John Charles

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John Charles
John Charles '62.jpg
Personal information
Full name William John Charles, CBE
Date of birth (1931-12-27)27 December 1931[1]
Place of birth Swansea, Wales
Date of death 21 February 2004(2004-02-21) (aged 72)
Place of death Wakefield, England
Height 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
Playing position Centre back, centre forward
Youth career
1946–1948 Swansea Town
1948–1949 Leeds United
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1948–1957 Leeds United 297 (150)
1957–1962 Juventus 150 (93)
1962 Leeds United 11 (3)
1962–1963 Roma 10 (4)
1963–1966 Cardiff City 69 (18)
1966–1971 Hereford United 173 (80)
1972–1974 Merthyr Tydfil
National team
1950–1965 Wales 38 (15)
Teams managed
1967–1971 Hereford United (player-manager)
1972–1974 Merthyr Tydfil (player-manager)
1987 Hamilton Steelers
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).

William John Charles, CBE (27 December 1931 – 21 February 2004) was a Welsh international footballer who played for Leeds United and Juventus. Rated by many as the greatest all-round footballer ever to come from Britain,[2] he was equally adept at centre-forward or centre-back. He has since been included in the Football League 100 Legends and was inducted into the Football Hall of Fame.

He was never cautioned or sent off during his entire career,[3] due to his philosophy of never kicking or intentionally hurting opposing players. Standing at 6 feet 2 inches, he was nicknamed Il Gigante Buono – The Gentle Giant.

His brother, Mel Charles and nephew Jeremy Charles, also represented Wales. His grandson Jake Charles currently plays for Huddersfield Town, and has represented Wales at youth level

Biography[edit]

Charles was born in the Cwmbwrla district of Swansea during late 1931. Charles would play football as a child, with younger brother Mel Charles who also went on to become a professional, later playing alongside each other for the Welsh national team.[4]

While still at school, Charles joined the boys section of the local team Swansea Town, who later became Swansea City. When he left school at age 14 he was taken onto the groundstaff at Vetch Field, yet because of his young age Third Division Swansea never gave him a first-team call up. His only senior appearances came for the reserve side in the Welsh Football League.

Leeds United first spell[edit]

While playing for Gendros, a local youth club, he was scouted by Leeds United and given a trial in September 1948. At his trial he impressed and duly signed for them at the age of 17, relocating to Yorkshire.

Major Buckley, then manager of Leeds, selected Charles in a variety of positions including right-back, centre-half and left-half for Leeds Reserves.

Charles made his first team debut as a centre back for Leeds United in a friendly versus Dumfries club Queen of the South on 19 April 1949. Charles was tasked with marking the Scotland centre forward Billy Houliston, who ten days previously at Wembley had run the England defence ragged as the Scots won 3-1. The score was 0–0. After the game Houliston said 17 year old Charles was "the best centre half I've ever played against".[5]

Charles in 1954, Wales versus Scotland, Ninian Park

Charles made his league debut against Blackburn Rovers also in April 1949, playing at centre-half. From 1950 until 1952 Charles was away on National Service with the 12th Royal Lancers at Carlisle. The army allowed him to turn out for Leeds but also saw to it that he played for them, and in 1952 Charles skippered his side to the Army Cup. It was during this period that he had operations to repair cartilages in both knees.

After his return to the Leeds side in November 1951 Charles played at centre-forward and centre half. This prompted a debate as to where Charles should play in the team, but he remained at centre-half until the 1952–53 season. In October 1952, he was switched to Centre forward and immediately started to score, with 11 goals in 6 games. In 1955 he was appointed club captain and during the 1955-56 season Leeds won promotion to the first division with John in sparkling form scoring 29 goals in 42 appearances. In the following season John would score a top flight record tally of 38 goals in 40 league appearances as Leeds secured an 8th place finish in the first division, before moving finally moving away from the club. His influence on Leeds’ success during his final season was so strong, reporters nicknamed the club ‘John Charles United’.[6] In total he scored 150 league goals in eight years for Leeds, including a club record 42 goals in 39 appearances during the 1953–54 season. He remains the second highest all time goal scorer for Leeds after Peter Lorimer.

Playing in Italy with Juventus[edit]

In August 1957 he joined the Italian club Juventus for a then British record £65,000 transfer fee, almost doubling the previous record. The transfer was notable as Charles became one of the first British professional players to be signed for an overseas team after John Fox Watson led the way moving from Fulham to Real Madrid in 1948.

His debut came on 8 September 1957 against Hellas Verona. Goals from Boniperti and Sivori had made the score 2-2 when up popped Charles to score the winner. The following week he scored the only goal in the victory over Udinese and he then hit the decisive strike in a 3-2 victory over Genoa. He had been the matchwinner in his first three games.

In his first season in Italy, Charles was Serie A's top scorer with 28 goals, and was voted player of the season as Juventus won the Scudetto. He played in Turin for five years, scoring 93 goals in 155 matches, winning the scudetto (Italian league championship) three times, and the Italian Cup twice. He was 3rd in the Ballon d'Or (Golden Ball) in 1959.

