John B. England

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John Brooke England
Lt Col John B. England.jpg
Nickname(s) “Johnny”
Born (1923-01-15)January 15, 1923
Caruthersville, Missouri
Died November 17, 1954(1954-11-17) (aged 31)
Toul-Rosières Air Base, France
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch Seal of the US Air Force.svg United States Air Force
Years of service 1942 – 1954
Rank Lt Col
Commands held

362nd Fighter Squadron

389th Fighter-Bomber Squadron
Battles/wars

World War II

Korean War
Awards Silver Star
Distinguished Flying Cross (5)
Air Medal (15)

John Brooke England (15 January 1923 – 17 November 1954) was a World War II fighter ace in the 357th Fighter Group and a career fighter pilot in the United States Air Force.

Biography[edit]

He was the son of Bidker H. and Pearl J. England of Caruthersville, Missouri. After graduating from Caruthersville High School on 16 May 1940, he worked as a bookkeeper and later he marketed various agricultural commodities. Growing up on the banks of the Mississippi River, his favorite hobby was fishing.

After the war started, he enlisted in the US Army on 1 April 1942. He was accepted into aviation cadet training and was sent to Yuma, Arizona where his flight instructor was future U.S. Senator and presidential candidate Barry Goldwater. He completed his flying training on 9 March 1943. He was then commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant and received his pilot’s wings on 10 March 1943.[1]

After this training, he was assigned to the 362d Fighter Squadron of the 357th Fighter Group which was then flying the P-39 Airacobra. The 357th moved to Santa Rosa, California and then moved for additional training to Oroville, California in August 1943. After additional moves and training in other states, the personnel of the 357th boarded the RMS Queen Elizabeth and sailed from New York on 23 November 1943.

World War II[edit]

The unit was assigned to RAF Leiston and after transitioning to the P-51 Mustang, they flew their first combat mission on 11 February 1944. John was promoted to 1st Lt. on 26 October 1943 and by the time he was promoted to Captain on 28 April 1944 he already had 6.5 aerial credits. After his first victory on 8 March 1944, he attained the status of “Ace” in only forty-eight days.

He took command of the 362d Fighter Squadron on 25 August 1944 and continued as the squadron commander until 8 April 1945. He was promoted to Major on 4 December 1944 and continued to fly combat sorties achieving his last aerial victory on 14 January 1945 for a total of 17.5 enemy aircraft destroyed in flight.

Summary of Enemy Aircraft Damaged/Destroyed[edit]

Date Location Air/Ground Number Type Status
8 March 1944 Near Steinhuder Meer (Lake), Germany Air 1 Me-109 Destroyed
16 March 1944 20 miles south of Stuttgart, Germany Air 1 Me-110 Destroyed
11 April 1944 20 miles northeast of Magdeburg, Germany Air 0.5 Me-109 Destroyed
13 April 1944 West of Mannheim, Germany Air 1 FW-190 Destroyed
24 April 1944 South of Munich, Germany Air 3 Me-110 Destroyed
27 May 1944 North of Strasbourg, France Air 1 Me-109 Damaged
18 August 1944 20 miles northeast of Paris, France Air 0.5 Me-109 Destroyed
13 September 1944 South of Nordhausen, Germany Air 2.5 Me-109 Destroyed
6 October 1944 20 miles northwest of Berlin, Germany Air 1 Me-109 Damaged
6 October 1944 20 miles northwest of Berlin, Germany Air 2 Me-109 Destroyed
27 November 1944 South of Magdeburg, Germany Air 4 FW-190 Destroyed
14 January 1945 20 miles northwest of Berlin, Germany Air 1 Me-109 Destroyed
25 January 1952 Korea Air 1 Mig-15 Damaged
All information on enemy aircraft damaged and destroyed is from Stars and Bars.[1]

After the war, Major England stayed in the Air Force. By 1949 he was promoted to LtCol and was given command of the Air Force's cadet training school at Nellis AFB, Nevada.
On 5 June 1949, he married Marilyn Ruth Boswell and they had three children. During this time he formed a flight demonstration team called "The Red Devils", flying World War II-era P-51 Mustangs painted an all-over red. The team was short-lived, because the Mustangs and LtCol England were needed for service in Korea.


He served briefly in the Korean war flying six combat missions and on 20 February 1951, he was promoted to Lt Col.[1] In October 1953, he was assigned to Alexandria Air Force Base in Alexandria, Louisiana as commander of the 389th Fighter-Bomber Squadron where he flew the F-86 Sabre. The squadron deployed to Toul-Rosières Air Base, France in the fall of 1954. From Toul, he flew a mission for gunnery practice near Tripoli, Libya. He was then returning to Toul from Marseille, France on 17 November 1954. Due to bad weather and low visibility, he made several attempts to land and on his final approach his engine flamed out due to lack of fuel. As he attempted to land without power he was killed while trying to avoid a barracks building. For this selfless act, Alexandria AFB was renamed England Air Force Base.

He was the leading ace of World War II from Missouri and England City Park in Caruthersville, Missouri has a memorial in his honor. Part of the inscription on the plaque reads "This memorial of Colonel England is dedicated to and represents the highest tradition of American fighting men lost in wars fought for the preservation of our freedoms."

Col. England was buried at Arlington National Cemetery on 30 November 1954.

Awards and decorations[edit]

COMMAND PILOT WINGS.png  Command pilot

Silver Star
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Distinguished Flying Cross, With 4 oak leaf clusters.
Silver oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Air Medal With 14 oak leaf clusters
American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg American Campaign Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg World War II Victory Medal
CdG45.gif French Croix de guerre with palm

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Frank Olynyk (1995). "8 The Aces - Biographical and Claim Notes". Stars & Bars. Grub Street The Basement London, England. ISBN 1-898697-17-5. , 258.

External links[edit]