John Bentley (football manager)

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John Bentley
JJBentley.jpg
Personal information
Full name John James Bentley
Date of birth June 1860
Place of birth Chapeltown, Lancashire, England
Date of death September 1918 (age 58)
Place of death Chapeltown, Lancashire, England
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1878–1885 Turton ? (?)
Teams managed
1885–1886 Bolton Wanderers
1887–1895 Bolton Wanderers
1899–1912 Turton
1912–1914 Manchester United
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).

John James Bentley (June 1860 – September 1918) was an English football player and manager, captain, and variously secretary, treasurer and president of Turton F.C., secretary of Bolton Wanderers, the fourth full-time secretary of Manchester United, president of the Football League and vice-president of The Football Association.

Background[edit]

Turton F.C. is one of the oldest Football Clubs in the world; records show that Christ Church F.C. (now Bolton Wanderers) were "initiated by Turton into the technicalities of the London Association Game". Turton played many famous sides including Bolton Wanderers, Blackburn Rovers, Everton, Nottingham Forest, Preston North End and Sheffield Wednesday, and many lesser known local teams such as Westhoughton, Astley Bridge and Darwen F.C.. Records show that most of them "retired well beaten", until the introduction of professionals "put the boot on the other leg". Many of these teams came to Turton for guidance, learning the newly established rules of the game; as such Turton F.C. played a substantial role in the development of the game as we now know it. Records show Turton hosting matches as far back as 1830, though it was not until August 1874 that members voted "that the Rules of the London Football Association be adopted". It was in this year that Bentley made his debut, playing on a field that is now the oldest football pitch in the world still in continuous use.

Professional life[edit]

Bentley's first match for Turton F.C. was against Westhoughton in November 1878, at the age of eighteen. Bentley stepped in when Turton were a man down. After "showing his paces" he became a regular in the team, proving himself to be an excellent half-back.

From 1879 onwards he was sending in match reports to local newspapers. He wrote up the Turton matches under the pen name "Free Critic" and, freely critical of his own performances, contributed regular articles to the Bolton Weekly Journal "Cricket and Football Field".

Bentley was playing for Turton F.C. in September, 1880, when at the invitation of Darwen F.C. the two teams formed the Lancashire County Football Association. Challenges were sent to the Manchester Association, Bolton Wanderers, Cob Wall (Blackburn), Blackburn Rovers, Birch Association, Astley Bridge and Christ Church (Blackburn) Clubs for matches.

A number of Turton players figured in County matches, including John James Bentley, his brother Tom Bentley, H. Brown, W. Forrest, J.J. Greenhalgh, J. Hamer, H. Howarth, James Howarth, W.Mather, T. Scowcroft, C. Tootill, P. Toothill, William Trainer, and J. Waddicor.

Bentley was first team captain in 1881 when Sheffield Wednesday came to Turton for an FA Cup match, soon becoming first secretary and then treasurer of Turton F.C.

In 1882, aged twenty two, he set himself up as an accountant in Acresfield, Bolton. His business thrived, and by 1885 he had given up playing, becoming a collector of income tax and the secretary of Bolton Wanderers. He was described at this time as "bold but extravagant, a genius who lived in the future, inspired by a vision of what football could become".

Between the years 1895 and 1900, John James Bentley was probably the most powerful man English football has ever known.

In 1886 he left his Bolton accountant's office to work in Manchester as Assistant Editor, and later Editor, of "The Athletic News". He became a regular columnist in the Daily Express, Daily Mail and "Football chat", a weekly magazine.

In 1887 William McGregor contacted was John Bentley about the formation of a Football League, because of his influence over Lancashire football. He became a founder committee member of the football league, becoming president on McGregor's retirement in 1894, holding the position until 1910 when he became a life member of the Football League management committee.

After leaving Bolton Wanderers, he became the secretary of Manchester United in 1912. Bentley's guidance changed the club from a bankrupt outfit to the power we now know, relocating the team from Clayton to their now world famous base at Old Trafford. However, he was rather less successful in this role than his predecessor, Ernest Mangnall; he took little interest in the running of the team and largely left the players to their own devices. As a result, the club slumped from being title challengers to barely avoiding relegation, and Bentley handed over to Jack Robson in 1914. He remained involved with Manchester United until retiring from club administration, in 1916, due to ill health.

He also became vice-president of the FA.

Throughout he maintained contact with Turton FC, and was president of the club in the early years of the 20th Century.

Personal life[edit]

John Bentley was born in June 1860 in Chapeltown, a small village to the south of Darwen, between Bolton and Blackburn. His father ran the grocers shop on Chapeltown highstreet, next door to the Chetham arms public house.

He was very keen on the new Harrow game when it was introduced to Chapeltown. His older brothers Thomas and William joined in with the first games played under the Harrow rules, but John was too young to play until the Association Rules had been introduced.

John married and had three children.

John James Bentley died aged fifty eight, and was buried in St Anne's Churchyard, Chapeltown, in September 1918.

Character[edit]

In the words of William Pickford, sports writer for the Manchester evening Chronicle: "He could be an autocrat but was rarely unpopular because he drew men towards him like a magnet, once persuaded they were forever loyal".

In the words of William McGregor: "In all the years I knew John we never exchanged a wrong word, I was always amazed at his unruffled calm, he made mistakes of course but often because he was too generous, money meant little to him he was a soft touch, especially when it came to former players whose requests he rarely refused, he was a man of real worth blind to the faults of his friends, I can honestly say I have never met a kinder or more easy-going man".

Miscellany[edit]

The Turton FC home kit in John Bentley's time is identical to the Bolton Wanderers traditional kit and they share the same colours, perhaps as a consequence of Bentley's role within the two teams.

The Turton FC away kit is identical to the Physical Education Uniform (P.E. kit) of Turton High School (now also Media Arts College), Bolton, which is the nearest school to Turton and along with the whole of East Lancashire the victim of the mid-1970s county relocation to Greater Manchester.

The Turton FC pitch played on by John Bentley is now owned by 'The Old Boltonians', the amateur football team associated with Bolton School. Turton FC now play in Edgworth, a mile or two down the road.

References[edit]

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