Nauck was one of the most distinguished textual critics of his day, although, like PH Peerlkamp, he was fond of altering a text in accordance with what he thought the author must, or ought to, have written.
The most important of his writings and translations, all of which deal with Greek language and literature (especially the tragedians) are the following:
Euripides, Tragedies and Fragments (1854, 3rd ed., 1871)
Studio, Euripidea (1859–1862)
Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta (1856, last ed., 1889), his chief work