Johannes Mayer

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Dr. rer. pol. Dr.-Ing. Johannes Mayer
Johnannes Mayer.jpg
Johannes Mayer
Born (1893-09-06)6 September 1893
Stepenitz, Province of Brandenburg
Died 7 August 1963(1963-08-07) (aged 69)
Hamburg
Allegiance German Empire German Empire (to 1918)
Germany Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1914–1945
Rank General der Infanterie
Commands held Infanterie-Regiment 501
329. Infanterie-Division
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords
Other work Engineer

Dr. rer. pol. Dr.-Ing. Johannes Mayer[Notes 1] (6 September 1893 – 7 August 1963) was a German General of the Infantry, serving during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves and Swords was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Military career[edit]

Mayer was born on 6 December 1893 in Stepenitz in the Province of Brandenburg, the son of a pastor. He attended the boarding school Pforta, where he graduated with his Abitur (diploma) as best of his class. He then started studying theology. With the outbreak of World War I he volunteered for military service and joined Infanterie-Regiment "Prinz Moritz von Anhalt-Dessau" Nr. 42. Throughout World War I he served with this regiment earning both classes the Iron Cross (Eisernes Kreuz).

Awards[edit]

References in the Wehrmachtbericht[edit]

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
16 March 1944 In Kämpfen nordwestlich Newel hat sich die rheinisch-westfälische 329. Infanteriedivision unter Führung des Generalleutnants Mayer besonders ausgezeichnet.[3] The Rhenish-Westphalian 329th infantry division under the leadership of Generalleutnant Mayer distinguished itself in combat northwest of Newel.
18 July 1944 Bei den Kämpfen an der Ostfront haben sich im Süden die fränkisch-sudentendeutsche 88. Infanterie-Division unter Führung von Generalmajor v. Rittberg und im Norden die rheinisch-westfälische 329. Infanterie-Division unter Führung des Generalleutnants Mayer durch besondere Härte und Zähigkeit wiederholt ausgezeichnet.[4] The Frankish- Sudeten German 88th infantry division under the command of Generalmajor von Rittberg in the northern sector of the eastern front and the Rhenish-Westphalian 329th infantry division under the leadership of Generalleutnant Mayer in the southern sector distinguished themselves by showing hardship and toughness.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In German a Doctorate of political economy is abbreviated as Dr. rer. pol. (Doctor rerum politicarum) and a Doctorate in engineering is abbreviated as Dr.-Ing. (Doctor-Ingenieur).

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ a b c d Thomas 1998, p. 66.
  2. ^ a b c Scherzer 2007, p. 532.
  3. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 58.
  4. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 167.
Bibliography
  • Berger, Florian (1999). Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges [With Oak Leaves and Swords. The Highest Decorated Soldiers of the Second World War] (in German). Vienna, Austria: Selbstverlag Florian Berger. ISBN 978-3-9501307-0-6. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. 
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 3, 1 January 1944 to 9 May 1945] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985. ISBN 978-3-423-05944-2. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Oberst Bruno Hippler
Commander of 329th Infanterie-Division
22 March 1942 – 9 August 1943
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Paul Winter
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Paul Winter
Commander of 329th Infanterie-Division
September, 1943 – 16 July 1944
Succeeded by
Generalmajor der Reserve Werner Schulze
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Hermann Foertsch
Commander of X. Armeekorps
21 December 1944 – 27 December 1944
Succeeded by
General der Artillerie Siegfried Thomaschki
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Wilhelm Hasse
Commander of II. Armeekorps
15 January 1945 – 1 April 1945
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Alfred Gause