1917), Israeli former politician and diplomat
- Yohanan Danino (born 1959), chief of the Israel Police
- Yohanan Friedmann (born 1936), Israeli scholar of Islamic studies
- Yohanan Levi (1901–1945), Hebrew linguist and historian
- Yochanan Muffs (1932–2009), American–Jewish professor of the Bible and religion
- Yohanan Petrovsky-Shtern (born 1962), historian, philologist and essayist
- Yohanan Plesner (born 1972), Israeli politician
- Yohanan Simon (born 1905), Israeli painter
- Yochanan Sofer (born 1923), Rebbe (leader) of the Erlau Hasidic dynasty
- Yochanan Vollach (born 1945), Israeli former footballer and businessman
- Jose ben Jochanan, Nasi (president) of the Sanhedrin in the 2nd century BCE
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