Yohanan

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Yohanan, Yochanan and Johanan are various transliterations to the Latin alphabet of the Hebrew male given name יוֹחָנָן.

Etymology[edit]

יוֹחָנָן (Yôḥānān) is a shortened form of יְהוֹחָנָן (Yəhôḥānān), meaning "Yahweh is gracious".

Transliterations and adaptations[edit]

There is no difference in meaning between the various transliterations (Yohanan, Yochanan, and Johanan); in the absence of a generally agreed transliteration method for Hebrew, the name of the same individual may be transliterated differently by different sources. The form Johanan is traditional in English-language Bible translations of the Hebrew Bible.

In the New Testament, the Greek adaptation of the Hebrew name is Ἰωάννης (Iōánnēs), the name used for both John the Baptist and John the Apostle. In the Latin Vulgate this was originally transliterated as Iohannes (or Johannes – in Latin, J is the same letter as I). The presence of an h, not found in the Greek adaptation, shows awareness of the Hebrew origin. Later editions of the Vulgate, such as the Clementine Vulgate, have Ioannes, however.

Various adaptations to other languages, such as the English name John, became common male given names in the Christian world, and further adaptations to make the name female, such as Joanna, also became common female given names.[1]

People of that name[edit]

In the Bible[edit]

Ancient era[edit]

  • Yochanan bar Nafcha (died c. 279), a rabbi in the early era of the Talmud
  • Johanan ben Nuri, one of the tannaim of the 1st and 2nd centuries, frequently cited in the Mishnah
  • Johanan ben Zakai (c. 30–90), one of the tannaim, widely regarded as one of the most important Jewish figures in the era of the Second Temple and a primary contributor to the Mishnah

Modern period[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hanks, Patrick; Hardcastle, Kate; Hodges, Flavia (2006). A Dictionary of First Names. Oxford Paperback Reference (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 146. ISBN 978-0-19-861060-1.