John Charles Linthicum
|John Charles Linthicum|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland's 4th district|
March 4, 1911 – October 5, 1932
|Preceded by||John Gill, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Ambrose J. Kennedy|
|Born||26 November 1867|
|Died||5 October 1932 (aged 64)
Linthicum was born near Baltimore, Maryland, in the locality now known as Linthicum, Maryland, and attended the public schools of Anne Arundel County and Baltimore. He graduated from the Maryland State Normal School in Baltimore in 1886, and became principal of the Braddock School in Frederick County, Maryland, in 1887. He also taught in the schools of Anne Arundel County, and studied history and political science at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. He graduated from the law school at the University of Maryland School of Law in Baltimore in 1890, and was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Baltimore in 1890.
Linthicum served as a member of the Maryland House of Delegates in 1904 and 1905, and in the Maryland State Senate from 1906 to 1909. He was an unsuccessful candidate for mayor of Baltimore in 1907, and was a judge advocate general on the staff of Maryland Governor Austin Lane Crothers from 1908 to 1912. He was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-second and to the ten succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1911, until his death. Linthicum's most important role in Congress was that of the leader of the Wets (those who advocated the repeal of prohibition) succeeding John Philip Hill in 1927 (transition shown in the photo above). Working with Rep. James M. Beck, (R.) of Pennsylvania, Linthicum co-wrote and introduced the Beck-Linthicum amendment which was designed to repeal prohibition in 1932. Although the bill failed it is highly significant in that it forced the wet and dry members to go on record as such. This resulted in the drys being voted out office and the eventual repeal of prohibition. In 1918, motivated by his wife Helen a noted "club woman" and by Mrs. Reuben Ross Holloway, Linthicum became the first to introduce a bill which would make the Star Spangled Banner the official national anthem of the United States, though it was not made so until 1931. During the Seventy-second Congress, he served as chairman of the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs, and had been renominated to the Seventy-third Congress at the time of his death. While serving as chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, Linthicum achieved the "scheduling" of the foreign service and instituted the policy of U.S. government ownership of its embassies. (This is the achievement commemorated by his wife Helen Linthicum on his grave marker). Linthicum had also served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1924. He died in Baltimore and is interred in Druid Ridge Cemetery. His home, Twin Oaks, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1986.
Several memorials have been dedicated to John Charles Linthicum.
- Grave Marker in Druid Ridge Park- By his wife Helen recognizing service to the U.S. State Department.
- Stained Glass Window- Church of the Ephiphany Washington D.C.
- Linthicum Memorial and Park, Linthicum, Maryland, commemorating his work on behalf of the National Anthem.
- The Journal of the House of Representatives: 247. January 15, 1932.
- Lessem, Harold I.; Mackenzie, George C. (1954). ""The Star-Spangled Banner" After 1815". NPS Historical Handbook: Fort McHenry. National Park Service.
- "LINTHICUM ATTACKS SENATE PACT RULE: Tells His World Court Plan to Society of International Law.". The Washington Post. 1 May 1932. p. 13.
- Charles and Helen Linthicum Web Page
- Primary Reference Guide to Linthicum Related Houses and Properties
- The Only Primary Reference/Biography for Helen and J. Charles Linthicum
|United States House of Representatives|
John Gill, Jr.
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 4th congressional district
Ambrose J. Kennedy