Johann Joachim Kändler
Kändler was born in Fischbach near Arnsdorf, Germany. After apprenticing at the sculptor Thomae in Dresden, he became assistant of Johann Jakob Kirchner at Meissen porcelain, and succeeded him as "modelmaster" in 1733 when Kirchner resigned. His models were heavy on rococo style, leading a porcelain trend of the day.
Kändler was appointed court sculptor by Augustus II the Strong in 1731. He became known for his animal sculptures including one of Clara the rhinoceros. His figures of Italian Comedy characters, principally Harlequins, give a more evocative sense of this form of theatre than most illustrations. A sample of such work (1738–43) can seen on the sixth floor, Ceramics, of the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. Other museums containing Kändler's work include the Birmingham Museum of Art, the Getty Museum, the National Gallery of Art, and the Rijksmuseum. In Germany you can find his sculptures in the Bavarian National Museum and the Dresden Porcelain Collection at Zwinger Palace.
Candelabrum from the Sulkowsky service, 1736, Dallas Museum of Art
Italian Comedy figures, c. 1736-1744, Birmingham Museum of Art
Nymph with confectionery plate, c. 1737-1741, by Kändler and Johann Friedrich Eberlein
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- Biographical information from the Getty Museum
- "Kändler, Johann Joachim." The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts. Volumne 2. Oxford University Press, 2006. pg. 535-536