John Bannon

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For the Irish priest, see John Bannon (priest).
The Honourable
John Bannon
AO Ph.D.
John Bannon.jpg
39th Premier of South Australia
Elections: 1982, 1985, 1989
In office
10 November 1982 – 4 September 1992
Monarch Elizabeth II
Governor Sir Donald Dunstan
Dame Roma Mitchell
Deputy John Wright (1982-1985)
Don Hopgood (1985-1992)
Preceded by David Tonkin
Succeeded by Lynn Arnold
Treasurer of South Australia
In office
10 Nov 1982 – 04 Sep 1992
Premier John Bannon
Preceded by David Tonkin
Succeeded by Frank Blevins
32nd Leader of the Opposition (SA)
In office
2 October 1979 – 10 November 1982
Preceded by David Tonkin
Succeeded by John Olsen
Member for Ross Smith
In office
17 September 1977 – 10 December 1993
Preceded by John Jennings
Succeeded by Ralph Clarke
Personal details
Born John Charles Bannon
(1943-05-07) 7 May 1943 (age 71)
Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
Nationality Australian
Political party Australian Labor Party

John Charles Bannon AO (born 7 May 1943) is a former Australian politician. He was the 39th Premier of South Australia, leading the Labor Party to government at the 1982 election. The Bannon Labor government was re-elected at the 1985 election and the 1989 election. As a result of the State Bank collapse, Bannon resigned as Premier and Labor leader in 1992, and from politics in 1993.

Early life[edit]

Bannon was born in Bendigo, Victoria and attended East Adelaide Primary School and St Peter's College in Adelaide.[1] He completed degrees in Arts and Law at the University of Adelaide. While at university, he was co-editor of the student newspaper On Dit along with Ken Scott and Jacqui Dibden in 1964. He was president of the Adelaide University Student Representative Council in 1966-67, president of the Adelaide University Union in 1969-1971 and president of the Australian Union of Students in 1968. Following the completion of his studies, he was an advisor to various governments, including Gough Whitlam's ministry.

Political career[edit]

He was elected to Ross Smith in the South Australian House of Assembly at the 1977 election and promoted to cabinet within a year. Following the resignation of Premier Don Dunstan and Labor's loss in the 1979 election, Bannon was elected to the Labor leadership. Despite factional struggles within the party Bannon (aged 39) managed to return Labor to government in the 1982 election with a 5.9 percent two-party swing, stressing the continuation of prudent budgetary measures that had begun under David Tonkin and emphasising the economic development of the state.

Bannon (left) receives cheque from Prime Minister Bob Hawke for bushfire relief

Bannon's consensual approach to government differed markedly from the Dunstan era. While then there had been a stream of social reform, Bannon's priorities were oriented elsewhere. He sold land reserved for freeways under the MATS plan, established the Olympic Dam copper and uranium mine, the submarine project, the defence industry, conversion of part of the Adelaide Railway Station into the Adelaide Convention Centre, the Hyatt and Adelaide Casino complex, and the staging of the Formula One Grand Prix.[1] Poker machines (pokies) were introduced in South Australia, a decision later regretted by Bannon.[2] Other measures were introduced such as action to prevent destruction of vegetation and urban renewal programmes to invigorate some of the declining inner suburbs in Adelaide.[3]

The economic situation, moribund in the early 80s, rebounded, and Bannon's government was easily re-elected at the 1985 election, achieving a 2.3 percent two-party swing towards them from the Liberal opposition. However, the economy experienced another downturn in the late 80s/early 90s recession, and Bannon was stung at the 1989 election with only 48.1 percent of the two-party vote, a swing of 5.1 percent. Both major parties won 22 seats each, with Labor able to form minority government with the support of two Labor independents. Shortly thereafter, electoral legislation was passed that attempted to ensure that a party that won 50 percent of the two-party-preferred vote would gain office, through a compulsory strategic redrawing of electoral boundaries before each election, making South Australia the only state to do so.

State Bank and resignation[edit]

Bad lending decisions made by the State Bank of South Australia's board and managing director Tim Marcus Clark were exposed. As the bank's owner, the government was the guarantor of $3 billion worth of loans. Bannon remained as Premier during three inquiries, the last two of which cleared him of any deliberate wrongdoing.[1] Bannon stepped down from the offices of Premier and Treasurer and announced that he would not contest his seat of Ross Smith in the coming election. Lynn Arnold replaced Bannon, but at the 1993 election, Labor won only 39 percent of the two-party vote, a swing of 9.1 percent, and were left with only 10 seats in a house of 47.

Post politics[edit]

After retiring from politics, the ABC offered a directorial position to Bannon in 1994 which he accepted. With an interest in South Australian history, he researches at Flinders University. He later studied and obtained a Ph.D. in Australian Political History at Flinders University where he is a professor. He is also an Adjunct Professor at the University of Adelaide Law School and in 2014 he received an honoary doctorate from the University. He was Master of St Mark's College from 2000 to 2007. On Australia Day 2007, he was awarded an Officer of the Order of Australia.[4] He authored Supreme Federalist: The political life of Sir John Downer, which was released in 2009.

Personal life[edit]

John Bannon's first wife was Supreme Court Justice Robyn Layton, with whom he had a daughter, Victoria. His second wife, Angela, is the mother of musician and television personality Dylan Lewis.[5] Bannon's younger brother Nicholas died in Wilpena Pound in 1959.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Words: Penelope Debelle (2009-02-27). "The best I could do was not good enough". Adelaide Now. Retrieved 2011-02-07. 
  2. ^ Not a pokie in sight: The Australian 8 December 2010
  3. ^ Ross McMullin, The Light on the Hill: The Australian Labor Party 1891-1991
  4. ^ It's an Honour - Officer of the Order of Australia
  5. ^ Zwar, Adam (27 May 2001). "Dylan Lewis's Dog Day Afternoon". Sunday Herald Sun (Melbourne). p. Z10. 

External references[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
David Tonkin
Premier of South Australia
1982 – 1992
Succeeded by
Lynn Arnold
Preceded by
David Tonkin
Leader of the Opposition
in South Australia

1979 – 1982
Succeeded by
John Olsen
Parliament of South Australia
Preceded by
John Jennings
Member for Ross Smith
1977 – 1993
Succeeded by
Ralph Clarke
Party political offices
Preceded by
Des Corcoran
Leader of the Australian Labor Party
(SA division)

1979 – 1992
Succeeded by
Lynn Arnold