Sir John Borlase Warren, 1st Baronet

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Sir John Borlase Warren, 1st Baronet
SirJohnBorlaseWarrenPU3335.jpg
Sir John Borlase Warren, by Daniel Orme, 1799
Born 2 September 1753
Stapleford, Nottinghamshire, England
Died 27 February 1822(1822-02-27) (aged 68)
Greenwich Hospital, London[1]
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1771–1799
Rank Admiral
Battles/wars Battle of Tory Island (incomplete list)
Awards Baronet

Sir John Borlase Warren, 1st Baronet (2 September 1753 – 27 February 1822), was an English admiral, politician and diplomat. Born in Stapleford, Nottinghamshire, he was the son and heir of John Borlase Warren (died 1763[2]) of Stapleford and Little Marlow. He entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge in 1769, but in 1771 entered the Royal Navy as an able seaman;[3] in 1774 he became member of Parliament for Great Marlow; and in 1775 he was created a baronet, the baronetcy held by his ancestors, the Borlases, having become extinct in 1689.

His career as a seaman really began in 1777, and two years later he obtained command of a ship. In April 1794, as Commodore of the frigate squadron off the north west French coast assisting in the blockade of Brest, Warren and his squadron captured a number of French frigates.[1] In 1795, he commanded one of the two squadrons carrying troops for the Quiberon expedition and in 1796 his frigate squadron off Brest is said to have captured or destroyed 220 vessels.[1] In October 1798, a French fleet — carrying 5,000 men — sailed from Brest intending to invade Ireland.[1] The plan was frustrated in no small part due to the squadron under his command during the Action of 12 October 1798.

In 1802, he was sworn of the Privy Council and sent to St. Petersburg as ambassador extraordinary,[1] but he did not forsake the sea. In 1806 he captured a large French warship, the Marengo, at the Action of 13 March 1806. He was commander-in-chief on the North American Station from 1807 to 1810.[1] He became an Admiral in 1810, and was commander-in-chief on this Station again from 1813 to 1814.[1] During the British invasion he led a detail of British troops that occupied Havre de Grace and set fire to much of the town, including the home of Commodore John Rodgers.[4] He died on 27 February 1822. His two sons predeceased him. His daughter and heiress, Frances Maria (1784–1837), married George Venables-Vernon, 4th Baron Vernon. Their son was George Venables-Vernon, 5th Baron Vernon.

There is a monument to him in St. Mary's Church, Attenborough in Nottinghamshire. A popular figure in the area of his birth, there are a number of pubs named after him in Nottingham and nearby towns.

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Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Clayton
William Dickinson
Member of Parliament for Great Marlow
1774-1784
With: William Clayton 1774-1783
William Clayton 1783-1784
Succeeded by
William Clayton
Sir Thomas Rich
Preceded by
Robert Smith
Daniel Parker Coke
Member of Parliament for Nottingham
1797-1800
With: Daniel Parker Coke
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Nottingham
1801-1806
With: Daniel Parker Coke 1801-1802, 1803-1806
Joseph Birch 1802-1803
Succeeded by
Daniel Coke
John Smith
Preceded by
Thomas Grenville
Sir William Young, 2nd Bt.
Member of Parliament for Buckingham
1807
With: Thomas Grenville
Succeeded by
Thomas Grenville
Richard Neville
Military offices
Preceded by
George Cranfield-Berkeley
Commander-in-Chief, North American Station
1807–1810
Succeeded by
Herbert Sawyer
Preceded by
Herbert Sawyer
Commander-in-Chief, North American Station
1813–1814
Succeeded by
Sir Alexander Cochrane
Baronetage of Great Britain
New creation Baronet
(of Little Marlow)
1775-1822
Extinct