John Bell (British Army officer)

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Sir John Bell
Born 1 January 1782
Died 20 November 1876
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank General
Battles/wars Peninsular War
Anglo-American War
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

General Sir John Bell GCB (1 January 1782 – 20 November 1876)[1] was a British soldier and magistrate. At the time of his death, he was the senior general of the British Army.

Background[edit]

Born at Bonytoun in the county of Fife, he was the son of David Bell.[1] After attending Dundee Academy, he worked first as a merchant and in 1805 entered the British Army as an ensign of the 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot.[1]

Career[edit]

He went to Sicily a year later and subsequently took part in the Peninsular War until 1814.[2] During this time, he was decorated with the Army Silver Medal with six clasps and received the Army Gold Cross.[2] Bell was wounded in the Battle of Vimeiro in 1808 and was in the war's last years assistant quartermaster-general.[1] In December 1814, he was transferred with his regiment to the United States and was involved in the Anglo-American War until begin of the following year.[1] After his return to England, he was awarded a Companion of the Order of the Bath.[3]

Bell was sent to the Cape of Good Hope as deputy quartermaster-general in 1821[4] and served as chief secretary to the colony's government from 1828.[5] He was appointed an aide-de-camp to King William IV of the United Kingdom in 1831 and was promoted to major-general in 1841.[2] He joined the board of general officers in 1847 and was nominated Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey in the following year, holding that office until 1854.[2]

Bell took command of the 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot in 1850[6] and became a lieutenant-general in 1851.[7] A year later, he was advanced to a Knight Commander of the Bath.[8] In 1853, he received colonelship of the 4th (The King's Own) Regiment of Foot,[9] a command he held until his death in 1876.[10] Bell was further honoured with the Order's Grand Cross in May 1860[11] and was promoted to general in June.[12]

Family[edit]

In 1821, he married Catherine, eldest daughter of James Harris, 1st Earl of Malmesbury.[5] His wife was born in St Petersburg and a godchild of Empress Catherine I of Russia.[1] She died at Upper Hyde Park Street in London in 1855.[13] Bell survived her until 1876, when he died, aged 92, at Cadogan Place.[1] He was interred on Kensal Green Cemetery.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h  Boase, George Clement (1885). "Bell, John (1782-1876)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 4. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 170. 
  2. ^ a b c d Dod, Robert P. (1865). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. pp. 112–113. 
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17061. p. 1880. 16 September 1815. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17703. p. 977. 5 May 1821. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  5. ^ a b Walford, Edward (1860). The County Families of the United Kingdom. London: Robert Hardwicke. p. 44. 
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21109. p. 1812. 28 June 1850. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21262. p. 2965. 11 November 1851. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21307. p. 988. 6 April 1852. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21507. p. 3817. 30 December 1853. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24389. p. 6684. 1 December 1876. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22387. p. 1915. 18 May 1860. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22400. p. 2497. 3 July 1860. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  13. ^ The Annual Register 1856. London: F. & J. Rivington. 1856. p. 333. 
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir William Napier
Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey
1848–1854
Succeeded by
Sir William Knollys
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Richard Armstrong
Colonel of the 95th (Derbyshire) Regiment of Foot
1850–1853
Succeeded by
Sir Francis Cockburn
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Bradford
Colonel of the 4th (The King's Own) Regiment of Foot
1853–1876
Succeeded by
Studholme John Hodgson