John Brinkley (astronomer)
 Early years
Brinkley was born in Woodbridge, Suffolk and was baptised there on 31 January 1763, the illegitimate son of Sarah Brinkley, a butcher's daughter. On being admitted to Cambridge, he was recorded as being the son of John Toler Brinkley, a vintner, but it is strongly suggested that his real father was John Toler, 1st Earl of Norbury, Chief Justice of the Irish Court of Common Pleas.
His exact date of birth is unknown; he has often been assigned the birth year 1763, as at least one obituary gives his age at death in 1835 as 72. However, his memorial at Trinity College, Dublin states that he died aged 70; also, he was recorded as being 17 upon matriculation at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge in August 1783, both of which imply a slightly later birth year.
He graduated B.A. in 1788 as senior wrangler and Smith's Prizeman, was elected a fellow of the college and was awarded M.A. in 1791. He was ordained at Lincoln Cathedral in the same year, and in 1792 became the second Andrews Professor of Astronomy in the University of Dublin, which carried the new title of Astronomer Royal for Ireland. Together with John Law, Bishop of Elphin, he drafted the chapter on "Astronomy" in William Paley's Natural Theology. His main work concerned stellar astronomy and he published his Elements of Plane Astronomy in 1808. He was awarded the Copley Medal by the Royal Society in 1824. Brinkley's observations that several stars shifted their apparent place in the sky in the course of a year were disproved at Greenwich by his contemporary John Pond, the Astronomer Royal. In 1826, he was appointed Bishop of Cloyne in County Cork, a position he held for the remaining nine years of his life. Brinkley was elected President of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1831, serving in that position for two years.
Brinkley married Esther, daughter of Matthew Weld of Molesworth Street, Dublin, by his wife Elizabeth Kane, daughter of Alderman Nathaniel Kane (d. 1757) of Drumreaske, Co. Monaghan, Sheriff (1720) and Lord Mayor (1734) of Dublin, and co-founder of the Bank of Kane & Latouche. Brinkley and his wife were the parents of two sons: John (1793–1840), a clergyman; and Matthew (1797–1855) J.P., of Parsonstown House, Co. Meath, who married a daughter of Dean Richard Graves and was the father of Francis Brinkley.
- Venn, John, 'Brinkley, John', Biographical History of Gonville and Caius College 1349-1897, vol. ii, pp. 107-8. Cambridge University Press, 1898.
- Venn, J.; Venn, J. A., eds. (1922–1958). "Brinkley, John". Alumni Cantabrigienses (10 vols) (online ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Gentleman's Magazine. November 1835, p. 547.
- W Paley, Natural Theology (1802); footnote in the "Astronomy" chapter.
- "LIST OF PRESIDENTS AND DATES OF OFFICE". A brief history of the RAS. Royal Astronomical Society. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
- Burke's Landed Gentry of Ireland, 1912. (Weld and Brinkley pedigrees)
- W. W. Rouse Ball, A History of the Study of Mathematics at Cambridge University, 1889, repr. Cambridge University Press, 2009, ISBN 978-1-108-00207-3, p. 109
|Church of Ireland titles|
Charles Mongan Warburton
|Bishop of Cloyne
Bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross