John Brown House (Providence, Rhode Island)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For similarly named houses, see John Brown House (disambiguation).
John Brown House
John Brown House, Providence, RI edit1.jpg
Front elevation and west profile in 2008
John Brown House (Providence, Rhode Island) is located in Rhode Island
John Brown House (Providence, Rhode Island)
Location 52 Power St., Providence, Rhode Island
Coordinates 41°49′22″N 71°24′16″W / 41.82278°N 71.40444°W / 41.82278; -71.40444Coordinates: 41°49′22″N 71°24′16″W / 41.82278°N 71.40444°W / 41.82278; -71.40444
Area 2 acres (0.81 ha)
Built 1786
Architect Joseph Brown
Architectural style Georgian
Governing body Rhode Island Historical Society
Part of College Hill Historic District (#70000019)
NRHP Reference # 68000007
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 24, 1968[1]
Designated NHL November 24, 1968[2]
Designated NHLDCP November 10, 1970

The John Brown House is the first mansion built in Providence, Rhode Island. It is located at 52 Power Street on College Hill, and borders the campus of Brown University. The house is named after the original owner and one of the early benefactors of the University, the early American merchant, statesman and slave trader, John Brown. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1968.[2][3]

John Quincy Adams considered the house "the most magnificent and elegant private mansion that I have ever seen on this continent."[3]

History[edit]

The main structure was built in 1786 by John Brown.[4] Notable guests during this time include George Washington, who is reported to have visited for tea.

House photographed in 1918

The house was sold in 1901 to the prominent Rhode Island industrialist and banker Marsden J. Perry. Under Marsden's supervision, the extension was renovated to add in modern bathrooms and central heating systems. It was purchased by John Nicholas Brown in 1936.

In 1942, the Brown family donated the house to the Rhode Island Historical Society for preservation.[3] The house was restored to its original colonial decor. The museum now contains many original furniture pieces provided by the Brown family estate.

Description[edit]

The house is a three-story brick structure, with a hip roof topped by a flat section. Both the main roof line and that of the flat section are ringed by a low balustrade. Four chimneys rise from the sides of the house, and its main entrance is in a center projecting section, topped by small triangular pediment. The entry is sheltered by a portico supported by sandstone Doric columns. Above this portico is a Palladian window. The interior of the house follows a traditional Georgian plan, with a central hallway flanked by two rooms on either side. The hall is a particularly grand one, with engaged columns on which architectural busts are mounted, and a two-stage stairwell with an ornate twisting banister. Richly detailed woodwork is evident in all of the public rooms. Eleven of the building's twelve mantelpieces are original.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ a b "John Brown House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  3. ^ a b c d Patricia Heintzelman (February 25, 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: John Brown House PDF (32 KB)". National Park Service.  and Accompanying 11 photos, exterior and interior, from 1967 and 1974 PDF (32 KB)
  4. ^ Old Providence: A Collection of Facts and Traditions Relating to Various. http://books.google.com/books?id=9F0BAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA32&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=0_0#PPA32,M1: Merchants National Bank of Providence. 1918. 

External links[edit]