Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (September 2012)|
|John Ernst III|
|Duke of Saxe-Weimar|
|Predecessor||Johann Ernst II|
|Successor||Ernst August I|
|Spouse||Sophie Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst
Charlotte Dorothea Sofie of Hesse-Homburg
|Issue||Prince Johann Wilhelm, Hereditary Duke of Saxe-Weimar
Ernst August I
Princess Eleonore Christiane
Princess Johanna Auguste
Princess Johanna Charlotte
Prince Karl Frederick
Prince Johann Ernst
Princess Marie Luise
Princess Christiane Sophie
|House||House of Wettin|
|Father||Johann Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar|
|Mother||Christine Elisabeth of Holstein-Sonderburg|
22 June 1664|
|Died||10 May 1707
After the death of his father in 1683, he inherited the duchy of Saxe-Weimar with his older brother Wilhelm Ernst as co-ruler (Mitherr).
Johann Ernst was an alcoholic; this, and his non-interest in the government, was taken advantage of by his brother, who became the only, autocratic, ruler of the duchy. However, until the time of his death, Johann Ernst served as co-duke, without any significant influence on the government.
From March to July 1703, J. S. Bach was appointed to be court musician at Weimar. He wrote the Organ Concerto No.1 in G Major, BWV 592, and Concerto for Organ solo in C major, BWV 595, after a theme by his son, Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar.
- Johann Wilhelm (b. Weimar, 4 June 1686 - d. Weimar, 14 October 1686).
- Ernst August I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (b. Weimar, 19 April 1688 - d. Eisenach, 19 January 1748), later inherited Eisenach and Jena.
- Eleonore Christiane (b. Weimar, 15 April 1689 - d. Weimar, 7 February 1690).
- Johanna Auguste (b. Weimar, 6 July 1690 - d. Weimar, 24 August 1691).
- Johanna Charlotte (b. Weimar, 23 November 1693 - d. Weimar, 2 March 1751).
- Karl Friedrich (b. Weimar, 31 October 1695 - d. Weimar, 30 March 1696).
- Johann Ernst (b. Weimar, 25 December 1696 - d. Frankfurt, 1 August 1715), a composer who studied with Bach and of whose concertos Bach made transcriptions .
- Marie Luise (b. Weimar, 18 December 1697 - d. Weimar, 29 December 1704).
- Christiane Sophie (b. Weimar, 7 April 1700 - d. Weimar, 18 February 1701).
After Johann Ernst's death, his successor and eldest son, Ernst August, was nominally given his father's power, but the real power was retained by his uncle, Wilhelm Ernst, until his death in 1728, when Ernst August became the sole reigning duke of Saxe-Weimar.
|Ancestors of Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar|
- "Johann Sebastian Bach". HOASM. Retrieved 2010-08-18.
- "Bach, J. S.: Weimar I (1703)". .nau.edu. Retrieved 2010-08-18.
- "Bach: Orgelkonzerte BWV 592-596 / Johannes-Ernst Köhler". HBDirect. 1998-05-19. Retrieved 2010-08-18.
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2010)|
- "Organ Concerto No.1 in G Major, BWV 592", Marie-Claire Alain, YouTube
Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-WeimarBorn: 22 June 1664 Died: 10 May 1707
Johann Ernst II
|Duke of Saxe-Weimar
With: Wilhelm Ernst
Ernst August I