John Albert Taylor
|John Albert Taylor|
Utah State Prison mug shot
June 6, 1959|
Ogden, Utah, USA
|Died||January 26, 1996
Draper, Utah, USA
|Execution by firing squad|
|Criminal status||Executed at Utah State Prison on January 26, 1996|
|Conviction(s)||Carrying a concealed weapon, burglary – 1977, Florida
Sexual assault, murder – December 1989, Utah
John Albert Taylor (June 6, 1959 – January 26, 1996) was an American who was convicted of burglary and carrying a concealed weapon in the state of Florida, and sexual assault and murder in the state of Utah. Taylor's own sister tipped off police in June 1989 after 11-year-old Charla King was found raped and strangled to death in Washington Terrace, Utah. His fingerprints were found at the crime scene, which was located in an apartment complex where he had been staying. In December 1989, Taylor was sentenced to death and placed on death row at Utah State Prison.
Taylor gave up appealing his sentence after his request for retrial was rejected by the Utah Supreme Court. He became the second person to be executed by firing squad in the United States (after Gary Gilmore) since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976. Taylor said he chose this method of execution to embarrass the state of Utah. On January 26, 1996, the day of Taylor's execution, legislation was introduced in the Utah House of Representatives to eliminate the firing squad.
John Albert Taylor was born in Ogden, Utah to Albert and Gaylene Taylor, who separated during his infancy. He moved several times during his youth, including a move to Colorado at the age of nine, when he was told that his father had died. According to Taylor, he was raised in Florida, where he was abused as a child and became involved in drugs by his teens. Taylor stated that he did not get along with his stepfather, a Vietnam veteran, or his mother: "But she could never control me. My mother had a lot of animosity toward my father. They alienated me for a long time. I was the whipping post." At the age of 13, he stabbed his stepfather. According to court records, he repeatedly raped his sister Laurie during his teens, assaulted other young girls, and was committed to a sex offender program. In 1974, Taylor moved back to Ogden to live with his grandmother, but soon returned to Florida.
In 1977, Taylor was arrested in Florida and charged with burglary and carrying a concealed weapon after he was caught with a stolen gun. He was convicted and imprisoned until December 1981, when he was released on parole. In March 1982, he was arrested in Fort Lauderdale, Florida for armed burglary, armed robbery, and sexual assault. He had been diagnosed at the age of 17 as "a remorseless pedophile." He was acquitted of the charges in September 1982, but was sentenced to 15 additional years in prison for parole violations. In 1989, Taylor was released and departed for Utah to be with his sisters and biological father, who he discovered was still alive.
From all I saw, my father was a good man. But while I was growing up, I was told so many stories about him that I've come to learn were all lies. My father was being painted a villain when he really wasn't one. I've come to learn that the real villain was my mother.
Murder of Charla King
At around 3:20 p.m. on June 23, 1989, Sherron King returned from work to her apartment in Washington Terrace, Utah to find the body of her daughter Charla in the bedroom with a nightgown wrapped around her head and panties stuffed in her mouth. After calling the police, she was instructed to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation and discovered that Charla had been strangled to death with a telephone cord. Charla's foster grandmother Bertha Poster stated that she had dropped Charla off at the apartment at about 1:30 p.m. after visiting the mall. Charla had been planning to celebrate her 12th birthday at an amusement park on the next day.
On June 25, a tipster, who was later revealed to be Taylor's sister Laurie Galli, contacted Washington Terrace Police officer Marcia Gathercole with information connected to the murder. Taylor's fingerprints were found on a telephone in the King residence and matched to records provided by authorities in Fort Lauderdale. He was arrested at about 9 p.m. on June 28 at the home of his half-sister Tresa Taylor in Ogden, Utah and charged with first-degree murder the next morning. Taylor had arrived from Florida four days before the murder and had been staying with another sister in the same apartment complex.
I remember telling my father that whoever they arrested for this crime was history, and that was before my arrest.—John Albert Taylor, January 1996
Sherron King moved out of the apartment complex on June 28. She was upset that the neighbors who came forward as witnesses did nothing when they heard her daughter screaming.
On November 27, 1989, the trial commenced under District Judge David Roth after Taylor waived his right to a jury. Taylor testified on his own behalf that he only entered the apartment in the act of burglary while no one was home, leaving his fingerprints on the phone when he found money underneath it. Weber County deputy attorney William Daines stated that Taylor previously denied being in the apartment and that two witnesses placed him at the scene at the time of the crime. Prison inmate Mike Gallegos testified that he had a brief conversation in which Taylor told him that he killed a girl by accident. Duane Moyes and James Gaskill of the Weber State College crime laboratory testified that the person who cut the telephone cord with a knife and wrapped it around the neck of the victim was likely the same as the one who left behind fingerprints on the phone. Lab director Gaskill stated that the prints, three of which were matched to fingers on Taylor's left hand, were the only evidence that placed Taylor at the crime scene. Gaskill said there was no evidence in the apartment to indicate a burglary took place or that any other person was connected to the murder.
