John Casimir Ehrnrooth

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John Casimir Ehrnrooth
Казимир Ернрот
Johann Casimir Ehrnrooth.jpg
5th Prime Minister of Bulgaria
In office
9 May 1881 – 13 July 1881
Monarch Alexander
Preceded by Petko Karavelov
Succeeded by Vacant
(Alexander's Authoritarian Regime)
War Minister of Bulgaria
In office
17 April 1880 – 13 July 1881
Preceded by Alexander Timler
Succeeded by Vladimir Krylov
Minister of Interior
In office
9 May 1881 – 13 July 1881
Premier Himself
Preceded by Petko Slaveykov
Succeeded by Arnold Remlingen (under Alexander's Authoritarian Regime)
Personal details
Born 1833
Nastola, Finland
Died 1913
Helsinki, Finland
Military service
Allegiance Imperial Russian Army
Rank Lieutenant-General
Commands Vitebsk Infantry Regiment, 11th Infantry Division
Battles/wars Caucasian War, January Uprising, Russo-Turkish War (1877–78)


Johan Casimir Gustavovich Ehrnrooth (also Ernrot or Ehrnroth; 1833–1913) was a Swedish-speaking Finnish soldier in the service of Imperial Russia, who also acted as Prime Minister of Bulgaria.

Ehrnrooth was born to an affluent noble family in the Seesta mansion in Nastola, Finland. In 1856, he graduated from the Imperial Military Academy in Saint Petersburg and enlisted in the Imperial Russian Army.

Ehrnrooth first came to prominence when he played a leading role in suppressing the resistance of Imam Shamil and the Avars in 1859. At the time a Major in the Russian Army, Ehrnrooth continued to rise through the ranks in campaigns against Polish rebels and fighting to remove the Ottoman Turks from Bulgaria. Following the Independence of Bulgaria Ehrnrooth was chosen by Russia to look after the interests of Alexander of Bulgaria, becoming Minister of War on 17 April 1880. Ehrnrooth became the strongman of the government, and became Prime Minister on 9 May 1881 whilst Alexander finalised his plans to assume full control of the country. Ehrnrooth became the strongest supporter of Alexander during this period, although he was forced to leave Bulgaria when the experiment floundered.

After his return to Russia Ehrnrooth became Minister-Secretary of State for Finnish Affairs, although the job, which involved drives towards Russification,[citation needed] did not suit the Finn.[citation needed] He retired in the 1890s and died of a stroke in Helsinki at the age of 79. Although he had no children both Finnish World War II colonel and later general Adolf Ehrnrooth and former chairman of Nokia and Kymmene Corporation Casimir Ehrnrooth are from his family line.

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