Johann Friedrich August Göttling

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Johann Friedrich August Gottling
Born (1753-06-05)June 5, 1753
Derenburg, Prussia
Died September 1, 1809(1809-09-01) (aged 56)
Jena, Saxe-Weimar
Nationality German
Fields Chemist
Doctoral advisor Johann Christian Wiegleb
Doctoral students Karl Wilhelm Gottlob Kastner

Johann Friedrich August Göttling (5 June 1753 – 1 September 1809) was a notable German chemist.

Gottling developed and sold chemical assay kits and studied processes for extracting sugar from beets [1] to supplement his meagre university salary. He studied the chemistry of sulphur, arsenic, phosphorus, and mercury.[1] He wrote texts on analytical chemistry and studied oxidation of organic compounds by nitric acid. He was one of first in Germany to take a stand against the phlogiston hypothesis and in favor of the new chemistry of Lavoisier.[1]

Biography[edit]

He studied pharmacy at Langensalza under Johann Christian Wiegleb, and from 1775 worked at the Hofapotheke (court pharmacy) in Weimar.[1][2] From 1785, Göttling studied natural sciences at the University of Göttingen. In 1789, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe appointed him extraordinary professor of philosophy with teaching duties in chemistry at the University of Jena.

He was notably the teacher of Karl Wilhelm Gottlob Kastner.

Selected works[edit]

  • Praktische Vortheile und Verbesserungen verschiedener pharmaceutisch-chemischer Operationen für Apotheker, 1783.
  • Chemische Bemerkungen über das phosphorsaure Quecksilber und Hrn. Hahnemanns schwarzen Quecksilberkalk, 1795.
  • Handbuch der theoretischen und praktischen Chemie, 1798.[3]

References[edit]

  • K. Hufbauer, The Formation of the German Chemical Community (1720-1795), University of California Press, 1982, pp. 207–208.
  • Pharmazie, 1962, 17, pp. 624–634.
  • Neue Deutsche Biographie, Duncker & Humblot: 1953-1990, 6, pp. 580–581.
  • Duncker & Humblot (1964), "Gottling, Johann Friedrich August", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German) (Berlin: Duncker & Humblot) 6: 580–581 
  • Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Ärzte, Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1962, 2, p. 787.
  • Dictionaire des Sciences Medicales Biographie Medicale, C. L. F. Panoucke, 1820-1822, 4, pp. 473–474.
  1. ^ a b c d Göttling , Johann Friedrich August @ NDB/ADB Deutsche Biographie
  2. ^ Chemische Probierkabinette Aus der Einführung zu "Chemische Probierkabinette" von Prof. Dr. Georg Schwedt
  3. ^ OCLC WorldCat (publications)