John Cameron (1773-1844)

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Sir John Cameron
Cameron John (1773-1844).jpg
Lieutenant-General Sir John Cameron, KCB
Born 3 Jan 1773 (1773-01-03)
Culchenna, Inverness, Scotland
Died 23 Nov 1844 (1844-11-24) (aged 71)
Guernsey, Channel Islands
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1787-1844
Rank Lieutenant-General
Commands held 43rd Regiment of Foot
9th Regiment of Foot
93rd Regiment of Foot[1]
Battles/wars Invasion of Guadeloupe (1794)
Peninsular War
Awards KCB
Knight of the Tower and Sword (Portugal)
Relations Captain Ewen Cameron, 43rd Foot, killed at Battle of the Côa, 24 July 1810 (brother)
General Sir Duncan Alexander Cameron GCB (1808-1888) (son)
Maj.-Gen. John Cameron RE, CB, FRS (1817-1878), Director-General of the Ordnance Survey (son)

Lieutenant-General Sir John Cameron, KCB[2] (b. 3 Jan 1773, d. 23 Nov 1844), of Culchenna, Inverness, Scotland, was a British Army officer and commander during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.[3]

Career[4][edit]

CAMERON, Sir John, K.C.B. ... Ensign, 25 Sep 1787; Lieutenant, 30 Sep 1790; Captain, 11 Jul 1794; Major, 9 Oct 1800; Lieutenant-Colonel, 28 May 1807; Appointed to 9th Foot, 3 Sep 1807; Colonel, 4 Jun 1814; Major-General, 19 Jul 1821;[5] appointed Lieutenant Governor of Plymouth, 25 Sep 1823;[6] Colonel of 9th Foot, 31 May 1833;[7] Lieutenant-General 10 Jul 1837.[8] He served in the West Indies in the 43rd, under Sir Charles Grey, and was present at the siege of Fort Bourbon, the capture of Martinique, St. Lucia and Guadaloupe, and at the assault made by the enemy of Fleur d'épée; he next served under Brigadier-General C. Graham at Berville Camp in Guadaloupe; and commanded the Regiment engaged in the action of the 30 Sep 1794, and in different attacks made by the enemy until 4 Oct 1794, when he was severely wounded and taken prisoner, in which situation he remained two years (on a prison hull at Pointe-à-Pitre). Gold Medal for Vimiero, Corunna, Busaco, Salamanca, Vittoria, St. Sebastian, and Nive. "In consideration of his eminent services, and we can honestly assert that there was not a better soldier in any army; he was nominated a Knight Commander of the Military Order of the Bath, by his Sovereign. The Portuguese Government conferred the Order of the Tower and the Sword on Sir John for the able services he rendered to that nation." Died at Guernsey, 23 Nov 1844.

Family[edit]

Camerons of Culchenna (also spelled Cuilcheanna) are descended from John, second son of Allan of the Forays, who was the XII. Chief of the Clan Cameron.[9]

Cameron married Amelia Brock, daughter of Henry Brock, Esq., and niece of Admiral James Saumarez, 1st Baron de Saumarez on 10 October 1803, while stationed in Guernsey, Channel Islands. Amelia was a first cousin of Major-General Sir Isaac Brock. The children of Lieut.-Gen. Sir John Cameron and Amelia Brock are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette Issue 18959 published on the 24 July 1832. Page 7 of 24.
  2. ^ The London Gazette, Issue 17810, published 20 April 1822. Page 1 of 24.
  3. ^  "Cameron, Sir John (1773-1844)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  4. ^ Levinge, Sir Richard George Augustus. Historical records of the Forty-third Regiment, Monmouthshire Light Infantry: with a roll of the officers and their services from the period of embodiment to the close of 1867. Clowes, 1868. 352 pages. Retrieved from Google Books, page 301 of said volume.
  5. ^ The London Gazette, Issue 17727 published 20 July 1821. Page 2 of 4.
  6. ^ The London Gazette, Issue 17985 published 20 December 1823. Page 4 of 24.
  7. ^ The London Gazette, Issue 19056, published 7 June 1833. Page 2 of 24.
  8. ^ The London Gazette, Issue 19456 published 10 January 1837. Page 6 of 30.
  9. ^ http://www.clan-cameron.org.uk