Charles with Sivori and Boniperti at Juve

Charles was dubbed as ‘Il Gigante Buono’ (The Gentle Giant) during his five seasons with Juventus. The respect Charles earned from Juventus fans was shown when, on the occasion of the club's centenary in 1997 they voted him to be the best-ever foreign player to play for their team.[7]

Returning to Britain[edit]

Following his time at Juventus, Don Revie paid a club record £53,000 to secure the return to Yorkshire of John Charles. As a result of the excitement this created, Leeds United raised admission prices for the start of the 1962-63 season. Charles second spell at Elland Road was less successful. After five years in Italy he found it difficult to adjust to life and football back in England. After 11 games and three goals - a shadow of his former strike rate - Charles was sold for £70,000 to A.S. Roma. Initially, the move was a success and Charles scored within fifteen minutes of his first game for Roma, in a match against Bologna. The early promise was never fulfilled, however, and Charles was on the move again a year later. He left to join Cardiff City where he stayed until 1966, which marked the end of his league career.

He later became manager of Hereford United and Merthyr Tydfil, and technical director of the Canadian team Hamilton Steelers, who he became coach of midway through the 1987 season.

International career with Wales[edit]

Charles first played for the Wales national team shortly after his 18th birthday.

He played for Wales at the 1958 FIFA World Cup in Sweden – the only time the nation has qualified for the competition. It was also the only time all four of the Home Nations qualified for the same World Cup, though only Wales and Northern Ireland made it past the group stage.[8] Wales remained undefeated in the group stage, battling to draws with Hungary (thanks to a Charles goal), Mexico, and eventual runners-up Sweden. As Hungary also recorded three points, a play-off match ensued, and Wales came from behind at the Råsunda Stadium to advance with a 2–1 win; however Charles was injured in the match and missed out on the rest of the tournament. The Welsh were eventually knocked out by Brazil in the quarter-finals thanks to a goal by Pelé in the 66th minute; the Brazilians went on to win the competition. Wales manager Jimmy Murphy said that "with John Charles in the side we might have won".[9]

In total for Wales, Charles made 38 appearances and scored 15 goals.

Charles played for the Great Britain team against Ireland in 1955.

Life after football[edit]

Following his retirement from football, Charles became the landlord of the New Inn public house on Elland Road, Churwell, Leeds which later was also managed by another Leeds United player and Wales international, Byron Stevenson.[10] On 16 June 2001, as part of that year's Queen's Birthday Honours, he was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire "for services to Association Football".[11] Until shortly before his death he continued to attend every Leeds United home game. In 2002 he was made a vice-president of the Football Association of Wales, and in 2003, he was granted the freedom of the city of Swansea. There was a campaign to knight John Charles,[12] but it never came to fruition. Charles became an Inaugural Inductee to the English Football Hall of Fame in 2002. The West Stand of the Elland Road Stadium is named "The John Charles Stand" in his honour for the great service he provided to Leeds United and a bust was created, financed by Leeds United Chairman Ken Bates, to be displayed in the entrance to the banqueting suite (attached to the back of The John Charles Stand) in his remembrance.[13] The South Leeds Stadium, used by Leeds United for reserve matches, was renamed the John Charles Stadium in his honour. There is also a street named "John Charles Way" close to the Elland Road Stadium.[14]

In January 2004 he suffered a heart attack shortly before an interview for Italian television, and required the partial amputation of one foot for circulation reasons before he was returned to Britain. He died in Pinderfields Hospital, Wakefield, West Yorkshire, early on 21 February 2004. His widow, Glenda, bequeathed his ashes to the city of Swansea.[15]

In 1998, the Football League, as part of its centenary season celebrations, included Charles on its list of 100 League Legends.

On 29 November 2003, to celebrate UEFA's Jubilee, he was selected as the Golden Player of Wales by the Football Association of Wales as their most outstanding player of the past 50 years.[16]

In 2004, Charles was voted at number 19 in the 100 Welsh Heroes poll.[17]

Critical reception[edit]

In the foreword for Charles' autobiography, Sir Bobby Robson described him as "incomparable" and classed him among the all-time footballing greats such as Pelé, Diego Maradona and George Best. He also notes that Charles is the only footballing great to be world class in two very different positions.

John wasn't only one of the greatest footballers who ever lived. He was one of the greatest men ever to play the game.

