John Alexander Hopps
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|John Alexander "Jack" Hopps|
May 21, 1919|
|Died||November 24, 1998(aged 79)|
|Awards||Order of Canada|
Beginning in 1949, he worked with Dr. Wilfred Bigelow and Dr. John Callaghan at the Banting Institute in the University of Toronto, developing the world's first external artificial pacemaker in 1951. (The first internal pacemaker was implanted in a human body by a Swedish team in 1958.)
Hopps was of the Canadian Medical and Biological Engineering Society and the President of the Ontario Heart Foundation (Ottawa Chapter).
In 1985, his autobiography, Passing Pulses, the Pacemaker and Medical Engineering: A Canadian Story, was published.
- The Canadian Science and Engineering Hall of Fame: The Hall, Canada Science and Technology Museum.
- "NRC, City of Ottawa to Commemorate Local Whose Inventions Helped Saved Millions of Lives Around the World". Retrieved January 3, 2006.
- "In Memorium Dr. John A. Hopps 1919 - 1998". Retrieved January 3, 2006.
- "IEEE Milestone in Electrical Engineering and Computing". Retrieved September 5, 2009.