Johann Schober

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Johann Schober
Johann Schober.jpg
3rd Chancellor of Austria
In office
21 June 1921 – 26 January 1922
President Michael Hainisch
Deputy Walter Breisky
Preceded by Michael Mayr
Succeeded by Walter Breisky (acting)
5th Chancellor of Austria
In office
27 January 1922 – 31 May 1922
President Michael Hainisch
Deputy Walter Breisky
Preceded by Walter Breisky (acting)
Succeeded by Ignaz Seipel
10th Chancellor of Austria
In office
26 September 1929 – 30 September 1930
President Wilhelm Miklas
Deputy Carl Vaugoin
Preceded by Ernst Streeruwitz
Succeeded by Carl Vaugoin
Personal details
Born (1874-11-14)14 November 1874
Perg, Upper Austria
Died 19 August 1932(1932-08-19) (aged 57)
Baden bei Wien, Lower Austria
Political party Non-partisan
Alma mater University of Vienna
Profession Public official

Johann Schober (14 November 1874 – 19 August 1932) was an Austrian police official who served three times as Chancellor of Austria (his initial term being interrupted by two days in office for Walter Breisky).

Early career[edit]

Schober served with the Austrian police becoming President in 1918 immediately prior to the fall of the Habsburg Monarchy. Schober maintained loyalty to Austria after the breakup of Austria-Hungary but also ensured a safe passage for the royal family out of the country, winning praise for his moderation and his role in a smooth transfer of power into the bargain.[1]

Largely considered a safe pair of hands by the Allies, he was chosen to head a coalition government in 1921 with the support of the Christian Social Party and the Greater German People's Party.[1] Combining his head of government role with that of Foreign Minister of Austria, he concluded the Treaty of Lány with Czechoslovakia, although this brought about the downfall of his government as the Pan-Germans saw agreements with Czechoslovakia as a bar to a future union with Germany.[1]

Interpol[edit]

Schober gained international recognition for his work in police administration, becoming known as the "Father of Interpol". In his role as President of the Police in Vienna, Schober convened, in 1923, the International Criminal Police Congress in his home city, attracting representatives from nineteen different countries to the event. At the meeting it was agreed to establish the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) and draw up a ten article constitution for the body. Austria had offered to both host and finance the event and so Vienna was chosen as the congress site, whilst Austria's police enjoyed a strong reputation for their work on keeping records on international criminals at that time. Schober was chosen as the President of the Executive Committee whilst his countryman Dr Oskar Dressler, a noted lawyer and at the time the Austrian Federal Police chief, became Secretary. [2]

July Revolt[edit]

With his governing coalition ended Schober returned to his role as President of police, although his reputation for moderation was hit hard in July 1927 when his orders resulted in the deaths of almost 100 labour protestors in Vienna.[1] The noted satirist Karl Kraus was so incensed by the police actions that he started a poster campaign calling for Schober's resignation.[3]

Chancellor[edit]

Schober returned as Chancellor-Foreign Minister from September 1929 to September 1930 and then Vice-Chancellor-Foreign Minister from December 1930 to January 1932, successively serving Carl Vaugoin, Otto Ender and Karl Buresch. In March 1931 he agreed a Customs union with Germany, although pressure from France and Czechoslovakia saw the plan vetoed.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Profile on Rulers
  2. ^ Brief History of Interpol
  3. ^ Edward Timms, Karl Kraus, Apocalyptic Satirist: The Postwar Crisis and the Rise of the Swastika, 2005

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Michael Mayr
Chancellor of Austria & Foreign Minister
1921-1922
Succeeded by
Walter Breisky (acting)
Preceded by
Walter Breisky (acting)
Chancellor of Austria & Foreign Minister
1922
Succeeded by
Ignaz Seipel
Preceded by
Ernst Streeruwitz
Chancellor of Austria & Foreign Minister
1930-1931
Succeeded by
Carl Vaugoin
Preceded by
None
President of Interpol
1923-1932
Succeeded by
Franz Brandl