John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners
John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners by Ambrosius Benson.jpg
Portrait by Ambrosius Benson, 1520–1526
Spouse(s) Katherine Howard

Issue

Thomas Bourchier
Joan Bourchier
Margaret Bourchier
Mary Bourchier
Humphrey Bourchier
Sir James Bourchier
George Bourchier
Ursula Bourchier
Father Sir Humphrey Bourchier
Mother Elizabeth Tilney
Born c.1467
Died 19 March 1533
Calais
Buried Calais

John Bourchier, 2nd Baron Berners (1467 – 19 March 1533) was an English soldier, statesman and translator.

Family[edit]

John Bourchier, born about 1467, was the only son of Sir Humphrey Bourchier (d.1471) and Elizabeth Tilney (d.1497), the daughter and sole heir of Sir Frederick Tilney of Boston, Lincolnshire. Through his father, Bourchier was descended from King Edward III; his great-grandmother, Anne of Gloucester, was the daughter of Thomas of Woodstock, King Edward's youngest son.[1]

By his mother's first marriage, Bourchier had two sisters, Anne, who married Thomas Fiennes, 8th Baron Dacre of Gilsland, and Margaret, who married firstly, John Sandys, secondly, Sir Thomas Bryan, and thirdly, David Zouche.

After the death of Sir Humphrey Bourchier, his widow, Elizabeth, married Thomas Howard, then Earl of Surrey, and later 2nd Duke of Norfolk.[2] By his mother's second marriage Bourchier had ten siblings of the half blood, Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, Lord Edward Howard, Lord Edmund Howard, Sir John Howard, Henry Howard, Charles Howard, Henry Howard (again), Richard Howard, Elizabeth Howard, and Muriel Howard.[3]

Career[edit]

After his father was slain fighting on the Yorkist side at the Battle of Barnet in 1471, Bourchier became a ward of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk. As noted above, Bourchier's mother, Elizabeth, had married as her second husband Thomas Howard, the eldest son and heir of Bourchier's guardian by his first wife, Katherine Moleyns. In 1474 Bourchier's grandfather, John Bourchier, 1st Baron Berners, died, and Bourchier inherited the title at the age of seven.[4]

He was educated at Oxford University.

Bourchier held various offices of state, including Lieutenant of Calais from 28 November 1520 and Chancellor of the Exchequer from 14 July 1524 that of to King Henry VIII.

He translated, at the King's desire, Froissart's Chronicles (1523–1525), in such a manner as to make a distinct advance in English historical writing, and the Golden Book of Marcus Aurelius (1534), as well as The History of Arthur of Lytell Brytaine (Brittany), and the romance of Huon of Bordeaux.[5]

Bourchier died at Calais in 1533.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Before 13 May 1490 Bourchier married his step-father's half-sister, Katherine Howard, the daughter of John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk, by his second wife, Margaret Chedworth, daughter of Sir John Chedworth, and by her had a son and three daughters:[6]

  • Thomas Bourchier, who predeceased his father.
  • Joan Bourchier (d.1561), who married Sir Edmund Knyvet (d. 1 May 1539), sergeant porter to King Henry VIII, and was her father's heir.
  • Margaret Bourchier, who predeceased her father.
  • Mary Bourchier, who married Alexander Unton of Wadley, but died without issue, predeceasing her father.

By a mistress[7] Bourchier had three illegitimate sons and an illegitimate daughter:[8]

  • Humphrey Bourchier (d.1540), esquire, who married Elizabeth Bacon, but had no issue. After Humphrey Bourchier's death his widow married George Ferrers, esquire.
  • Sir James Bourchier (d.1554), who married Mary Bannaster, daughter of Sir Humphrey Bannaster.
  • George Bourchier
  • Ursula Bourchier, who married Sir William Sharington.[9]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Richardson I 2011, pp. 280–288; Carley 2004.
  2. ^ Carley 2004; Richardson I 2011, pp. 284–5.
  3. ^ Richardson II 2011, pp. 412–413.
  4. ^ Carley 2004.
  5. ^ Carley 2004.
  6. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 287; Richardson II 2011, pp. 412–413; Challis 2004.
  7. ^ She is said to have been named Elizabeth Bacon, but according to Richardson this is likely the result of confusion between Bourchier's mistress and the wife of his illegitimate son, Humphrey Bourchier.
  8. ^ Richardson I 2011, pp. 287–90; Challis 2004.
  9. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 287; Challis 2004.

References[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Bourchier
Baron Berners
1474–1533
Succeeded by
Jane Knyvett
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Lovell
Chancellor of the Exchequer of England
1524–?1533
Succeeded by
Thomas Cromwell