|Birth name||John Blanche|
|Field||Illustration, modeling, miniature painting|
|Movement||Fantasy, science fiction|
|Awards||Master Painter, Games Day 1987|
John Blanche is a British fantasy and science fiction illustrator and modeler known for his work for Games Workshop's White Dwarf magazine, Warhammer Fantasy Battle, Warhammer Fantasy Roleplay and Warhammer 40,000 games and his role as art director for the company, including his work in the field of fantasy miniature painting, and for illustrations for various game book and Fighting Fantasy publications.
Blanche was born into a working-class family in post-war England, and grew up on a Council estate during the 1950s, a period he describes as 'grey and flat', and lacking in the visual richness available to modern youth. Instead he took early inspiration from cinema, his collections of toy soldiers, and producing drawings of historic warriors on the backs of old rolls of wallpaper.
During the 1960s Blanche was exposed to art and art movements, eventually attending art college, where he entered a course on the strength of his drawings and paintings of battle scenes and prehistoric conflicts, and where he recounts that he was told he "had a romantic spirit, but it would never earn me a living, so there was no point in doing it".
|“||[...] The people there seemed unaware of art in all its heroic glory. . . people stood back and expected me to metamorphose into an existentialist of sorts. Well, I couldn't even spell that, so I drifted into graphics and became exposed to illustration, hippydom, and The Lord of the Rings. Even then, I was told never to invent for the sake of it and that I would never get a job painting pictures of angels, dragons, goblins and trolls.||”|
After leaving college, Blanche spent time working as an assistant to a taxidermist in a Georgian manor-house, and worked on model building, drawing wildlife and painting fantastic scenes in his spare time.
After discovering published examples of fantasy art prevalent at the time, Blanche began preparing work for publication, eventually relocating to London and approaching artist and publisher Roger Dean. Dean provided him with the opportunity for freelance illustration work, and Blanche subsequently spent the late 70s and early 80s producing book covers and interior illustrations, including five illustrations for David Day's compendium, A Tolkien Bestiary.
Also at around this time, during the late 1970s, Blanche became an avid collector of metal miniatures, and eventually of fantasy miniatures as these became available. In later years he would go on to contribute numerous articles to White Dwarf on the hobby, as well as contributing to and overseeing designs for miniatures, and receiving the Master Painter award for one of his own miniature pieces at the UK Games Day convention in 1987.
From 1977 Blanche became associated with Games Workshop, supplying the cover for issue 4 of their gaming publication White Dwarf, and producing the cover for the first British edition of Dungeons & Dragons, for which the company possessed the UK licence, and in 1978 the magazine's first full-colour cover with issue 7. After 1979 he continued to produce work for the company, including further illustrations for the magazine and the box art for the first edition of Games Workshop's own Warhammer Fantasy Battle game in 1983.
After the company's move to Nottingham in 1986, Blanche was eventually made art director of Games Workshop through his acquaintance with new manager Bryan Ansell, directing the in-house art department, commissioning work from outside illustrators, and producing designs for Citadel Miniatures and artwork, and where he currently remains. He has overseen and contributed to regular art and miniature painting columns in White Dwarf for many years, as well as providing numerous illustrations for Games Workshop games, and, with other artists like Ian Miller and Adrian Smith, providing a formative contribution to the look of the companies core products.
In 1988 Blanche provided the cover for Notts thrash metal band Sabbat's album History of a Time to Come, which featured his piece Horned is the Hunter, with White Dwarf issue 95 including the band's Warhammer-inspired single Blood for the Blood God as a flexi-disc.
He is also known for his illustrations for fantasy gamebooks, including the Fighting Fantasy series, for which he produced cover and interior illustratons for Jackson's Sorcery! quartet and accompanying spellbook.
In recent years, following a period of poor health, he has focused more on working on sketchbooks relating to Warhammer and Warhammer 40,000, describing himself as "living in the worlds he has helped to create".
Style and technique
Blanche is known for the dark, gothic, occasionally bizarre, punkish quality of his artwork, and this is something that has carried across onto the Games Workshop game worlds he has helped to shape. His images are, in the words of Patrick Woodroffe, of a style which "has as yet no name, no easy access, no fixed criteria. [...] Is it packaging? Is it comic-book art? Where does it fit? Roleplaying games, and all the paraphernalia that go with them, must still be unfamiliar to the average citizen of this land."
