John Burningham (born 27 April 1936) is an English author and illustrator of children's books, especially picture books for young children. He lives in north London with his wife Helen Oxenbury, another illustrator. As of August 2012, his latest published work is a husband-and-wife collaboration, There's Going to Be a New Baby (Walker Books, September 2011), written by John and illustrated by Helen for "ages 2+".
Burningham won the 1963 and 1970 Kate Greenaway Medals for British children's book illustration. The first was for his debut as illustrator (and author), Borka: The Adventures of a Goose With No Feathers, named one of the top ten winning works for the 50th anniversary of the Medal (1955–2005). His second Greenaway Medal winner, Mr Gumpy's Outing (1970), is his work most widely held in WorldCat participating libraries, and it also won the annual Boston Globe–Horn Book Award (U.S.) in the picture books category.
For his lasting contribution as a children's illustrator, Burningham was one of five or six finalists in 2012 and in 2014 for the biennial, international Hans Christian Andersen Award, the highest recognition available to creators of children's books. He was the U.K. national nominee in 1980 and 1986.
Burningham was born 27 April 1936, in Farnham, Surrey, England, to Charles and Jessie (Mackintosh) Burningham. He was educated at the alternative school Summerhill. In 1953 he joined the Friends' Ambulance Unit. He entered the Central School of Art when he was 20 and graduated in 1959.
After work on posters (for London and British Transport) and animated films, Burningham debuted both as book author and book illustrator in 1963 with the picture book Borka: The Adventures of a Goose With No Feathers, published by Jonathan Cape. For that he won the 1963 Kate Greenaway Medal from the Library Association, recognising the year's best children's book illustration by a British subject. For the 50th anniversary of the Medal (1955–2005), a panel of experts named Borka one of the top ten winning works, which composed the ballot for a public election of the nation's favourite.
Cape was soon looking for someone to illustrate a forthcoming children's adventure serial called Chitty-Chitty-Bang-Bang that was written by Ian Fleming, its most successful author at the time. Fleming had suggested cartoonist "Trog" (Wally Fawkes) of the Daily Mail, but the newspaper would not allow the illustrator of their popular Flook strip to work for an author whose James Bond stories were adapted as a comic strip for its arch-rival Daily Express. Fleming consulted his motor engineer friend Charles Amherst Villiers, who produced a sketch based on Fleming's description of the magical car—this drawing was passed to Cape's popular new illustrator John Burningham, who was asked to illustrate the whole series on the strength of his debut story Borka. Chitty-Chitty-Bang-Bang was originally published in three volumes, 1964–1965; the omnibus edition followed in 1968. Burningham's witty and timeless art-work, along with Fleming's imaginative text, led Chitty to become the most famous and best loved car in English-language fiction.
In 1964 Burningham married author-illustrator Helen Gillian Oxenbury, who won the 1969 Greenaway Medal. He won the next year for Mr Gumpy's Outing (Cape, 1970), the first illustrator to win twice. Oxenbury was later a highly commended runner up four times, and eventually won a second Medal of her own for an edition of Alice in Wonderland (Walker, 1999) that was also named to the anniversary top ten.
Burningham has contributed to more than sixty other books and has received many awards including the 1980 Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis, Picture book category, for Was ist dir lieber ... (ISBN 3-7941-5094-5), the German-language edition of Would you rather ... (Cape, 1978, ISBN 0-224-01635-0). Google books calls it 'A series of comical choices such as, "Would you rather eat spider stew or slug dumplings or mashed worms?"'.
For both writing and illustrating Granpa (1984) he won the "Emil": the Kurt Maschler Award, annually (1982 to 1999) recognising one UK-published "work of imagination for children, in which text and illustration are integrated so that each enhances and balances the other." It was adapted as a 1989 animated film of the same name.
In 2012 Burningham was one of five finalists for the biennial international Hans Christian Andersen Award for Illustration, which recognises a living "illustrator whose complete works have made lasting contributions to children's literature." Thirty national sections of the International Board on Books for Young People had exercised the option to nominate someone. The jury summarised, "John Burningham from the UK uses delicate irony mixed with innocence and high seriousness that with his use of line and colour, creates an intimacy with the reader."
