Queen Marau

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Marau
Queen of Tahiti
MarauPomare01.jpg
Spouse Pōmare V
Issue Teri'i nui o Tahiti
Ariimanihinihini
Ernest Albert Salmon
Full name
Johanna Marau Ta'aroa a Tepau Salmon
Father Alexander Salmon
Mother Ari'i Taima'i
Born (1860-04-24)24 April 1860
Died 4 February 1935(1935-02-04) (aged 74)
Papeete, Tahiti
Burial Uranie Cemetery[1]
Signature

Johanna Marau Ta'aroa a Tepau Salmon (1860 – 1934). Her name means "Much-unique-cleansing The-splash" in Tahitian.[2][3]

Life[edit]

Family[edit]

Marau at fifteen years old, around the time she married.

She was born in 1860 to Alexander Salmon (Solomon), an English Jewish merchant, and Princess Oehau, later given the title ari‘i Taimai, their third daughter and seventh child.[4][5][6][7] Her mother was the adoptive daughter of King Pōmare II's widow, the mother of Pōmare III and Pōmare IV. Considered one of the highest ranking chiefesses in the land, she was head of the Teva clan, the traditional rivals of the Pōmare family, and descended from Chief Amo and Queen Purea who received the first European explorer to Tahiti Samuel Wallis in 1767. In 1846, Ariitamai was considered a rival candidate to throne by the French governor Armand Joseph Bruat in the event that Queen Pōmare IV did not to return from her self-imposed exile to Raiatea and comply with a French protectorate over Tahiti.

Her parents had ten children. Marau's siblings were: brothers Tepau, Tati, Ariipaea, and Narii; and sisters Titaua, Moetia, Beretania, and Manihinihi; see family tree. Her family were considered royalty by Tahitians. Marau's relation with her siblings shattered in the aftermath of their mother's death which culminated in a seven-year long feud and lawsuit battle over their mother's lands and possessions. She was able to reconcile with her siblings and drop the lawsuits in 1904. She and her sister Moetia survived all their siblings and died only months apart.

Education[edit]

Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh in Tahiti with Titaua Brander resting on his knee

The Salmon children, and their relatives from the Brander family, attended schools in Europe[8] or Australia.[9] From the late 1860s, Marau was educated in Sydney, Australia. She attended a private school operated by Miss Fallow in the city until she went home to Tahiti to marry.[10] Her brother Narii and nephews John and Alexander Brander, who were the sons of her older sister Titaua, had preceded her to Sydney and commenced at Newington College in 1867.[11] The boys had had arrived by ship in Sydney on 29 October of that year with two native servants.[12] Marau arrived in Sydney sometime after that as it is reported that she attended the picnic on 12 March 1868 at Clontarf where Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, was wounded in the back by a revolver fired by Henry James O'Farrell. The Duke visited Tahiti in 1870 and met Marau's sister, Titaua Brander.

Marriage[edit]

In January 28, 1875, she married Crown Prince Ariiaue, the future King Pōmare V, at Papeete.[2] She was only fourteen years old, and he was many years her senior and had been married and divorced before to Teuhe, who later became Queen of Huahine in her own right. The marriage was an unhappy arrangement and the couple constantly fought.

When her mother-in-law died, the two had separated. The French Admiral Paul Serre persuaded them to make peace. They were crowned King and Queen of Tahiti in September 24, 1877 with the approval of the Legislative Assembly of Tahiti and the French. She and Pōmare had three children, but it was agree that her husband's niece Princess Teriivaetua (daughter of his second brother King Tamatoa V of Raiatea); and his nephew Prince Hinoi (son of his fourth brother Prince Joinville) would be ahead of any children of Queen Marau in order to secure a pure-Tahitian heir to the throne, which is strange considering the fact that Prince Hinoi's mother was half-English.[6]:161 They were:

Queen Marau and Hawaiian princess Abigail Kawānanakoa.
  1. Teri'i-nui-o-Tahiti Te-vahine-taora-te-rito-ma-te-ra'i Teri'ia'e-tua, (March 9, 1879 — October 29, 1961)[2][4][13][14]
  2. Ari'i-manihinihi Te-vahine-rere-atua-i-Fareia, (January 4, 1887 — June 27, 1976)[2][4][15]
  3. Ernest Albert Teri'i-na-vaho-roa-i-te-tua-i-Hauviri Tetua-nui-marua-i-te-ra' i Aro-roa-i-te-mavana-o-Tu Te pau, (May 15, 1888 — December 4, 1961)[2][4]

Queen Marau traveled to Paris in 1884 where she was greatly received. Her fashion style was admired and copied by many Parisian society women. After Paris, it seems she toured other parts of France and possibly Europe before returning to Tahiti. On her voyage home, she fell in love with a French naval officer by whom she had her two younger children. The marriage ended in divorce in July 27, 1887; the king repudiated their two younger children, and in retaliation, the queen denied his paternity of all three.[4]

In later life she became acquainted with American writer Henry Adams who wrote a biography of her mother and herself.[16]

She died in February 4, 1935.[17]

Family tree[edit]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tombe de la reine Marau". Tahiti Heritage. Retrieved 6 May 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Teuira Henry, John Muggridge Orsmond (1928). Ancient Tahiti 48. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum. p. 250. 
  3. ^ Robert D. Craig (2002). Historical Dictionary of Polynesia 39 (2 ed.). Scarecrow Press. pp. 126–127. ISBN 0-8108-4237-8. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Christopher Buyers Page 5. "Tahiti: The Pomare Dynasty Genealogy". Royal Ark web site. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  5. ^ "Jew or Not Jew: Queen Mara'u". Jew or Not Jew. Retrieved 2011-09-09. 
  6. ^ a b Constance Gordon-Cumming (1882). A Lady's Cruise in a French Man-of-War. William Blackwood and Sons. 
  7. ^ George Biddle (1968). Tahitian Journal. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-5708-4. 
  8. ^ "LADY BRASSEY'S CRUISE TO TAHITI IN THE SUNBEAM.". The World's News (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 1955) (Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia). 2 March 1940. p. 6. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  9. ^ "Ancient Race has Permeated Empire.". The World's News (Sydney, NSW : 1901 - 1955) (Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia). 6 October 1937. p. 5. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  10. ^ "MARAU TAAROA.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 29 June 1935. p. 11. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  11. ^ Newington College Register of Past Students 1863-1998 (Syd, 1999)
  12. ^ "SHIPPING.". Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875) (Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia). 30 October 1867. p. 4. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "Splendor of Tahiti Is Gone". San Jose News. July 2, 1938. 
  14. ^ "To Charm Or Not To Charm". Eugene Register-Guard. May 11, 1938. 
  15. ^ "Tahitian Princess Here – Ariimahinihini Pomare, Daughter of Late King Pomare". The Day. Aug 10, 1903. 
  16. ^ Henry Adams, Marau Taaroa (1901). Memoirs of Arii Taimai e Marama of Eimeo, Teriirere of Tooarai, Teriinui of Tahiti. 
  17. ^ "Queen Joanna of Tahiti Finds Peaceful End to a Stormy, Romantic Career". The Milwaukee Journal. March 18, 1935. 
  • Fischer, Stephen. 2005. Island at the End of the World: The Turbulent History of Easter Island. Reaktion Books ISBN 1-86189-282-9

Further reading[edit]