John C. Mather

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John Cromwell Mather
John-C-Mather.jpg
Born (1946-08-07) August 7, 1946 (age 67)
Roanoke, Virginia, USA
Residence United States
Nationality United States
Fields Astrophysics, cosmology
Institutions NASA
University of Maryland
Alma mater Swarthmore College
University of California, Berkeley
Doctoral advisor Paul L. Richards
Known for Cosmic microwave background radiation studies
Notable awards Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics (1993)
Nobel Prize in Physics (2006)
For other persons with a similar name, see John Mather.

John Cromwell Mather (b. August 7, 1946, Roanoke, Virginia) is an American astrophysicist, cosmologist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate for his work on the Cosmic Background Explorer Satellite (COBE) with George Smoot.

This work helped cement the big-bang theory of the universe. According to the Nobel Prize committee, "the COBE-project can also be regarded as the starting point for cosmology as a precision science."[1]

Mather is a senior astrophysicist at the U.S. space agency's (NASA) Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in Maryland and adjunct professor of physics at the University of Maryland, College Park. In 2007, Mather was listed among Time magazine's 100 Most Influential People in The World. In October, 2012, he was listed again by Time magazine in a special issue on New Space Discoveries as one of 25 most influential people in space.

Mather is also the project scientist for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), a space telescope to be launched to L2 no earlier than 2018.

Education and initial research[edit]


Honors and awards[edit]

Publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 2006" (Press release). The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. 3 October 2006. Retrieved 2006-10-05. 
  2. ^ John C. Mather autobiography, Nobel Prize. Accessed June 29, 2008. "When I finished 8th grade, it was time to go to high school, and my parents decided to send me to Newton High School, where they thought we would get the best available education in our area."
  3. ^ University of Notre Dame. "Honorary Degrees". Retrieved 20 June 2011. 

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