Johann Schobert

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Johann Schobert (c. 1720, 1735 or 1740 – 28 August 1767) was a composer and harpsichordist. His date of birth is given variously as about 1720, about 1735, or about 1740, his place of birth as Silesia, Alsace, or Nuremberg.[1]

In 1760 or '61, Schobert moved to Paris where he served in the household of Louis François I de Bourbon, prince de Conti. He composed many books of sonatas for his instrument, most of them with an accompanying part for one or more other instruments. Schobert also wrote harpsichord concertos, symphonies and the opéra comique Le Garde-Chasse et le Braconnier.

In Paris, Schobert came into contact with Leopold Mozart. Reportedly, Schobert was offended by Mozart's comments that his children played Schobert's works with ease. Nevertheless, Schobert was a significant influence on the young Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who arranged a number of movements from Schobert's sonatas for use in his own piano concertos.[2]

Schobert died in Paris, along with his wife, one of their children, a maidservant and four acquaintances, after insisting that certain poisonous mushrooms were edible.

Works[edit]

op. 1 - 2 Sonatas for Harpsichord, Violine ad libitum

op. 2 - 2 Sonatas for Harpsichord, with violin obbligato

op. 3 - 2 Sonatas for Harpsichord, Violin ad libitum

op. 4 - 2 Sonatas for Harpsichord

op. 5 - 2 Sonatas for Harpsichord, Violin ad libitum

op. 6 - 3 Triosonatas for Harpsichord, Violin and Violoncello ad libitum

op. 7 - 3 Sonatas en quatuor, Harpsichord, 2 Violins and Violoncello ad libitum

op. 8 - 2 Sonatas for Harpsichord with Violin obbligato

op. 9 - 3 Sinfonies for Harpsichord, Violine and 2 Horns ad libitum

op. 10 - 3 Sinfonies for Harpsichord, Violin and 2 Horns ad libitum

op. 11 - Concerto I for Harpsichord, 2 Violins, Viola, Violoncello, 2 Horns ad libitum

op. 12 - Concerto II for Harpsichord, 2 Violins, Viola, Violoncello, 2 Oboes, 2 Horns ad libitum

op. 13 - Concerto III pastorale for Harpsichord, 2 Violins, 2 Horns ad libitum, Viola, Violoncello

op. 14 - 6 Sonatas for Harpsichord, Violine ad libitum (Nr. 1 with Violin and Viola ad libitum)

op. 15 - Concerto IV for Harpsichord, Violine and 2 Horns ad libitum

op. 16 - 4 Sonatas for Harpsichord, Violin and Violoncello

op. 17 - 4 Sonatas for Harpsichord, Violin

op. 18 - Concerto V for Harpsichord and 2 Violins

op. 19 - 2 Sonatas for Harpsichord or Pianoforte, Violin (posthumous)

op. 20 - 3 Sonatas for Harpsichord and Violin (probably by T. Giordani)

(New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians)

Sources[edit]

  • Article on Johann Schobert in the German Wikipedia
  • Article on Johann Schobert in the French Wikipedia
  • The Grove Concise Dictionary of Music, Oxford University Press 1994.
  • Herbert C. Turrentine. "Schobert, Johann." Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, accessed November 7, 2013, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/subscriber/article/grove/music/25017.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Herbert C. Turrentine. "Schobert, Johann." Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, accessed November 7, 2013, http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/subscriber/article/grove/music/25017.
  2. ^ H. V. F. Somerset, "Johann Schobert and His Influence on the Music of Mozart" The Musical Times 72 No. 1063 (September 1, 1931):785-789).

External links[edit]