John Appleton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
John Appleton
4th United States Assistant Secretary of State
In office
April 4, 1857 – June 10, 1860
Preceded by John Addison Thomas
Succeeded by William Henry Trescot
Personal details
Born (1815-02-11)February 11, 1815
Beverly, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died August 22, 1864(1864-08-22) (aged 49)
Portland, Maine, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Susan Appleton
Profession Politician, Lawyer

John Appleton (February 11, 1815 – August 22, 1864) was born in Beverly, Massachusetts, and raised in Cumberland County, Maine, USA. He graduated from Bowdoin College in 1834, also studied at Cambridge Law School, and was admitted to the Cumberland County bar in 1837, commencing practice in Portland, Maine.

He also did editorial work on the Eastern Argus and became editor in 1838. He later became a register of probate for Cumberland County in 1840 and again from 1842 to 1844. His wife, Susan Appleton, gave birth to their son, Eben Dodge Appleton, on September 8, 1843. Appleton became Chief Clerk of the United States Navy Department in 1845 serving to 1848. He was then transferred to the United States State Department under the same position, serving from January to April 1848. He then served as United States Minister to Bolivia from 1848 to 1849. In 1850 he was elected to the 32nd United States Congress serving from 1851 to 1853, not running for re-election in 1852. In 1855 he served as Secretary of the Legation in London, England, from February 19 to November 16. He resumed practicing law until he was appointed Assistant Secretary of State in 1857 serving to 1860 when he resigned to serve as United States Ambassador to Russia, keeping this post until 1861. He then retired and later died on August 22, 1864, in Portland, Maine. He is interred at Evergreen Cemetery in Portland.


Both he and William Appleton were born in Massachusetts and had served in the 32nd United States Congress. They were second cousins once removed: John being the great, great-grandson, and William being the great-grandson of Isaac Appleton and Elizabeth Sawyer.


Further reading[edit]

  • Appleton, John, North for Union: John Appleton’s Journal of a Tour to New England Made by President Polk in June and July 1847, Edited by Wayne Cutler, Nashville, TN Vanderbilt University Press, 1986.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Nathaniel Littlefield
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maine's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855
Succeeded by
Samuel Mayall
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
William S. Derrick
Chief Clerk of the United States State Department
January 26, 1848 – April 25, 1848
Succeeded by
William S. Derrick
Preceded by
United States Ambassador to Bolivia
March 30, 1848 – May 4, 1849
Succeeded by
Alexander Keith McClung
Preceded by
Francis Wilkinson Pickens
United States Ambassador to Russia
June 8, 1860 – June 8, 1861
Succeeded by
Cassius Marcellus Clay
Political offices
Preceded by
John Addison Thomas
United States Assistant Secretary of State
April 4, 1857 – June 10, 1860
Succeeded by
William Henry Trescot