Blanche himself views his work as drawing on an archetypal core of inherited imagery:
|“||The first images of primeval man would concern themselves with hunting scenes, heroic action, mighty beasts, death masks, war paint, fetishes and trophies. Today we see the same sorts of themes represented in punk haircuts, studded leather and even in the imagery employed in films like Bladerunner and Aliens. This is the heritage of Western culture, and that is what I am trying to tap when I paint.||”|
Early in his career Blanche was influenced by turn-of-the-century illustrators such as Arthur Rackham and Kay Nielsen, and his exposure to the fantasy genre through writers like J.R.R.Tolkien. Favourite artists have included Rembrandt, Bosch, Dürer, Grünewald, Shishkin, the Pre-Raphaelites, Friedrich, Géricault and Gérôme, and the Victorian romanticists, as well as contemporary illustrators such as Jim Burns and Patrick Woodroffe, and he also cites everything from other media like film and comics, to everyday people and the natural world as sources of inspiration. Blanche has often incorporated images from other artists into his own work, with the Mona Lisa featuring in several pieces, an act he describes as "no mere plagiarism, but a deliberate policy. . . to place what is probably the worlds's best known painted image into a new reality." Others of his works have included elements of paintings by David and Géricault.
Interpretation, for Blanche, is literal, with an absence of intended messages or secret meanings; images are to be enjoyed for what they are, and he aims to draw the viewer to an appeciation of technique, colour, atmosphere, relationship of shapes, dynamics and characters, and the narrative quality of the image. One painting in particular, however, entitled Amazonia Gothique, was something he cites as an effort to produce a deliberate comment:
|“||[...] I was utterly sick of seeing brilliant artists producing painting after painting of near-naked fantasy females with chests the size of airships. . . Elements of this style of fantasy art were creeping onto the front of White Dwarf. . . I was receiving letters on a weekly basis, complaining about what people saw as exploitation of the female form.||”|
The painting was used as the cover for White Dwarf 79, and later as a poster, and even formed the basis for a metal miniature, and went on to be voted best cover of the year in a magazine poll.
Blanche's early work tended to be executed using technical drawing pens combined with washes of water-colour, a technique that remained until the early 1980s, after which he began to utilise inks and acylics instead, using what he describes as a 'fully-modeled painting technique' designed to mimic the oil painting methods of classical and romantic art. He has also, albeit very rarely, utilised oils. This glaze-based technique allows for undertones to shine through the overlaid colours giving the finished image an inner light effect, although this is predominantly lost in the reproduction process. Most of Blanche's paintings, with a few exceptions, are smaller than A4 in size. In executing work, he uses a variety of visual references ranging from friends posing for paintings, books, and collections of images from printed colour supplements. Each element of an image is constructed separately in a sketch pad, and planned on lay-out pads before being transferred to art board. This is then shaded in with a pencil and coloured using a limited selection of inks. Highlights and texture are added with white acrylic, and coloured washes and glazes are overlaid on top of this. Airbrushes are also used to fill in large areas like skies and to provide a smooth background for the image, and occasionally to add mists or atmosphere. Random elements are sometimes incorporated, the result of freely applied strokes, dripped pigment, and the use of the airbrush.
|“||John's often tiny paintings are immaculate, painstakingly accurate, jewel-like in the intensity of repeatedly glazed colours. To be fully appreciated they must be seen as original for it is their small size that somehow emphasizes their uniqueness. [...] John's fondness for Latin slogans may seem out of place, and yet a glimpse of the originals makes one realise that such miniature work is not even one step removed from the work of the medieval illuminator. What throws us is the gods are different, or at least the devils are. This is very modern stuff. Different. Hard to assess.||”|
- "Interview with John Blanche". http://seangoblin.blogspot.com/. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- Blanche, John; Miller, Ian (1989). Ratspike. Brighton: GW Books. ISBN 978-1-872372-00-6.
- Day, David (1995). A Tolkien Bestiary. Gramercy. ISBN 978-0-517-12077-4.
- "White Dwarf issue 4". http://www.gamehobby.net/. Retrieved 4 October 2009.
- Livingstone, Ian (Feb/Mar 1978). "Games Day III". White Dwarf (Games Workshop) 1 (5): 15.
- "White Dwarf issue 7". http://www.gamehobby.net/. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
- "John Blanche". http://www.pen-paper.net/. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- Bambra, Jim; Gallagher, Phil; Davis, Graeme (1986). The Enemy Within. Nottingham: Games Workshop. ISBN 1-869893-04-2.
- "John Blanche". http://www.blacklibrary.com/. Games Workshop Limited. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- "White Dwarf Issue 95". http://www.gamehobby.net. Retrieved 4 October 2009.
- "Books Illustrated by John Blanche". http://www.gamebooks.org/. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- "John Blanche". http://www.abandonart.co.uk/. Retrieved 11 September 2009.
- "White Dwarf 11". http://www.gamehobby.net/. Retrieved 7 October 2009.
- gothic punk The largest online collection of Blanche's work (fan-created)
- Abandon Art - A short description of Blanche
- The Black Library interview - An interview with John Blanche from The Black Library
- John Blanche artwork on a gaming and art blog
- John Blanche original artwork for sale on a book and art sales site
- A short interview with Blanche on a French Warhammer site
- Information on Blanche's work on Warhammer 40k