Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein

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Johann II
Johann II v Liechtenstein.jpg
Prince of Liechtenstein
Reign 12 November 1858 – 11 February 1929
Predecessor Aloys II
Successor Franz I
Full name
Johann Maria Franz Placidus
House House of Liechtenstein
Father Aloys II, Prince of Liechtenstein
Mother Franziska Kinsky
Born (1840-10-05)5 October 1840
Eisgrub, Moravia
Died 11 February 1929(1929-02-11) (aged 88)
Valtice, Czechoslovakia
Burial Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, Vranov

Johann II, born Johann Maria Franz Placidus (5 October 1840 – 11 February 1929), aka Johann II der Gute or Johann II the Good, was the Prince of Liechtenstein between 1858 and 1929. His reign of 70 years and 90 days is the second-longest in European royal history after that of Louis XIV of France.

Early life[edit]

Johann II was the son of Aloys II, Prince of Liechtenstein and Countess Franziska Kinsky. He ascended to the throne shortly after his 18th birthday, and as such his reign is the longest precisely documented tenure of any monarch since antiquity in which a regent was never employed.[1]

Law and reform[edit]

In 1862, Johann II issued Liechtenstein's first constitution. Later, after Liechtenstein left the German confederation in 1866 and after World War I, Johann II granted a new constitution in 1921. It granted considerable political rights to common Liechtensteiners, the latter making the principality a constitutional monarchy. This constitution survives today but with revisions, most notably in 2003.

Liechtenstein left the German Confederation in 1866. Not long after, the army of Liechtenstein was abolished as it was regarded as an unnecessary expense.

Foreign affairs[edit]

Johann II somewhat cooled relations with Liechtenstein's traditional ally, Austria-Hungary and its successor states, to forge closer relations with Switzerland, particularly after World War I. Liechtenstein was neutral during World War I, but the war broke Liechtenstein's alliance with Austria-Hungary and led it to go into a customs union with Switzerland. Late in Johann's reign, in 1924, the Swiss franc became Liechtenstein's official currency.[2]

Patron of the arts[edit]

Johann II added much to the Liechtenstein Princely Collections. Although considered a prominent patron of the arts and sciences during his long reign,[3] Johann II was also considered to be rather unsociable and did not participate in social events. He never married or had any children, like several other members of his family.[4]

Between 1905–1920, Schloss Vaduz was renovated and expanded. Prince Johann II did not live in the castle or even Liechtenstein, though his successors would eventually move there in 1938. Schloss Vaduz would be their home.

He was the 987th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria.

Upon his death in 1929, Johann II was succeeded by his brother Franz I.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]

Johann II, Prince of Liechtenstein
Born: 5 October 1840 Died: 11 February 1929
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Aloys II
Prince of Liechtenstein
1858–1929
Succeeded by
Franz I