Johann Ambrosius Bach

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Johann Ambrosius Bach, 1685

Johann Ambrosius Bach (4 March [O.S. 22 February] 1645 – 2 March 1695 [O.S. 20 February]) was a German musician, father to Johann Sebastian Bach.[1][2]

The son of Christoph Bach (1613–1661), Ambrosius was born in Erfurt, Germany, as the twin brother of Johann Christoph Bach (1645–1693). Ambrosius was employed as a violinist in Erfurt.

In 1671, he moved his family to Eisenach, in present-day Thuringia, where he was employed as a court trumpeter and director of the town musicians. He married his first wife Maria Elisabeth Lämmerhirt on 1 April 1668, and had eight children by her, four of whom became musicians, including Johann Sebastian. She was buried on 3 May 1694. On 27 November 1694 he married Barbara Margaretha, née Keul (she had already been twice widowed). He died in Eisenach less than three months later.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wolff, Christoph (2000). Johann Sebastian Bach: The Learned Musician. New York: Norton. pp. 16–17. ISBN 0-393-32256-4. 
  2. ^ Rollberg, Friß (1927). "Johann Ambrosius Bach. Stadtpfeifer zu Eisenach von 1671–1695". Bach Jahrbuch: 133–152. 

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