John Benjamin Stone

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John Benjamin Stone with a livery collar.
John Benjamin Stone, portrait by Leslie Ward, 1902

Sir John Benjamin Stone (9 February 1838 – 2 July 1914), known as Benjamin, was a British Conservative politician, and noted photographer.

Life and career[edit]

Stone was born in Aston, Birmingham the son of a local glass manufacturer. He succeeded to the business on the death of his father.

He was a local Conservative politician, founder of the Birmingham Conservative Association and MP for Birmingham East from 1895 to 1909. He was a member of the Sutton Coldfield Corporation for many years and was the first Mayor of the town in 1886 when the new Municipal Corporation was created; a post he held for four years. He was knighted in 1892 and was appointed High Steward of the Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield in 1902.

He was also a prolific amateur documentary photographer who travelled widely in pursuit of his hobby. He made 26,000 photographs and wrote books as he travelled to Spain, Norway, Japan and Brazil. Amongst his published works were A Summer Holiday in Spain (1873), Children of Norway (1882), and a fairy tale called The Traveller's Joy. He also made an invaluable record of the folk customs and traditions of the British Isles, which influenced later photographers of note, including Homer Sykes, Daniel Meadows, Anna Fox and Tony Ray-Jones. Stone wrote of his purpose as being "to portray for the benefit of future generations the manners and custpms, the festivals and pageants, the historic places and places of our times."[1]

Notable images taken by Stone include that of a solar eclipse in Brazil in 1890 and a South American revolution, in which he prevented the rebels from firing at the governor's palace until he had taken photographs of them beside their guns.

The Benjamin Stone Collection housed in the Birmingham Central Library contains many thousands of examples of his work. In 1897 he founded the National Photographic Record Association, of which he became president. The National Portrait Gallery holds 62 of his portraits and many photographs of people and places in and around Westminster. His amateur career culminated in 1911 with his appointment as official photographer to the coronation of King George V.

He became president of the Birmingham Photographic Society, a Justice of the Peace, and a member of the Society of Antiquaries and of the Geological Society. He was admitted as an honorary member of the Clothworkers' Company in February 1902.[2]

Stone died at his home, The Grange in Erdington, on 2 July 1914. His wife of nearly fifty years died on 5 July, just three days later. They were buried together in a double funeral in Sutton Coldfield on 7 July 1914.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quoted in Douglas B. Graham (production editor), Documentary Photography, Time-Life Books, 1974, p. 23
  2. ^ "Court circular" The Times (London). Wednesday, 12 February 1902. (36689), p. 9.

Further reading[edit]

  • Elizabeth Edwards, Peter James and Martin Barnes. A Record of England: Sir Benjamin Stone and the National Photographic Record Association 1897-1910. Stockport: Dewi Lewis in association with V&A Publications, 2006. ISBN 978-1-904587-37-8
  • Colin Ford. Sir Benjamin Stone, 1838-1914 & the National Photographic Record Association. London: National Portrait Gallery, 1974.
  • Bill Jay. Customs and Faces: Photographs of Sir Benjamin Stone. London: Academy Editions, 1972. ISBN 0-902620-83-5
  • Douglas V. Jones. The Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield: a Commemorative History. Sutton Coldfield: Westwood Press, 1994. ISBN 0-9502636-7-2
  • Sir Benjamin Stone's Pictures, Volume 1: Festivals, Ceremonies and Customs. 1906, re-issued 1951.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Matthews, 1st Viscount Llandaff
Member of Parliament for Birmingham East
1895Jan. 1910
Succeeded by
Arthur Steel-Maitland
Party political offices
Preceded by
Arthur Hugh Smith-Barry
Chairman of the National Union of Conservative and Constitutional Associations
1898
Succeeded by
Gerald Walter Erskine Loder