John Augustine Collins

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John Augustine Collins
John Collins 28AWM P00444 093 29.jpg
Captain John Collins in 1943
Born 7 January 1899
Deloraine, Tasmania
Died 3 September 1989(1989-09-03) (aged 90)
Sydney, New South Wales
Allegiance  Australia
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Australian Navy
Years of service 1913–1955 (42 years)
Rank Vice Admiral
Commands held Chief of Naval Staff
HMAS Shropshire
HMAS Sydney
Battles/wars

World War I
World War II

Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Mention in Despatches
Commander of the Order of Orange-Nassau (Netherlands)
Other work High Commissioner to New Zealand

Vice Admiral Sir John Augustine Collins KBECBRAN (7 January 1899 – 3 September 1989) was a Royal Australian Navy (RAN) officer who served in World War I and World War II, and who eventually rose to become a Vice Admiral and Chief of Staff of the RAN. Collins was one of the first graduates of the Royal Australian Naval College to attain flag rank. During World War II, he commanded the cruiser HMAS Sydney in the Mediterranean campaign. He led the Australian Naval Squadron in the Pacific theatre and was wounded in the first recorded kamikaze attack, in 1944.

Early life and education[edit]

John Augustine Collins was born in Deloraine, Tasmania, in 1899.[1] In 1913, at age 14, Collins joined the first intake to the RAN College.[1] He became a midshipman in January 1917, in time to see war service while attached to the Royal Navy.[1]

World War II[edit]

In the early war years, Collins commanded HMAS Sydney in the Battle of the Mediterranean.[1] Sydney led Allied ships which sank a state-of-the-art Italian cruiser, Bartolomeo Colleoni, in July 1940. For this action he was appointed a Companion of the Bath (CB).[2]

Relations between the RAN and British Royal Navy were close at the time, with frequent exchanges of officers between the two and in June 1941, Collins was transferred to Singapore, as Assistant Chief of Staff to the British Naval Commander in Chief, China Station, Vice Admiral Geoffrey Layton.[1]

Following the outbreak of war with Japan, Collins was appointed Commodore Commanding China Force, the RN-RAN cruiser and destroyer force based in Batavia, Dutch East Indies, under the American-British-Dutch-Australian Command.[1]

Members of the Australian Mission Group at the Japanese surrender talks. Left to right: Commodore John Collins; Lieutenant General Frank Berryman; Captain Roy Dowling; Air Commodore Raymond Brownell.

After the fall of Singapore and the Allied defeat in the Battle of the Java Sea, it became clear that the Dutch East Indies would be occupied by Japan. Collins organised the evacuation of Allied civilians and military personnel from Batavia, and was on one of the last ships to leave, before the city fell, in March 1942.[1] As a result he was Mentioned in Despatches,[3] and was later made a Commander of the Dutch Order of Orange-Nassau.[4]

Collins was then appointed Senior Naval Officer, Western Australia, based at Fremantle.[1]

During 1943, Collins commanded HMAS Shropshire and took part in the Bougainville campaign, the Battle of Cape Gloucester, and operations off the Admiralty Islands and Hollandia (Dutch New Guinea).[1]

In mid-1944, Collins was made commander of the Australian-US Navy Task Force 74, and commander of the Australian Naval Squadron, with HMAS Australia as his flagship. He became the first graduate of the RAN College to command a naval squadron in action, during the bombardment of Noemfoor, on 2 July 1944.

Collins was badly wounded in the first kamikaze attack in history, which hit Australia on 21 October 1944, in the lead up to the Battle of Leyte Gulf.[1] He did not resume his command until July 1945. When the war ended Collins was the RAN's representative at the surrender ceremony in Tokyo Bay.[1]

Post-war service and legacy[edit]

Collins was appointed Chief of Naval Staff in 1948, succeeding Sir Louis Keppel Hamilton, and held the position until 1955. He was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in the 1951 New Year Honours.[5] He later served as Australia's High Commissioner to New Zealand (1956–1962).[1]

The latest class of Australian submarine, the Collins class bears his name. The lead submarine, HMAS Collins, was launched by his widow on 28 August 1993. Collins Road, a street in the Sydney suburb of St Ives was also named in his honour.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Collins, Sir John Augustine (1899-1989)" (RAN official biography)
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 34907. p. 4653. 26 July 1940. Retrieved 2008-01-23.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35823. p. 5461. 11 December 1942. Retrieved 2008-01-23.
  4. ^ L, Klemen (1999–2000). "Commodore John Augustine Collins". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 39105. p. 35. 29 December 1950. Retrieved 2008-01-23.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Admiral Sir Louis Hamilton
First Naval Member & Chief of Staff
1948 – 1955
Succeeded by
Vice Admiral Sir Roy Dowling
Preceded by
Commodore Harold Farncomb
Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Squadron
1945 – 1946
Succeeded by
Rear Admiral Harold Farncomb
Preceded by
Rear Admiral Victor Crutchley
Rear Admiral Commanding HM Australian Squadron
June – October 1944
Succeeded by
Captain Charles Nichols
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Peter Heydon
Australian High Commissioner to New Zealand
1956-1962
Succeeded by
Donald Alastair Cameron