John D. Bengtson (born 1957) is an American historical and anthropological linguist. He is a past president and currently a vice-president of the Association for the Study of Language in Prehistory, and has served as editor of the journal Mother Tongue (1996–2003). His areas of specialization include Scandinavian languages and linguistics, Indo-European linguistics, African languages, Dené–Caucasian languages, and paleolinguistics (the study of prehistory through linguistic evidence).
- Bengtson, John D. 1994. (with Merritt Ruhlen) Global Etymologies. In M. Ruhlen, On the Origin of Languages: Studies in Linguistic Taxonomy. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
- 1994. Edward Sapir and the 'Sino-Dene' Hypothesis. Anthropological Science 102.3: 207-230.
- 1995. (with Václav Blažek) Lexica Dene–Caucasica. Central Asiatic Journal 39.1: 11-50; 39.2: 161-164.
- 1997. Ein Vergleich von Buruschaski und Nordkaukasisch. Georgica 20: 88-94.
- 1998. Caucasian and Sino-Tibetan: A Hypothesis of S.A. Starostin. General Linguistics 36.1/2: 33-49.
- 1999. Wider genetic affiliations of the Chinese language. Journal of Chinese Linguistics 27.1: 1-12.
- 2000. (with Václav Blažek) Lexical Parallels Between Ainu and Austric, and Their Implications. Archiv Orientální 68: 237-258.
- 2003. Notes on Basque Comparative Phonology. Mother Tongue 8: 21-39.
- 2004. Some features of Dene–Caucasian phonology (with special reference to Basque). Cahiers de l'Institut de Linguistique de Louvain 30.4: 33-54.