John Carroll (VC)
John Carroll VC, in London, August 1918, shortly before returning to Australia.
|Born||16 August 1891
|Died||4 October 1971 (aged 80)
Perth, Western Australia
|Service/branch||First Australian Imperial Force|
|Years of service||1916–1918|
John Carroll VC (16 August 1891 – 4 October 1971) was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Born in Brisbane, Queensland to Irish parents, Carroll moved to Western Australia while still a child. He worked as a labourer and railway guard before enlisting in the Australian Imperial Force as a private in April 1916.
On 7–12 June 1917 at St. Yves, Belgium, during the Battle of Messines, Private Carroll rushed the enemy's trench and bayoneted four of the occupants. He then noticed a comrade in difficulty and went to his assistance, killing another of the enemy. Next, he single-handedly attacked a machine-gun team, killing three of them and capturing the gun. Later, two of his comrades were buried by a shell; in spite of heavy shelling and machine-gun fire, he managed to rescue them. 
It has been claimed that Carroll failed on three occasions to appear at Buckingham Palace for his Victoria Cross award ceremony and when he did turn up on the fourth occasion he took advantage of one of the entitlements of VC recipients to call out the Palace Guard. These stories first appeared in the Perth Daily News on 2 November 1927 and the source of the story would seem to be Carroll himself. He was in hospital after an industrial accident in which one of his feet was amputated. Just out of surgery and still in pain he was interviewed by a reporter who does not seem to have checked the veracity of the stories. Carroll was severely wounded at Passchendaele in October 1917. His rehabilitation was successful but after briefly returning to his unit, the Australian Prime Minister Billy Hughes, then in England, arranged for furlough to Australia for Victoria Cross recipients to help recruiting in Australia.
Carroll died on 4 October 1971, at the age of 80, and is buried in Karrakatta Cemetery, Perth, Western Australia. His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Australian War Memorial, Canberra, Australia.
Medals: Victoria Cross, British War Medal, Victory Medal
The John Carroll ward at the former Repatriation General Hospital, Hollywood is named in his honour.
- Victoria Cross, ItsAnHonour.gov.au
- "John Carroll – Discovering Anzacs". National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 31 July 1917. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
- Rex Clark, "Carroll, John (1891–1971)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 7, Melbourne University Press, 1979, pp 572–573
- Ross McMullin. "One of a kind", Wartime Issue 29, 2005
- Anthony Staunton. Private John Carroll VC: Gallantry at St Yves, Belgium, Sabretache (Journal of the Military Historical Society of Australia) Vol XLVI No. 1, March 2005, pages 19–24.
- John CARROLL, The AIF Project, aif.adfa.edu.au