John A. Gronouski

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John A. Gronouski
John Austin Gronouski.jpg
56th United States Postmaster General
In office
September 30, 1963 – November 2, 1965
President John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Preceded by J. Edward Day
Succeeded by Lawrence F. O'Brien
Personal details
Born John Austin Gronouski, Jr.
(1919-10-26)October 26, 1919
Dunbar, Wisconsin, United States
Died January 7, 1996(1996-01-07) (aged 76)
Green Bay, Wisconsin, United States
Resting place Allouez Catholic Cemetery and Chapel Mausoleum
Green Bay, Wisconsin, United States
Spouse(s) Mary Gronouski
Children Stacy Ann Gronouski Jennings
Julie Kay Gronouski Glieberman
Alma mater University of Wisconsin-Madison (1942)
Profession Politician
Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Service/branch United States Army Air Forces
Years of service 1942-1945
Battles/wars World War II

John Austin Gronouski, Jr. (October 26, 1919 – January 7, 1996) was the Wisconsin state commissioner of taxation and served as the United States Postmaster General from 1963 until 1965 under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.

Biography[edit]

Gronouski was born in Dunbar, Wisconsin, the son of Mary (Riley) and John Austin Gronouski. He was of Polish and Irish descent.[1] He graduated from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1942, and he joined the military during World War II. Gronouski served as a navigator in the Air Force until October 1945. Gronouski married the former Mary Louise Metz on January 24, 1948. They had two daughters, Stacy Ann Jennings and Julia Kay Glieberman.

He earned an M.A. in 1947 and a Ph.D. in 1955, both from the University of Wisconsin–Madison.[2] In 1952, he ran for the United States Senate against Joseph McCarthy, who won reelection. In 1959, Gronouski joined the Wisconsin Department of Revenue and was named the executive director of the Revenue Survey Commission.

John Gronouski, Ambassador to Poland, meets his friends Wiesław and Longina Czajkowski with Chairman of the Polish-American Chamber of Commerce in Detroit, Chester A. Kozdroj and his wife Helena at the U.S. Embassy in Warsaw, September, 1966.

In 1960, he became the Wisconsin state commissioner of taxation, and he supported John F. Kennedy for President. In 1963 Gronouski was appointed Postmaster General, the first Polish-American Cabinet officer. As Postmaster General, Gronouski promoted the original five-digit zip code system, and worked to the end racial discrimination against postal employees.[3] After he left the Cabinet on November 2, 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed him to be Ambassador to Poland.

After President Richard M. Nixon took office in 1969, Gronouski became founding dean of the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin. Gronouski served as dean until 1974.[4] He served as a member of Eisenhower Commission (on international radio broadcasting) and as the Chairman of the Board for International Broadcasting during the Carter administration.[5]

In retirement, Gronouski lived in Green Bay, Wisconsin, where he died on January 7, 1996. He is interred in Allouez Catholic Cemetery and Chapel Mausoleum in Green Bay, Wisconsin.

References[edit]

  • Archives of the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at The University of Texas at Austin
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum
  • Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia
  • New York Times obituary
Political offices
Preceded by
J. Edward Day
United States Postmaster General
Served under: John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson

September 30, 1963–November 2, 1965
Succeeded by
Lawrence F. O'Brien