John Berry Haycraft
John Berry Haycraft was a professor in physiology and carried out important medical research.
In 1881 he was appointed chair of physiology at Masons College, Birmingham. He taught in Birmingham and attracted many students to the city. During his years in Birmingham and Edinburgh, Haycraft had been actively engaged in research and published papers on the coagulation of blood and in 1884, he discovered that the leech secreted a powerful anticoagulant, which he named hirudin, although it was not isolated until the 1950s, nor its structure fully determined until 1976.
In 1893 he was appointed chair of physiology at University College, Cardiff where he worked until retirement in 1920. Haycraft died three years later.
Books and Articles published
- "Upon the Cause of the Striation of Voluntary Muscular Tissue." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (1854-1905). 1880-01-01. 31:360–379
- "A New Hypothesis concerning Vision." Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (1854-1905). 1893-01-01. 54:272–274
- "On the Action of a Secretion Obtained from the Medicinal Leech on the Coagulation of the Blood". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (1854-1905). 1883-01-01. 36:478–487
- "Darwinism and Race Progress.". Pub: Scribner. London. 1895. (Also previously published in The Lancet.)
- "The Human Body. A Physiology Reader for Schools." Pub: Thomas Nelson & Sons. London. 1902.