John Brinsley the elder
John Brinsley the elder (fl. 1581–1624) was an English schoolmaster, known for his educational works.
He was educated at Christ's College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A. in 1584 and M.A. in 1588. He became the master of the school at Ashby-de-la-Zouch in Leicestershire, brought there by Henry Hastings, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon. The astrologer William Lilly, who calls him a "strict puritan", was one of his pupils. Brinsley was close to Arthur Hildersham, a local Puritan minister who at this period ended in the Fleet Prison for his views. Around 1620 Brinsley himself lost his post, expelled for nonconformity, and went to London as a lecturer.
His best-known work is Ludus Literarius: or, the Grammar Schoole; shewing how to proceede from the first entrance into learning to the highest perfection required in the Grammar Schooles, London, 1612 and 1627. Generally Brinsley follows Roger Ascham, and was not concerned to be an innovator within the tradition of humanist education, but he did indicate ways of adapting that tradition to the particular context of the grammar school. The work takes the form of a dialogue of two schoolmasters, discussing education of the young in the large. It argues for more regard for the vernacular tongue.
He was much concerned and occupied with classical texts, as translator and for their rhetorical values. The Latin grammar on which he relied was that of William Lilye. Brinsley recommended Ovid, and the Raphael Regius edition, in A Consolation for our Grammar Schooles. In the same work he advocates a more sympathetic approach to teaching, and teacher training, in several anticipations of the views of Comenius.
- Claire Cross, The Puritan Earl: The Life of Henry Hastings, Third Earl of Huntingdon 1536-1595 (1966), p. 124.
- "Brinsley, John (fl.1633)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Venn, J.; Venn, J. A., eds. (1922–1958). "Brinsley, John". Alumni Cantabrigienses (10 vols) (online ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Derek Parker, Familiar to All: William Lilly and Astrology in the Seventeenth Century (1973), London, Cape, p. 30.
- Daniel Murphy, Comenius: A Critical Reassessment of his Life and Works (1995), p. 61.
- A Consolation for our Grammar Schooles; or a faithfull incouragement for laying of a sure foundation of all good learninge in our Schooles, London, 1622.
- Kathryn L. McKinley, Reading the Ovidian heroine: "Metamorphoses" commentaries 1100-1618 (2001), p. 130.
- The Posing of the Parts: or, a most plaine and easie way of examining the accidence and grammar by questions and answers, London, 1630; 10th ed. London, 1647.
- Stephen Clucas, In search of the 'True Logick' , pp. 64-5 in Mark Greengrass, Michael Leslie (editors), Samuel Hartlib and Universal Reformation: Studies in Intellectual Communication (2002).
- John William Adamson (1921), Pioneers of Modern Education 1600-1700, pp. 20–31.
- Morgan, John. "Brinsley, John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/3440. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- John Brinsley and His Friends (PDF)