John Chippendall Montesquieu Bellew

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John Chippendall Montesquieu Bellew, Higgins (3 August 1823 – 19 June 1874) was an English author, preacher, and public reader.

Biography[edit]

John Higgin was born at Lancaster on 3 August 1823. He was the only child of an infantry officer, Captain Robert Higgin, of the 12th Regiment. His mother, who towards the close of 1822, had married Captain Higgin, was the daughter of John Bellew, of Castle Bellew, county Galway, and cousin of Lord Bellew. She was co-heiress under the will of her uncle, Major-general Bellew, heir-at-law of the O'Briens, earls of Thomond.[1]

Educated during his earlier years at Lancaster Grammar School, Higgin was entered in 1842 as a student at St Mary Hall, Oxford. On attaining his majority in the autumn of 1844 he assumed his mother's maiden name, and dropped his patronymic. He was induced to do this by the circumstance of his being descended maternally from the senior branch of the O'Briens, and thus a descendant from Teige the second brother of Donough, the fourth earl (commonly spoken of as the great earl in Irish history), brother of Daniel O'Brien, 1st Viscount Clare. Soon after entering the university, he became known as a frequent and effective speaker at the Oxford Union.[1]

Bellew's aptitude for oratory encouraged him to take up a clerical career. Ordained in 1848, he was appointed a curate of St. Andrews in Worcester, and in 1850 transferred to a curacy at Prescot, Lancashire. In the following year he went to the East Indies. There, almost immediately upon his arrival in 1851 at Calcutta, he was nominated chaplain of St. John's Cathedral there. He held that position for four years, during part of which he also wrote for the Morning Post and edited the Bengal Hurkaru.[1]

Returning to England in 1855, he was appointed assistant minister of St. Philip's, Regent Street. In 1857 he assumed the sole charge of St. Mark's Hamilton Terrace, Marylebone. That office he held for five years; in 1862 he became incumbent of Bedford Chapel, Bloomsbury. Between 1855 and 1867 he became known as one of the most popular London preachers. It was said that no preacher of his time had greater oratorical gifts by nature, and that no man had taken greater pains than he to improve and cultivate them.[1] He published sermons, a novel (Blount's Tempest), and some work on poetry.

In 1868, however, Bellew converted to Roman Catholicism, his mother's faith. He gave up Anglican holy orders on 13 August 1870.[2] In so doing he gave up an income of around £1,000 a year.[1]

Bellew continued to write, but became particularly known for his public readings, which were thought comparable to those of Charles Dickens and Fanny Kemble. However, making two American expeditions in rapid succession exhausted Bellew, and he died in his fifty-first year, on 19 June 1874, at 16 Circus Road, St John's Wood, London.[1] He was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery.[2]

Works[edit]

  • Loyalty: a legend of Speke Hall, Lancashire: a play: as licensed by the Lord Chamberlain, and originally performed, London, Whittaker and Co.; Oxford, J. Vincent, 1845.
  • Sermons preached in St. Philip's, Regent Street : together with two discourses delivered on the days of national thanksgiving, 1855, 1856, London: T. and W. Boone, 1856
  • The perishable and the imperishable : a sermon preached in the parish church of the Holy Trinity, Hull, on Sunday, the 20th of February 1859, London: Chapman and Hall, 1859
  • Oliver Goldsmith: his life and writings, London: Chapman and Hall, 1859
  • Our heavenly home : a sermon delivered at St. Mark's, St. John's Wood, on Christmas Day, 1861, London: J. Knight, 1861.
  • Shakespeare's Home at New Place, Stratford-upon-Avon, being a history of the Great House built in the reign of King Henry VII by Sir Hugh Clopton, Knight, and subsequently the property of William Shakespeare, Gent., wherein he lived and died, London: Virtue Bros. and Co., 1863. 8vo, 380pp.
  • Blount Tempest, London: Hurst & Blackett, 1865. 3 vols.
  • Poet's Corner, a Manual for Students in English Poetry, with biographical Sketches of the Authors, 1868. 6vo, 920pp.
  • 'Introduction', in The complete works of Bret Harte, in prose and poetry : now first collected, London: J. C. Hotten, 1872.
  • J.M. Bellew's readings from American authors, Edinburgh, The Edinburgh publishing company, 1879

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f  "Chippendall Montesquieu Bellew, John". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  2. ^ a b "Bellew [formerly Higgin], John Chippendale Montesquieu". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2053.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Attribution  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain
 "Chippendall Montesquieu Bellew, John". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.