John Anderson (Scottish businessman)
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Anderson was born into a poor family at Portland near Dumfries, Scotland and moved to Glasgow in 1784. He later settled in Cork City, at that time the major provisioning centre on the Atlantic Coast. During the American wars he made considerable sums as a commercial agent in New York. He made extensive land purchases in the Cork area.
His Cork business was based at Lapp's Island and his skills were recognised as he grew rapidly in fortune and was appointed to the City's Committee of Merchants. He was made a Freeman of the City in 1787. Among the business interests was a malting and warehouse complex at Ballinacurra on Cork Harbour in partnership with John Lapp, in the 1780s. In common with many Cork Merchants he was in favour of Union with Great Britain in 1800. Anderson's Quay in Cork is called after him. He married Miss Semple and had two daughters and two sons, one of whom, James Caleb Anderson (1782-1861), was a noted experimenter with steam-driven road vehicles.
His fortunes suffered a series of reversals with the fall in the value of land after the Napoleonic Wars. He lost over £30,000 in a Welsh Mining venture. He had conducted Banking business and with the economic downturn the Bank collapsed in 1816.
Development of roads and coaching
He secured the equivalent of a Government franchise to provide a mail service from Dublin to Cork. This involved the building of an extensive infrastructure of roads bridges inns and staging coaches. By 1789 he was the dominant partner in the Dublin/Cork turnpike and mail and this was to extend to Limerick in 1793. The paramount achievement was getting from Dublin to Cork within 24 hours, the first Royal Mail arriving in Cork 8 July 1789.
Founding of Fermoy
He purchased lands in the Fermoy area in 1791 and responded to a British government demand for Military Barracks by offering to build to their order in Fermoy. The first Barracks was for 1400 troop and 100 horses and this was later increased to total 3300 men. Soon a vast military complex with workshops and ancillary services together with coach workshops were functioning.
- Niall Brunicarda 'John Anderson Entrepreneur' Eigse Books Fermoy 1987
- Sean Beecher Cork 365 Collins Press 2005 ISBN 1-903464-92-7
- Madden Revelations in Ireland, A Scotchman in Munster
- Cork Directory 1787
- Hibernian Chronicle 1790-1791
- Cork past and present photograph Anderson's Quay prior to new bridge
- Fermoy House
- The Scottish Nation
- Lewis Topographical Dictionary