Johannes Baptista Montanus

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Giovanni Battista da Monte
Johannes Baptista Montanus.jpg
Born 1498
Verona
Died May 6, 1551(1551-05-06) (aged 53)
Padua
Nationality Italian
Fields Medicine
Institutions University of Padua
Doctoral advisor Niccolò Leoniceno
Other academic advisors Marco Musuro
Pietro Pomponazzi
Doctoral students John Caius
Johannes Crato von Krafftheim
Other notable students Bassiano Landi
Andreas Vesalius
Known for Clinical observation

Johannes Baptista Montanus (1498 – May 6, 1551) is the Latinized name of Giovanni Battista Monte, or Gian Battista da Monte, one of the leading humanist physicians of Italy. Montanus promoted the revival of Greek medical texts and practice, producing revisions of Galen as well as of Islamic-influenced medical texts by Rhazes and Avicenna. He was himself a medical writer and was regarded as a second Galen.

Montanus was born in Verona, and became a friend of the pioneering anatomist Andreas Vesalius.[1] He introduced autopsies as a means of acquiring anatomical data, and established the first permanent anatomical theatre, where Vesalius, Gabriele Falloppio, Hieronymus Fabricius and others carried out studies.

Montanus became a professor of practical medicine at Ferrara and at the University of Padua in 1539. His greatest innovation was to introduce clinical medicine into the curriculum as a way to integrate medical theory and practice.[2] His students included John Caius, one of the most eminent physicians of the 16th century and a court physician of Edward VI,[3] and Valentinus Lublinus.[4] Lublinus was one of several former students who drew attention to their teacher's method by publishing his lectures and notes after his death. The new field of clinical medicine then began to attract students from northern Europe.[5]

In 1545, he helped establish the first botanical garden in Padua.[6] He died in Padua.

Selected works[edit]

  • De excrementis.
  • De uterinis affectibus. 1556.
  • In nonum librum Rhasis ad R[egem] Almansorem lectiones restitutae a Ioanne Cratone. Basel 1562.
  • Medicina universa ("Comprehensive Medicine"), three volumes compiled from his lectures and notes. Frankfurt 1587.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burgersdijk & Niermans Auction catalogue, number 318, lot 1445, online and archived.
  2. ^ Paul F. Grendler, The Universities of the Italian Renaissance (The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004), pp. 341–342 online.
  3. ^ Elizabeth Lane Furdell, The Royal Doctors, 1485–1714: Medical Personnel at the Tudor and Stuart Courts (Boydell & Brewer, 2001), pp. 45–46 online.
  4. ^ Des Propstes heilkundlicher Schatz
  5. ^ Paul F. Grendler, The Universities of the Italian Renaissance (The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004), p. 342.
  6. ^ Botanischer Garten.

External links[edit]