Among his written works was a 1753 publication on the "elements of obstetrics" titled Elementa artis obstetriciae in usum auditorum, and a treatise involving observations made with Carl Gottlieb Wagler (1731–1778) on the typhoid epidemic at Göttingen (1757–1763). He was a member of the Académie Royale de Chirurgie, and in 1757, was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
His name is associated with the obstetrical term: Roederer-Kopfhaltung (Roederer-head position).
He died in Paris on April 4, 1763 at the age of 36. After his death, his position at Göttingen was filled by Heinrich August Wrisberg (1739–1808).