J. B. Bury
|J. B. Bury|
John Bagnell Bury
|Born||16 October 1861
County Monaghan, Ireland
|Died||1 June 1927
John Bagnell Bury (16 October 1861 – 1 June 1927), known as J. B. Bury, was an Irish historian, classical scholar, Byzantinist and philologist. He objected to the label "Byzantinist" explicitly in the preface to the 1889 edition of his Later Roman Empire.
Bury was born and raised in Clontibret, County Monaghan, where his father was Rector of the Anglican Church of Ireland. He was educated first by his parents and then at Foyle College in Derry and Trinity College in Dublin, where he graduated in 1882 and was made a fellow in 1885, at the age of 24. In 1893 he gained a chair in Modern History at Trinity College, which he held for nine years. In 1898 he was appointed Regius Professor of Greek, also at Trinity, a post he held simultaneously with his history professorship. In 1902 he became Regius Professor of Modern History at Cambridge University.
At Cambridge, Bury became mentor to the medievalist Sir Steven Runciman, who later commented that he had been Bury's "first, and only, student." At first the reclusive Bury tried to brush him off; then, when Runciman mentioned that he could read Russian, Bury gave him a stack of Bulgarian articles to edit, and so their relationship began. Bury was the author of the first truly authoritative biography of Saint Patrick (1905).
Bury's writings, on subjects ranging from ancient Greece to the 19th-century papacy, are at once scholarly and accessible to the layman. His two works on the philosophy of history elucidated the Victorian ideals of progress and rationality which undergirded his more specific histories. He also led a revival of Byzantine history (which he considered and explicitly called Roman history), which English-speaking historians, following Edward Gibbon, had largely neglected. He contributed to, and was himself the subject of an article in, the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. With Frank Adcock and S. A. Cook he edited the Cambridge Ancient History, launched in 1919.
- Nemean Odes of Pindar (1890)
- Isthmian Odes of Pindar (1892)
- History of the Later Roman Empire from Arcadius to Irene (1889) — Volume One, Volume Two
- History of the Roman Empire From its Foundation to the Death of Marcus Aurelius (1893)
- History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great (1900)
- Life of St. Patrick and His Place in History (1905)
- History of the Eastern Empire from the Fall of Irene to the Accession of Basil I (1912)
- History of the Freedom of Thought (1914) — Project Gutenberg free eBook
- Idea of Progress (1920) — Project Gutenberg free eBook
- History of the Later Roman Empire from the Death of Theodosius I to the Death of Justinian (1923) — at LacusCurtius
- The Invasion of Europe by the Barbarians (1928)
- History of the Papacy in the 19th Century (1864–1878) (1930)
- The ancient Greek Historians
As editor 
- Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (1896–1900) — at Online Library of Liberty
- Edward Augustus Freeman, Freeman's Historical Geography of Europe (third edition, 1903)
- Edward Augustus Freeman, The Atlas To Freeman's Historical Geography (third edition, 1903)
- Irish Times, 21 May 2008
- "Glasgow University jubilee" The Times (London). Friday, 14 June 1901. Issue 36481, p. 10.
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