—Sir Bobby Robson.[18]

Jimmy Greaves once stated that "if I were picking my all-time great British team, or even a world eleven, John Charles would be in it". Other footballers have also named him as one of the best, including Jack Charlton,[19] Nat Lofthouse[20] and Billy Wright.[20] Jack Charlton said "he was the best header of the ball I ever saw in my life."[18]

Charles' accomplishments with Juventus led to him being voted 'the greatest foreign player ever in Serie A', ahead of Maradona, Michel Platini, Marco van Basten and Zinedine Zidane – this in 1997, 34 years after his last appearance in the league. In 2001 he became the first non-Italian inducted to the Azzurri Hall of Fame.[21]

Honours[edit]

[22]

  • Serie A: Champions (1958, 1960, 1961)
  • Coppa Italia: Winners (1959, 1960)
  • Welsh Cup: Winners (1964, 1965)
  • Italian Player of the Year: 1958
  • The John Charles Centre for Sport in Leeds is named after Charles.
  • The West stand at Elland Road is named "The John Charles Stand" and the entrance lobby to the Banqueting Suite attached to the back of the stand contains a bust of Charles, in memory of all he did for the club.
  • A street near Elland Road in the Lower Wortley area of Leeds is named "John Charles Way"
  • The John Charles Lounge in Aberystwyth Town Football Club's ground is named after Charles
  • John Charles was included in the all-time 50 Juventus Legends list

Career statistics[edit]

These statistics are incomplete, missing figures indicated by –

Club performance
Club Division Season League Cup Other Total
Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Leeds United Second Division 1948–49 3 0 0 0 0 0 3 0
Second Division 1949–50 42 1 5 0 0 0 47 1
Second Division 1950–51 34 3 2 0 0 0 36 3
Second Division 1951–52 18 0 5 0 0 0 23 0
Second Division 1952–53 40 26 1 1 0 0 41 27
Second Division 1953–54 39 42 2 1 0 0 41 43
Second Division 1954–55 40 11 2 1 0 0 42 12
Second Division 1955–56 41 29 1 0 0 0 42 29
First Division 1956–57 40 38 1 1 0 0 41 39
Juventus Serie A 1957–58 34 28 4 1 0 0 38 29
Serie A 1958–59 29 19 4 5 2 0 35 24
Serie A 1959–60 34 23 3 3 0 0 37 26
Serie A 1960–61 32 15 3 1 2 0 37 16
Serie A 1961–62 21 8 4 2 10 0 35 10
Leeds United Second Division 1962–63 11 3 0 0 0 0 11 3
A.S. Roma Serie A 1962–63 10 4 10 4
Cardiff City Second Division 1963–64 33 11 1 0 1 0 35 11
Second Division 1964–65 28 3 0 0 6 0 34 3
Second Division 1965–66 7 4 0 0 3 0 10 4
Hereford United Southern Premier 1966–67 42 26 9 11 0 0 51 37
Southern Premier 1967–68 0 0
Southern Premier 1968–69 0 0
Southern Premier 1969–70 0 0
Southern Premier 1970–71 24 10 4 1 6 1 34 12
Merthyr Tydfil Southern Premier 1971–72 0 0
Career totals 602 304 51 28 30 1 683 333

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles 2009, p. 26
  2. ^ IFHOF.com
  3. ^ "Footballer John Charles' Italian medal auctioned". BBC News Online. 2010-06-16. Retrieved 2010-11-01. 
  4. ^ RoyoftheRovers.com
  5. ^ McLean, Kirk. "Billy Houliston profile". Queen of the South F.C. Retrieved 2011-05-28. 
  6. ^ "Archie Gibson: Tenacious midfielder for Leeds United". The Independent (London). 24 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Oxford Times, 24 February 2004
  8. ^ Charles 2009, p. 14
  9. ^ Charles 2009, p. 18
  10. ^ Keating, Frank (2001-12-24). "Frank Keating interviews Leeds legend John Charles". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  11. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 56237. pp. 7–8. 16 June 2001. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  12. ^ "Campaign to knight John Charles". BBC News. 15 November 2000. 
  13. ^ LUFC Official Web-Site (2006). "John Charles Honoured" LeedsUnited.com (accessed 10 August 2006)
  14. ^ http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?q=John+Charles+Way,+Leeds+LS12,+United+Kingdom&ie=UTF8&hl=en&cd=3&geocode=FdOhNAMdceDn_w&sll=53.800651,-4.064941&sspn=6.881357,14.941406&ll=53.78093,-1.58116&spn=0.000853,0.002843&t=h&z=19&iwloc=addr
  15. ^ Charles 2009, p. 12
  16. ^ UEFA.com – Europe's Football Website (2003). "Golden Players take centre stage" uefa.com (accessed 13 August 2006)
  17. ^ 100 Welsh Heroes.com (2004). "100 Welsh Heroes" (accessed 21 December 2006)
  18. ^ a b Charles 2009, p. 11
  19. ^ "John Charles dies". BBC News Online. 2004-02-24. Retrieved 2011-05-28. "He was quick, he was strong, he could run with the ball. He was half the team in himself. He was tremendous." 
  20. ^ a b Bagchi, Rob (2008-10-22). "Hail the masterly jacks of all trades". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2011-05-28. "John Charles: according to Nat Lofthouse, he was the best defender; for Billy Wright, the finest striker he had ever seen." 
  21. ^ BBC Sport, 23 February 2001
  22. ^ "William John Charles – "The Gentle Giant"". soccermond.com. Retrieved 12 July 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]