On December 5, 1989, Judge Roth found Taylor guilty of murder and sexual assault. During the penalty phase of Taylor's trial, his half-sister Leslie Beale traveled from Florida to testify about his harsh treatment under his stepfather and the three years that Taylor spent in a sex offender program at a Florida mental institution. On December 19, Taylor became the first convict in 40 years to be sent to death row by a Weber County court. Roth said that the facts of the case outweighed any mitigating circumstances. Taylor's father Albert attended most of his son's court proceedings until he died of heart failure on October 8, 1990. Taylor said he was not permitted to attend his father's funeral.
The case was automatically appealed to the Utah Supreme Court, which upheld Taylor's conviction and sentence in October 1991. Taylor's execution was initially scheduled for January 15, 1992. The date was rescheduled to June 24 when Taylor's attorney Martin Gravis requested to withdraw from the case. On June 17, Judge Roth granted a stay of execution after Taylor's new defense attorney Ron Yengich requested more time to prepare an appeal. At issue was a new 1992 law in Utah that established the sentence of life imprisonment without parole.
While incarcerated at Utah State Prison, Taylor kept busy in an effort to overcome his claustrophobia and boredom. He earned his high school diploma and studied to be a paralegal until his educational grant money ran out.
In October 1995, Taylor decided to end further appeals after the Utah Supreme Court rejected his argument that his legal counsel was ineffective. He fired defense attorney Ed Brass, stating: "If I don't fight for my appeal, I don't need an attorney." Taylor said he was prepared to die partly because of his failing health, including an enlarged heart, bleeding ulcers, and swollen legs and feet.
I don't want to die alone in my cell.—John Albert Taylor, December 1995
Judge Roth ordered Taylor to choose a method of execution. Taylor chose to be executed by firing squad to make the process more difficult for Utah state officials. In an interview with the Deseret News, he stated: "I didn't commit the murder, and I'm not going to submit to letting them kill me on that table." Regarding the option of lethal injection, Taylor said, "I don't want to go flipping around like a fish out of water on that table."
To be strapped to a table and injected full of drugs leaves me with a feeling of helplessness; because I am innocent of the crime for which I was convicted of. Anyway, if my execution is carried out, it will be a murder. Granted, it may be legally sanctioned, but, nonetheless, murder it will be, and the firing squad is my way of showing that point; and because of the cost and the inconvenience it will cause the state because they are not really prepared for an execution by firing squad.—John Albert Taylor, January 21, 1992
When Taylor ordered a last meal of pizzas "with everything," some law enforcement veterans recalled that the same request was made by Barton Kay Kirkham, the last man to be hanged in Utah. Like Taylor, Kirkham had selected his method of execution with the goal of inconveniencing the state. On January 25, 1996, Taylor spent his final evening sharing his pizza with his uncle Gordon Lee while joined by former attorney Ed Brass and Catholic priest Reyes Rodriguez, who administered the Last Rites. Taylor, whose stomach had been doing "flip-flops" earlier in the day, requested antacid medication and declined deputy warden Wally Schulsen's offer for more pizza, soda, and coffee. He gave his glasses to warden Hank Galetka and said, "There is no need for them." Taylor refused an offer to be sedated before his execution, but was allowed his first cigarette in six years.
Five police officers, who volunteered to carry out the execution, were each paid $300. The shooters used identical Winchester Model 94 rifles. One prison official selected each rifle at random from a table and handed them to another prison official sitting in a small room, out of sight. The second prison official would then load the rifle, and return it to the table. Four of the rifles were loaded with live ammunition. One was secretly loaded with a wax bullet so that none of the officers would be certain that they fired a deadly shot. The non-lethal cartridge was tested to ensure that the report and recoil was difficult to distinguish from a real cartridge.
Over 168 news and television crews from around the world were on hand to report the execution, which was set up inside a warehouse at Utah State Prison in Draper. Nine media witnesses were allowed to record the actual event. Actor and activist Mike Farrell appeared as a commentator for the American Civil Liberties Union in opposition to the death penalty. Elliott King, the uncle of Charla King, was the sole member of the victim's family to arrive as a witness and expressed that he had no sympathy for Taylor. Sister Helen Prejean, the author of Dead Man Walking, wrote Taylor a letter that was delivered right before his execution.
Shortly before midnight, Taylor was led into the execution chamber and strapped to a chair 17 feet away from the shooters with a hood covering his head. Multiple bright lights covered Taylor. Sandbags were arranged behind him to prevent any ricochets. The captain walked down the aisle, tapping each shooter on the shoulder to check to see if they were ready. At 12:03 a.m. Mountain Standard Time on January 26, 1996, every shooter fired at the count of five and the white cloth target on Taylor's chest flew off. His chest moved upward and his left hand tightened into a fist. His grip gradually loosened and his head fell back. A doctor checked Taylor's neck for a pulse and cut two holes in his hood to check for a pupillary light reflex. Taylor was declared dead at 12:07 a.m. and became the 49th person to be executed in the state of Utah since 1852.
I would like to say for my family and my friends — as the poem was written, 'Remember me, but let me go.'
