Johann Reinhard II, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg

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Count Johann Reinhard II
Johann Reinhard II Hanau.jpg
Count Johann Reinhard II, engraving by Peter Aubrey, Strasbourg
Spouse(s) Anna Magdalena, Countess Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler
Noble family House of Hanau
Father Philipp Wolfgang, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Mother Johanna of Oettingen-Oettingen
Born 23 January  [O.S. 13 January]  1628
Buchsweiler
Died 25 April 1666(1666-04-25) (aged 38)
Bischofsheim am Hohen Steg
Buried Lichtenberg Castle

Count Johann Reinhard II of Hanau-Lichtenberg ( 2 February  [O.S. 23 January]  1628, Buchsweiler – 25 April 1666, Bischofsheim am Hohen Steg) was a younger son of Count Philipp Wolfgang of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1595–1641) and Countess Johanna of Oettingen-Oettingen (d. 1639).

Ordinal number[edit]

Although he was a younger son and never a reigning count, he is usually referred to as Johann Reinhard (II) in the relevant literature. He was the grandson of reigning Johann Reinhard I, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1559–1626) and the father of reigning Johann Reinhard III, Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1665–1736), but he never reigned himself. To indicate that he was not ruling Count, the ordinal number is sometimes placed in parenthesis after his name.

Life[edit]

He was sent, together with his brother Johann Philipp, on a Grand Tour to Germany, the Netherlands, England, France and Switzerland. He then visited the Reichstag in Nuremberg in 1650, which was devoted to the problems of enforcing the Peace of Westphalia.

His father's testament awarded him the District of Lichtenau in Hesse and Bischofsheim am Hohen Steg as a residence. In 1653, he participated in the Reichstag in Regensburg.

Johann Reinhard died on 25 April 1666 and was buried in the vault in Lichtenberg Castle. Two funeral sermons were published: one by Georg Linus, General Superintendent of the county of Hanau, with a contribution of Philipp Jacob Spener[1] and another which included a contribution by Quirinus Moscherosch.[2]

Marriage and issue[edit]

On 19 October 1659, he married in Bischweiler (now Bischwiller, France) Countess Palatine Anna Magdalena of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler (1640–1693). They had five children:

  • Johanna Magdalena (born: 18 December 1660 in Bischofsheim am Hohen Steg; died: August 21, 1715). She is said to have been buried in the St. Mary's Church in Hanau [3]
married on 5 December 1685 to Count Johann Karl August (born: 17 March 1662; died: 3 November 1698).
married on 27 September 1697 to Count Friedrich Ludwig of Nassau-Saarbrücken-Ottweiler (born: 13 November 1651; died: 25 May 1728)
  • Franziska Albertina (born: 1 May 1663 in Bischofsheim am Hohen Steg, died 1736 in Ottweiler); unmarried,
  • Philipp Reinhard (born: 2 August 1664 in Bischofsheim am Hohen Steg; died: 4 October 1712 at Philippsruhe Castle in Hanau)
  • Johann Reinhard III (born: 31 July 1665 in Bischofsheim am Hohen Steg; died: 28 March 1736 in Philippsruhe Castle).

Furthermore, Johann Reinhard had an extramarital affair with Maria Magdalena von Lindenau (also: Lindau). Maria Magdalena (died after 1680)[4] was the daughter of Lieutenant Colonel von Lindenau (died: 1 December 1640) who had earlier served in the Swedish army and was appointed commander of the Fortress Hanau as successor of Johann Winter von Güldenborn. After his death, he was succeeded by Karl Kasimir von Landras.[5] Johann Reinhard and Maria Magdalena had at least one son:

  • Johann Reinhard von Lichtenfels (born: 1656 or earlier;[6] died after 1689 [7])

Johann Reinhard von Lichtenfels resided in Duisburg in 1680.[8] The latest evidence comes from 1689.[9] Johan Reinhard von Lichtenfels served in the military of the Roman Catholic Bishopric of Münster and died without heirs.

Ancestors[edit]

References[edit]

  • Georg Friedrich Dhein: Sammlungen zur Hanauer Geschichte, 7 volumes, unpublished. (After a typescript (partial) copy from the City Library Hanau, department Hanau-Hesse, signature: I b 2 D).
  • Reinhard Dietrich: Die Landesverfassung in dem Hanauischen = Hanauer Geschichtsblätter, vol. 34, Hanau, 1996, ISBN 3-9801933-6-5
  • Katalog der Leichenpredigten und sonstigen Trauerschriften im Hessisches Staatsarchiv Darmstadt = Marburger Personalschriftenforschungen, vol. 13, Sigmaringen, 1991.
  • Rudolf Lenz: Katalog der Leichenpredigten und sonstigen Trauerschriften in der Hessischen Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek Darmstadt = Marburger Personalschriftenforschungen, vol 11, Sigmaringen, 1990.
  • Wilhelm Morhardt: Hanau alt's - in Ehren b'halt's - Die Grafen von Hanau-Lichtenberg in Geschichte und Geschichten = Babenhausen einst und jetzt, vol. 10, Babenhausen, 1984.
  • Reinhard Suchier: Genealogie des Hanauer Grafenhauses, in: Festschrift des Hanauer Geschichtsvereins zu seiner fünfzigjährigen Jubelfeier am 27. August 1894, Hanau, 1894.
  • Reinhard Suchier: Die Grabmonumente und Särge der in Hanau bestatteten Personen aus den Häusern Hanau und Hessen, in: Programm des Königlichen Gymnasiums zu Hanau, Hanau, 1879, p. 1 - 56.
  • Ernst J. Zimmermann: Hanau Stadt und Land, 3rd ed., Hanau, 1919, reprinted 1978.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ evidence: Catalogue, No. 69
  2. ^ Rudolf Lenz: Katalog der Leichenpredigten und sonstigen Trauerschriften in der Hessischen Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek Darmstadt, #155
  3. ^ Suchier, Grabmonumente, p. 53
  4. ^ there is a prescription by Johann Reinhard to her and her son's from that year: Hessisches Staatsarchiv Marburg, file O.I.a of 3 May 1658 and 12 February 1680
  5. ^ Georg Friedrich Dhein: Hanauer history collections, vol. 4, sheet 15
  6. ^ Hessisches Staatsarchiv Marburg, file 86: Supplements from Hanau, No. 30 644: child support payments for the years 1656 to 1658
  7. ^ Hessisches Staatsarchiv Marburg, file O.I.a of 22 May 1689
  8. ^ Hessisches Staatsarchiv Marburg, file O.I.a of 12 February 1680
  9. ^ Hessisches Staatsarchiv Marburg, stock file O.I.a of 22 Mai 1689. Other documents relating to him there, are dated 24 May 1680, 26 December 1685 and 16 April 1689