Burningham has both written and illustrated almost all of his published books. The four exceptions are listed here.
- Borka: The Adventures of a Goose With No Feathers (Jonathan Cape, 1963)
- ABC (Cape, 1964); also John Burningham's ABC
- Chitty Chitty Bang Bang: the magical car by Ian Fleming (Cape, three vols. October 1964 to January 1965)
- The Extraordinary Tug-of-war retold by Letta Schatz (Follett, 1968)
- Mr Gumpy's Outing (Cape, 1970)
- Around the World in Eighty Days (Cape, 1972)
- Mr Gumpy's Motor Car (Cape, 1973)
- Come away from the water, Shirley (Cape, 1977)
- Time to get out of the bath, Shirley (Cape, 1978)
- The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame (Kestrel, 1983) —an edition of the 1908 classic
- Granpa (Cape, 1984)
- There's going to be a new baby (Walker Books, 2011), illustrated by Helen Oxenbury —husband and wife, their first collaboration
Works about Burningham
- John Burningham, John Burningham (2009)
- D. Martin, "John Burningham", in Douglas Martin, The Telling Line: Essays on Fifteen Contemporary Book Illustrators (Julia MacRae Books, 1989), pp. 215–27
- "John Burningham". Bloomsbury.com. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
- "Helen Oxenbury". Fresh Fiction. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
- "John Burningham". Walker Books. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
- "John Burningham". British Council: Literature. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
- (Greenaway Winner 1963). Living Archive: Celebrating the Carnegie and Greenaway Winners. CILIP. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- (Greenaway Winner 1970). Living Archive: Celebrating the Carnegie and Greenaway Winners. CILIP. Retrieved 2012-07-15.
- "70 Years Celebration: Anniversary Top Tens". The CILIP Carnegie & Kate Greenaway Children's Book Awards. CILIP. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
- "Burningham, John". WorldCat. Retrieved 2012-08-28.
- "Boston Globe–Horn Book Awards: Winners and Honor Books 1967 to present". The Horn Book. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- "2012 Awards". Hans Christian Andersen Awards. International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY).
"John Burningham – Finalist". Hans Christian Andersen Awards. IBBY. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
- "The Hans Christian Andersen Award Jury of IBBY Announces the 2012 Short List". IBBY press release 6 March 2012. Raab Associates. Retrieved 2012-11-26.
- "2014 Awards". Hans Christian Andersen Awards. International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY). With contemporary material including the 17 March 2014 shortlist press release. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- "Candidates for the Hans Christian Andersen Awards 1956–2002". The Hans Christian Andersen Awards, 1956–2002. IBBY. Gyldendal. 2002. Pages 110–18. Hosted by Austrian Literature Online (literature.at). Retrieved 2013-07-23.
- "Picture Books Author of the Month: John Burningham". Greenville Public Library entry. Retrieved 2008-03-15.
- "John Burningham". The British Library. Retrieved 2008-03-15.
- "Borka ... 40th Anniversary Edition". Biblio.com. Retrieved 2008-03-15.
- Howard, Michael. Jonathan Cape, Publisher (Cape, 1971).
- Selina Skipwith (Keeper of Art at The Fleming Collection). "John Burningham: An Illustrated Journey". Scottish Arts News Magazine 16, Autumn 2011.
- "Kate Greenaway Medal". 2007(?). Curriculum Lab. Elihu Burritt Library. Central Connecticut State University. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
- "John (Mackintosh) Burningham (1936-) Biography - Personal, Addresses, Career, Honors Awards, Writings, Adaptations, Sidelights". jrank.org. Retrieved 2008-03-15.
- "Kurt Maschler Awards". Book Awards. bizland.com. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
- John Burningham at British Council: Literature
- John Burningham at the Internet Movie Database
- "John Burningham: Nicolette Jones meets the children's writer and illustrator", The Telegraph 22 May 2009
- "Flights of fancy: It's 40 years since Borka ...", The Guardian 7 March 2003
- "John Burningham – a life in pictures", a 13-picture gallery, The Guardian 21 March 2011