After an autopsy, Taylor's remains were cremated and shipped to his uncle Gordon Lee in Oregon. The Salt Lake County Sheriff's Office said it would specify homicide as the cause of death on Taylor's death certificate because the execution met the state's definition of "intentional death by another hand." However, Utah state law exempts the actions of executioners from prosecution. A commemorative coin was created to recognize the staff who had participated in the execution. Eight hours after Taylor's execution, Utah State Representative Sheryl Allen first introduced a bill to eliminate the firing squad, and later succeeded in passing HB180, which removed the right of the condemned to choose their method of execution after February 2004.
If they choose the firing squad, it's one last magnificent manipulation of the system to bring attention to themselves... It's time for Utah to do away with the firing squad.
- Capital punishment in Utah
- Capital punishment in the United States
- Opposition to capital punishment in the United States
- DeVoy, Beverly (1992-03-16). "Stop appeals and go ahead with execution, inmate says". Deseret News. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
- Maffly, Brian (1996-01-26). "Firing Squad Executes Taylor". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2010-10-02. (subscription required)
- DeVoy, Beverly (1996-01-26). "Taylor knew from the start he would die". Deseret News. pp. 1–3. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- Whittell, Giles (2010-04-24). "Utah death row inmate Ronnie Lee Gardner elects to die by firing squad". The Times (London). Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- Westcott, Kathryn (2010-06-18). "How and why Gardner was shot". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-06-21.
- Donaldson, Amy (1996-01-26). "Firing squad carries out execution". Deseret News. pp. 1–3. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- DeVoy, Beverly (1989-12-19). "Taylor was a sex abuser, half-sister says convict spent 3 years in Florida program as a teen, judge told at hearing". Deseret News. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
- DeVoy, Beverly (1989-12-20). "Taylor receives death sentence". Deseret News. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Maffly, Brian (1996-01-26). "The Man: Sick or Sinister? Sick or Sinister? Taylor's Life Plagued by Demons From Within". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2010-10-02. (subscription required)
- Brown, Matthew (1996-01-26). "Child killer awaiting Utah firing squad". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- DeVoy, Beverly (1989-11-28). "Mother Testifies in Girl's Slaying". Deseret News. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- "Murder Hearing Delayed". Deseret News. 1989-07-27. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- "Florida Man Charged in Slaying of Girl, 11". Deseret News. 1989-06-29. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- Donaldson, Amy (1995-12-31). "'I think he needs to be pitied'". Deseret News. pp. 1–3. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- DeVoy, Beverly (1989-12-02). "Ogden defendant admitted killing a girl, inmate says". Deseret News. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- DeVoy, Beverly (1989-12-01). "Prints on phone and cord are similar, lab expert says". Deseret News. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- DeVoy, Beverly (1989-12-06). "Ogdenite found guilty of girl's strangulation". Deseret News. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- DeVoy, Beverly (1991-11-23). "Ogden murderer set to die by firing squad Jan. 15". Deseret News. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "June 24 execution date is set for killer of 11-year-old girl in '89". Deseret News. 1992-05-04. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Clifton, David (1992-05-29). "'Competent' counsel gives inmate new hope". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2010-10-04. (subscription required)
- "Stay of Execution Given in 1989 Murder Case". Deseret News. 1992-06-17. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- DeVoy, Beverly (1995-12-09). "11-year-old's killer picks death by firing squad". Deseret News. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Schindler, Hal (1996-01-28). "Taylor's Death Was Quick . . . But Some Weren't So Lucky". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2010-06-26.
- "A look at Utah's most infamous executions". KSL-TV. 2010-06-13. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Taylor Timeline: The Final Hours of John Albert Taylor". Deseret News. 1996-01-26. pp. 1–3. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- Liesik, Geoff (2010-04-27). "Corrections creating commemorative coin for Ronnie Lee Gardner execution". Deseret News. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- Dobner, Jennifer (2010-04-24). "Killer: 'The firing squad, please'". The Pantagraph. Associated Press. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Friday Execution In Utah May Be Last By Firing Squad". Orlando Sentinel. 1996-01-23. Retrieved 2010-10-04.
- Smith, Josh (2010-06-17). "Journalists from around globe descend on Ronnie Lee Gardner execution". Deseret News. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
- Farrell, Mike. "Mike Farrell and the Death Penalty". Mike Farrell Online. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- "Firing Squad Executes Killer". The New York Times. Associated Press. 1996-01-27. Retrieved 2008-06-16.
- Kirby, Robert (2010-06-14). "Executioners share motives, describe their roles in death by firing squad". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 2010-10-02.
- Parkinson, Chip (1996-02-01). "Execution will be listed as homicide". Deseret News. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- "Utah firing squad executes US killer Ronnie Lee Gardner". BBC News. 2010-06-18. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
- Dobner, Jennifer (2004-01-22). "Plan to abolish firing squad advances". Deseret News. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- Foy, Paul (2004-01-22). "Firing squad". Daily Herald. Associated Press. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- 1996: John Albert Taylor at Executed Today
- January 26, 1996 – John Albert Taylor at Execution of the Day
|Executions by firing squad in the United States||Succeeded by
Ronnie Lee Gardner
|Executions in Utah since 1976||Succeeded by
Joseph Mitchell Parsons