Johannes Käbin

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Johannes Käbin (born Ivan Käbin; 24 September 1905, Kalvi, Governorate of Estonia – 26 October 1999, Tallinn, Estonia) was an Soviet politician who led the Estonian Communist Party from 1950 to 1978. He was the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet (head of state) from 1978 to 1983. Initially a hardline Stalinist, he gradually became more moderate in the post-Stalin era but nevertheless remained devoted to the consolidation of Soviet rule in Estonia. Käbin was an ethnic Estonian but had been raised in Russia, as his family had moved to Saint Petersburg in 1910. He worked as a teacher in Moscow before returning to Estonia after the Second World War.

After the reindependence of Estonia till his death Käbin was a member of the Social Democratic Labour Party.

Political offices
Preceded by
Nikolai Karotamm
First Secretary of the Communist Party of Estonia
1950–1978
Succeeded by
Karl Vaino
Preceded by
Meta Vannas
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Estonian SSR
1978–1983
Succeeded by
Arnold Rüütel