Johannes von der Marwitz
|Johannes Nepomuk von der Marwitz|
20 April 1795|
Tuchlin (Tuchlino), Kingdom of Prussia
|Died||29 March 1886
Pelplin, German Empire
|Occupation||Bishop of Culm (Chełmno)|
Marwitz was born in Tuchlin, West Prussia to Alexander von der Marwitz and Marianne née Wysocki. He grew up bilingual German and Polish and attended school in Danzig. He volunteered Blücher's Hussar Regiment No 5 in 1813 in the liberation wars against Napoleon and returned to his father's estate in 1814. Marwitz passed his Abitur in Braunsberg and studied catholic theology and philosophy at the Universities of Breslau, Bonn and in Pelplin in 1825-29.
He was ordained on 10 April 1830 at the Cathedral of Pelplin and became a Parish priest at the St. Mary’s Church of Thorn (Toruń) and in Tuchel (Tuchola) in 1832. In 1838 Marwitz became the dean of the Tuchel district, in 1839 episcopal commissioner and in 1843 cathedral canon at Cammin. In 1849 he became the dean of the Pelplin Diocese and Bishop of Culm (Chełmno) in 1857.
Under his tenure the Collegium Marianum in Pelplin was upgraded to a Progymnasium and catholic schools and teacher’s seminaries were founded in Konitz (Chojnice) and Graudenz (Grudziądz). He determined the binding knowledge of Polish for any priest within his diocese and took care for the usage of Polish in liturgy, his pastoral letters were published bilingual
Marwitz died in Pelplin and was buried at the Pelplin Cathedral.
- Barbara Wolf-Dahm (1993). "Marwitz, Johannes Nepomuk von der". In Bautz, Traugott. Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL) (in German) 5. Herzberg: Bautz. cols. 959–962. ISBN 3-88309-043-3.
- Jedin, Hubert (1981). The Church in the industrial age. p. 40. ISBN 0-86012-091-0.
- Clark, Christopher (2006). Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of Prussia 1600–1947. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard. p. 573. ISBN 0-674-02385-4.
|Catholic Church titles|
|Bishop of Culm