John B. Kendrick

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John B. Kendrick
JohnBKendrick.jpg
United States Senator
from Wyoming
In office
March 4, 1917 – November 3, 1933
Preceded by Clarence D. Clark
Succeeded by Joseph C. O'Mahoney
9th Governor of Wyoming
In office
January 4, 1915 – February 26, 1917
Preceded by Joseph M. Carey
Succeeded by Frank L. Houx
Personal details
Born (1857-09-06)September 6, 1857
Rusk, Texas
Died November 3, 1933(1933-11-03) (aged 76)
Sheridan, Wyoming
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Eula Wulfjen
Children Rosa-Maye Kendrick

Manville Kendrick

Profession Politician, Rancher
Religion Methodist

John Benjamin Kendrick (September 6, 1857 – November 3, 1933) was an American politician and cattleman. He served as a United States Senator from Wyoming and as the ninth Governor of Wyoming.

Early life[edit]

Kendrick was born near Rusk, Texas to John Harvey Kendrick and Anna (Maye) Kendrick. He grew up on a ranch and attended the public schools in Texas until he was in the seventh grade.[1] In March, 1879 he moved cattle from Texas to Wyoming (1,500 miles).[2] He arrived in Wyoming in August, 1879 and settled on a ranch near Sheridan, where he raised cattle as a cowboy,[2] ranch foreman,[2] and later cattle company owner.[1] He married Eula Wulfjen (his employer's daughter) on January 20, 1891.[3]

Kendrick worked as foreman for his father-in-law's cattle company from 1879 until 1883.[1] He was employed by (and invested in ownership positions in) the Lance Creek Cattle Company (1885),[1] the Converse Cattle Company (1887, owner in 1897).[2] Kendrick was also President of the First National Bank of Sheridan from 1900 to 1902.[2][1]

A $10 National Bank Note, Series 1882 Brown Back, from the First National Bank of Sheridan, WY with the hand-signed signature of John B. Kendrick.

Career[edit]

In 1909 he was elected President of the Wyoming Stock Growers in 1909. He was a member of the Wyoming State Senate from 1910 to 1914 and was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1913. He was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention from Wyoming in 1916 and 1924.[4]

He then served as Governor of Wyoming from 1915 until he resigned in 1917, having been elected as a Democratic candidate to the United States Senate in 1916.[5] Kendrick was reelected to the Senate in 1922 and 1928 and served from March 4, 1917, until his death at Sheridan, Wyoming, in 1933.[6] In 1932 he received an honorary law degree from the University of Wyoming.[7]

He served as chairman of the Committee on Canadian Relations (Sixty-fifth Congress) and member of the Committee on Public Lands and Surveys (Seventy-third Congress).[8] He was credited with beginning the investigations into the Teapot Dome scandal, a bribery incident that took place from 1922 until 1923. He introduced legislation that helped create the Grand Teton National Park in northwestern Wyoming.[9]

Death and legacy[edit]

Kendrick is interred in Mount Hope Cemetery in Sheridan, Wyoming.[10]

Trail End, completed in 1913, is located in Sheridan, Wyoming. Known locally as the Kendrick Mansion, it was the home of John B. Kendrick and his family. It is now a house museum operated by the Wyoming Department of State Parks and Cultural Resources

.

Kendrick was inducted into the National Cowboy Hall of Fame in 1958.[11]

Further reading[edit]

  • Georgen, Cynde. In the shadow of the Bighorns: A history of early Sheridan and the Goose Creek valley of northern Wyoming. Sheridan, Wyoming: Sheridan County Historical Society, 2010. ISBN 978-0-9792871-7-6
  • Georgen, Cynde A. One cowboy's dream: John B. Kendrick, his family, home, and ranching empire. 2nd edition, revised. Virginia Beach, Virginia: The Donning Company Publishers, 2004. ISBN 1-57864-239-6

Culture[edit]

The following children's book, classified as historical fiction, is loosely based on the life of John B. Kendrick:
Garst, Shannon and Warren Garst. Cowboys and Cattle Trails. The American Adventure Series. Edited by Emmett A. Betts. Chicago: Wheeler Publishing Company, 1948.
This book has been revised by Patsy Parkin and reprinted as A Real Top Hand: John Benjamin Kendrick. Wheatland, Wyoming: Spirit Quest Press, 2011. Parkin is careful to point out that the book remains historical fiction.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Bartlett, p. 255.
  2. ^ a b c d e Peterson, p. 5.
  3. ^ "John Benjamin Kendrick (1857-1933)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  4. ^ "John Benjamin Kendrick (1857-1933)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  5. ^ "John Benjamin Kendrick". Find A Grave. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Sen. John Kendrick". Govtrack.us. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Wyoming Governor John Benjamin Kendrick". National Governors Association. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  8. ^ "KENDRICK, John Benjamin, (1857 - 1933)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Wyoming Governor John Benjamin Kendrick". National Governors Association. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  10. ^ "John Benjamin Kendrick". Find A Grave. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  11. ^ "John Benjamin Kendrick". NNDB. Retrieved November 18, 2012. 

External links[edit]


Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph M. Carey
Governor of Wyoming
January 4, 1915 — February 26, 1917
Succeeded by
Frank L. Houx
United States Senate
Preceded by
Clarence D. Clark
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Wyoming
1917—1933
Succeeded by
Joseph C. O'Mahoney