Johann Christian Senckenberg in front of Theatrum anatomicum und das Bürgerhospital, Frankfurt. Painting by Anton Wilhelm Tischbein
Johann Christian Senckenberg (28 February 1707 – 15 November 1772) was a German physician, naturalist and collector.
Senckenberg was born in Frankfurt am Main. In 1763 he established the Senckenberg Foundation to support natural sciences. This founded the Botanischer Garten der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat Frankfurt am Main.
His name is honoured in the Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung (Senckenberg Natural History Society) which he endowed, Frankfurt University Library, and Naturmuseum Senckenberg.