John Charles Oakes Marriott
|John Charles Oakes Marriott|
|Died||1978 (aged 82 or 83)|
|Years of service||1914 - 1950|
|Commands held||2nd Battalion Scots Guards (1938 - 1940)
21st Infantry Brigade (1940)
Indian 29th Infantry Brigade (1940 - 1941)
22nd Guards Brigade (1941 - 1942)
200th Guards Brigade (1942)
200th Guards Motor Brigade Group (1942)
201st Guards Motor Brigade Group (1942)
32nd Infantry Brigade (1942 - 1943)
Guards Division (1945 - 1947)
|Battles/wars||East African Campaign
Western Desert Campaign
|Awards||KCVO (21 February 1950)
CVO(23 July 1937)
MVO (3 June 1935)
CB (1 January 1947)
DSO (4 June 1917)
DSO (30 December 1941)
MC (3 June 1916)
He served in World War I as a Staff Captain with 7th Infantry Brigade in France and then as a General Staff Officer with 66th Division. Marriott won both the DSO and MC as well as the French Croix de guerre fighting in World War I.
After the War he became a General Staff Officer to the Military Attaché in Washington D. C.. He transferred to the Scots Guards in 1920. He was made Deputy Assistant Adjutant & Quartermaster General for London District in 1933. In 1938 he was made Commanding Officer of 2nd Bn Scots Guards.
He served in World War II initially in the Middle East and from 1940 as Commander of 21st Infantry Brigade. From October 1940 he commanded 29th Indian Infantry Brigade, part of Indian 5th Infantry Division, in the East African Campaign for which he received his second DSO. In October 1941 on return to the Western Desert he was placed in command of 22nd Guards Brigade which was renamed successively 200th Guards Brigade and 201st Guards Motor Brigade. He avoided capture when the brigade was forced to surrender when Tobruk was captured on 20 June 1942 by German and Italian forces. He returned to the United Kingdom and from September 1942 to December 1943 he commanded 32nd Guards Brigade. He was Deputy Director of Infantry at the War Office from 1943.
After the War he became Commander of the Guards Division in Germany in 1945 and Major-General commanding the Brigade of Guards and General Officer Commanding London District in 1947; he retired in 1950.
In 1920 he married Maud (Momo) Emily Wolff Kahn, the daughter of Otto Hermann Kahn, investment banker, collector, philanthropist, and patron of the arts. They had one child.
- Marriott, John Charles Oakes (1931). Admiral of New England: The exploits of John Smith: his London epitaph. Times Pub. Co. OCLC 28725928.
- Ammentorp, Steen. "Generals of World War II". Retrieved 2007-07-31.
- Brett-James, Antony (1951). Ball of fire - The Fifth Indian Division in the Second World War. Gale & Polden. pp. 481 pages.
- Mackenzie, Compton (1951). Eastern Epic. Chatto & Windus, London. pp. 623 pages.
- Marriott, Sir John (1946). Memories of Four-Score Years: The Autobiography of Sir John Marriott. London: Blackie.
- "Orders of Battle.com". Retrieved 2007-07-31.
- The London Gazette: . 21 February 1950. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- The London Gazette: . 23 July 1937. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- The London Gazette: . 3 June 1935. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 1946. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- The London Gazette: . 4 June 1917. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- The London Gazette: . 26 December 1941. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
- The London Gazette: . 3 June 1916. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
(As GOC Guards Armoured Division)
|GOC Guards Division
Sir Henry Loyd
|GOC London District
Sir Julian Gascoigne